Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Publication Title: 
Pediatric Emergency Care

OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to report a case and review the literature on the use of extracorporeal life support in the face of severe pulmonary hemorrhage for acute respiratory distress syndrome. STUDY SELECTION: This study is a single case report of a pediatric patient who was successfully managed on venovenous extracorporeal life support for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome with acute pulmonary hemorrhage secondary to Wegener disease.

Author(s): 
Joseph, Mark
Charles, Anthony G.
Publication Title: 
BMC medical ethics

BACKGROUND: Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation has been introduced to clinical practice for several decades. It is unclear how internet and newspapers portray the use of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation.

Author(s): 
Chen, Yen-Yuan
Chen, Likwang
Kao, Yu-Hui
Chu, Tzong-Shinn
Huang, Tien-Shang
Ko, Wen-Je
Publication Title: 
Circulation

BACKGROUND: Conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for cardiac arrest after open-heart surgery in children is often unsuccessful despite the ability to perform open-chest massage. The purpose of this study was to review our results with mechanical support as rescue therapy in children with sudden circulatory arrest after cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1981 through 1991, we have used mechanical support with an extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) circuit for cardiac support in 33 children.

Author(s): 
del Nido, P. J.
Dalton, H. J.
Thompson, A. E.
Siewers, R. D.
Publication Title: 
Critical Care Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the experience and efficacy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for cardiac rescue in patients with presumptively lethal cardiac dysfunction at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patient records from a 9-yr period. SETTING: A 22-bed tertiary care pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) with an average of 1,400 admissions per year. An average of 150 open cardiotomy surgeries are performed per year, and all postoperative and severely ill cardiac patients are cared for in the ICU.

Author(s): 
Dalton, H. J.
Siewers, R. D.
Fuhrman, B. P.
Del Nido, P.
Thompson, A. E.
Shaver, M. G.
Dowhy, M.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Cardiology

There has been no report regarding therapy of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) that showed stunned myocardium echocardiographically and electrocardiographically in patients with acute myocardial infarction. ECLS was performed in eight patients with cardiogenic shock or arrest unresponsive to catecholamines and intra-aortic balloon pumping following myocardial infarction; these patients required prolonged external cardiac massage. After the initiation of ECLS, both blood pressure and metabolic acidosis improved in all patients.

Author(s): 
Kurose, M.
Okamoto, K.
Sato, T.
Kukita, I.
Taki, K.
Goto, H.
Publication Title: 
Obstetrics and Gynecology

BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest after postpartum hemorrhage may not respond to advanced life support. Various resuscitation methods have been proposed, including sternotomy and direct cardiac massage. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) might be an alternative. CASE: We report the case of a woman who suffered atonic uterine hemorrhage perioperatively after cesarean delivery of twins. During initial conservative treatment using prostaglandin analog (sulprostone), cardiac decompensation developed and was followed by cardiopulmonary arrest.

Author(s): 
Reyftmann, Lionel
Morau, Estelle
Dechaud, Herve
Herve, Dechaud
Frapier, Jean-Marc
Jean-Marc, Frapier
Hedon, Bernard
Bernard, Hedon
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate positive outcome, to achieve higher flow rates, and to reverse shock more quickly by implementing central extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children with refractory septic shock. Children hospitalized with sepsis have significant mortality rates. The development of shock is the most important risk factor for death. For children with septic shock refractory to all other forms of therapy, ECMO has been recommended but estimated survival is <50% and the best method of applying the technology is unknown.

Author(s): 
MacLaren, Graeme
Butt, Warwick
Best, Derek
Donath, Susan
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