Existentialism

Publication Title: 
Psychiatry

There is, in my opinion, a rapprochement between the theories of psychoanalysis and existential-phenomenology. It is my major theoretical interest to articulate the points at which true dialogue between these different perspectives is possible. Such an effort is not an attempt to merge the two theories or subordinate one to the other; rather, I hope that the theoretical positions of both will be clarified and that the therapeutic dialogue of practitioners who represent both perspectives will be benefited.

Author(s): 
Brice, C. W.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy

Physicians often appear more troubled by moral dilemmas than would seem justified given the present social and professional consensus on many of the questions involved. Their discomfort arises not only at ethical, technical, and behavioral levels (the most commonly identified sources of difficulty), but also at an existential level, that is, as the manifestation of conflicts rooted in the processes and conditions of our coming-to-be as persons.

Author(s): 
Barnard, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

The words 'nurse' and 'nursing' originate in the word 'nurture' which dates back to the 14th century. 'Nurturance' appeared for the first time in the 1976 Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary and in a United States dictionary in 1983. Etymologically and semantically bound to nursing, little is known about the term nurturance.

Author(s): 
Geissler, E. M.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

To understand how caregivers reason when faced with patients in late states of dementia, two recognized expert caregivers were interviewed about their experiences of caring for severely demented patients. Combined in the precontext were hermeneutic, psychodynamic, and existentialist perspectives with regard to theories of human development and care ethics.

Author(s): 
Hellner, B. M.
Norberg, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Three studies examined the terror management function of romantic commitment. In Study 1 (N = 94), making mortality salient led to higher reports of romantic commitment on the Dimensions of Commitment Inventory (J. M. Adams & W. H. Jones, 1997) than control conditions. In Study 2 (N = 60), the contextual salience of thoughts about romantic commitment reduced the effects of mortality salience on judgments of social transgressions.

Author(s): 
Florian, Victor
Mikulincer, Mario
Hirschberger, Gilad
Publication Title: 
Nursing Ethics

This article is intended to raise the question of whether sacrifice can be regarded stituting a deep ethical structure in the relationship between patient and carer. The significance of sacrifice in a patient-carer relationship cannot, however, be fully understood from the standpoint of the consistently utilitarian ethic that characterizes today's ethical discourse. Deontological ethics, with its universal principles, also does not provide a suitable point of departure.

Author(s): 
Helin, Kaija
Lindstrˆm, Unni A.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Administration Quarterly

This manuscript offers a new view of old and timeless values: the essential ethic of love, informed by contemporary European philosophies, and caring theory, as well as ancient poetry and wisdom traditions. It integrates some of the philosophical views of Levinas and Logstrup with Watson's Transpersonal Caring Theory.

Author(s): 
Watson, Jean
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

In existential holistic group therapy, the whole person heals in accordance with the holistic process theory and the life mission theory. Existential group psychotherapy addresses the emotional aspect of the human mind related to death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessness, while existential holistic group therapy addresses the state of the person"s wholeness.

Author(s): 
Ventegodt, S¯ren
Andersen, Niels J¯rgen
Merrick, Joav
Publication Title: 
Death Studies

Through the lens of grief we can discern many meanings of death, human existence, suffering, the life of the deceased, the life of the mourner, and love. This essay summarizes what the author, in part inspired by Herman Feifel, has learned about such meanings in nearly three decades of thinking, teaching, and writing about grieving as an active response to what happens in bereavement and the suffering that loss entails.

Author(s): 
Attig, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Journal of Palliative Care

The aim of this study was to illuminate the way of being a family when one family member is in the midst of living and dying. A family systems frame and a life world perspective were used in interviews with five families. A qualitative analysis inspired by Giorgi revealed dialectic and dynamic processes in constant motion within and between the continua being in affinity-being in loneliness, being in power-being in helplessness, and being in continuity-being in disruption.

Author(s): 
SyrÈn, Susanne M.
Saveman, Britt-Inger
Benzein, Eva G.

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