Fabaceae

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Clitoria ternatea L. (CT) (Family: Fabaceae) commonly known as 'Butterfly pea', a traditional Ayurvedic medicine, has been used for centuries as a memory enhancer, nootropic, antistress, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, tranquilizing and sedative agent. A wide range of secondary metabolites including triterpenoids, flavonol glycosides, anthocyanins and steroids has been isolated from Clitoria ternatea Linn.

Author(s): 
Mukherjee, Pulok K.
Kumar, Venkatesan
Kumar, N. Satheesh
Heinrich, Micheal
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: In studies from Italy and Greece, a Mediterranean dietary pattern was shown to favorably affect life expectancy in the elderly population. This pattern is thought to reduce the risk of cancer in addition to being cardioprotective.

Author(s): 
Lasheras, C.
Fernandez, S.
Patterson, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD

Mortality statistics from the World Health Organization have provided early evidence that diet in the Mediterranean countries has been affecting the health of the respective populations and, in particular, their coronary health. Keys (1) has taken the lead arguing that the traditional Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects on health. Recent studies, capturing the evidence accumulated over the last three decades, have documented that the traditional Mediterranean diet meets several important criteria for a healthy diet.

Author(s): 
Trichopoulou, A.
Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

To identify protective dietary predictors amongst long-lived elderly people (N= 785), the "Food Habits in Later Life "(FHILL) study was undertaken among five cohorts in Japan, Sweden, Greece and Australia. Between 1988 and 1991, baseline data on food intakes were collected. There were 785 participants aged 70 and over that were followed up to seven years.

Author(s): 
Darmadi-Blackberry, Irene
Wahlqvist, Mark L.
Kouris-Blazos, Antigone
Steen, Bertil
Lukito, Widjaja
Horie, Yoshimitsu
Horie, Kazuyo
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

BACKGROUND: Despite many studies on cognitive function and its influential factors among old population, relatively little research has been designed to study the relationship between dietary intake and cognitive function in elderly. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a population-based, prospective nested case-control study to investigate the association between dietary habits and declines in cognitive function over three years among Chinese illiterate elderly. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was part of the Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Study (CLHLS).

Author(s): 
Chen, X.
Huang, Y.
Cheng, H. G.
Publication Title: 
BioFactors (Oxford, England)

Natural leaves and flowers containing numerous aroma chemicals are widely used in aromatherapy since ancient times. In addition to their pleasant smells, aroma chemicals might have some beneficial health effects. Aroma extracts, isolated from coffee beans, soybeans, and mung beans by steam distillation under mild conditions (55 degrees C and 85 mm Hg) were examined for their antioxidative activities. The inhibitory effect of these extracts toward hexanal/hexanoic acid conversion was measured in the testing solution over prolonged time periods.

Author(s): 
Lee, K. G.
Mitchell, A.
Shibamoto, T.
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Dementia is a mental disorder characterized by loss of intellectual ability sufficiently severe enough to interfere with one's occupational or social activities. Desmodium gangeticum commonly known as Salparni, is widely used in ayurveda for the treatment of neurological disorders. The present work was designed to assess the potential of aqueous extract of D. gangeticum (DG) as a nootropic agent in mice. DG (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered for 7 successive days to both young and older mice.

Author(s): 
Joshi, Hanumanthachar
Parle, Milind
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

Various parts of Sesbania grandiflora have been used in the Indian system of medicine, in particular, the leaves of S. grandiflora are used in Ayurveda for the treatment of epileptic fits. In the present study we have evaluated the anticonvulsive activity of S. grandiflora leaves using a variety of animal models of convulsions. Bioassay guided separation was also carried out to identify the fraction possessing anticonvulsant activity.

Author(s): 
Kasture, Veena S.
Deshmukh, V. K.
Chopde, C. T.
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Dementia is a mental disorder characterized by loss of intellectual ability sufficiently severe enough to interfere with one's occupational or social activities. Desmodium gangeticum commonly known as Salparni, is widely used in ayurveda for the treatment of neurological disorders. The present work was designed to assess the potential of aqueous extract of D. gangeticum (DG) as a nootropic agent in mice. DG (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered for 7 successive days to both young and older mice.

Author(s): 
Joshi, Hanumanthachar
Parle, Milind
Publication Title: 
Planta Medica

Desmodium gangeticum is widely used in the indigenous system of medicine in India and is reported to contain flavone and isoflavonoid glycosides. It forms the ingredient of many Ayurvedic formulations used for diabetes. The present study was thus aimed at evaluating the insulin secretion and antidiabetic activity of Desmodium gangeticum. Treatment of diabetic rats with aerial parts of D. gangeticum extract (DG, 100 and 250 mg/kg body weight) for 3 weeks showed a significant reduction in blood glucose. D.

Author(s): 
Govindarajan, Raghavan
Asare-Anane, Henry
Persaud, Shanta
Jones, Peter
Houghton, Peter J.

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