Extramarital Relations

Publication Title: 
International Family Planning Perspectives

CONTEXT: Since 1990, HIV infection in Brazil has spread among the heterosexual population, particularly in the north. Containment of the epidemic can be informed by a better understanding of men's sexual risk behavior. METHODS: Logistic, Poisson and multilevel logit models were applied to data on married and cohabiting men who had participated in the 1996 Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey. RESULTS: Twelve percent of married or cohabiting men reported having had at least one extramarital partner in the previous 12 months; half of these had had two or more.

Author(s): 
Hill, Zelee E.
Cleland, John
Ali, Mohamed M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

A questionnaire that pertains to sexual attitudes and behaviors, family relationships, and marihuana usage was administered to 358 undergraduates at Wichita State University. A factor analysis performed upon the results yielded 12 factors related to sexual behavior: (1) Liberal vs. Conservative Attitudes; (2) Age-Experience; (3) Symbolic Sexual Preoccupation; (4) Romantic Love vs. Cynicism; (5) Experience-linked Drug Effects; (6) Affectual Dependence; (7) Mature Satisfaction; (8) Conservative vs. Liberal Sexual Practices; (9) High vs.

Author(s): 
Burdsal, C.
Greenberg, G.
Bell, M.
Reynolds, S.
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

College students rated protagonists of vignettes involved in extra-marital affairs in two separate studies. In the first study, where the affair resulted in the errant spouse falling in love, both the husband and wife were perceived more favorably when they cheated than when they were being cheated. The results of the second study, where the affair did not involve love, were opposite from those of the first. The cheating spouse was viewed negatively. No significant differences were found between married and unmarried subjects' perceptions.

Author(s): 
Hartnett, J.
Mahoney, J.
Bernstein, A.
Publication Title: 
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Extramarital sexual relationships constitute one of the most common problems encountered in marital therapy. They present both of the marital partners with highly emotionally charged dilemmas that must be resolved. Once believed to occur because a married person was weak, immoral, or neurotic, they are now understood to occur because of a variety of reasons. While almost a third of these cases end in divorce, others respond to appropriate treatment so that the marriages may be maintained, although with varying degrees of happiness for these couples.

Author(s): 
Humphrey, F. G.
Publication Title: 
Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior

This study describes the specific conflicts which suicidal women experience in their intimate relationships with men. Fifty women who had made suicide attempts were studied with a focus on the contributing role of their relationships with men to the genesis of the suicidal acts. Four major themes were found in the relationships: "smothering love", infidelity, battering, and denial of affection. The women experienced these conflicts as major precipitants in their suicidal behaviors. Examples of the four themes are described and analyzed.

Author(s): 
Stephens, B. J.
Publication Title: 
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly

A distinct type of phenomenon that has not been previously noted as such is named and described. Men who present a two-woman phenomenon retain a commitment to wife and marriage while loving another woman. Conflict arises only when one of the women has to be relinquished. It is postulated that many men with this pattern of loving have experienced a traumatic childhood and an oedipal conflict which defensively involved two maternal objects in fantasy or reality. One mother was hated, the other loved. This dynamic is one possible determinant leading to the two-woman phenomenon.

Author(s): 
Weiss, S. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

While the role of individual characteristics has been examined for extramarital sexual involvement, the literature has yet to document personal factors associated with the termination of an affair. In doing so, this study examines the impact of a woman's sex role attributes ("masculinity") and attitudes toward sex (erotophobia-erotophilia) on her decision to terminate an extramarital affair. Masculinity was not related to affair length. The more positive a woman's attitude toward sex, the longer she continued the extramarital relationship.

Author(s): 
Hurlbert, D. F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

Romantic jealousy is often experienced after a situation is interpreted as threatening to one's intimate relationship and can involve elements of other emotions such as anger, fear, and sadness. An individual experiencing jealousy may engage in a number of behaviors and thought processes aimed at reducing jealousy or keeping the relationship intact. However, these cognitions and behaviors may not achieve either of these goals and may escalate problems in the relationship.

Author(s): 
Cano, A.
O'Leary, K. D.
Publication Title: 
Family Process

Relationships between patterns of extradyadic involvement (EDI) and adult attachment were examined separately with undergraduates and community adults reporting prior EDI. Those with fearful or preoccupied styles reported more intimacy motivations for EDI, and undergraduates with these styles also reported more self-esteem motivations. Conversely, those with a dismissive style reported more autonomy motivations for EDI. Those with a fearful attachment style reported ambivalence about intimacy in the EDI.

Author(s): 
Allen, Elizabeth S.
Baucom, Donald H.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Polska

AIM: The aim of this study was to illustrate opinions on the subject of sex life among students of the Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gda?sk. METHOD: A group of 340 medical students aged 18 to 28 (195 females and 118 males) were examined with the study questionnaire from October till December 2003. The examined group was representative for the investigated population (chi squared test: p> 0.005 for the entire group and both sexes). 313 questionnaires were qualified for further analysis.

Author(s): 
Wichowicz, Hubert M.
Cuba?a, Wies?aw Jerzy
Grabowski, Karol

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