Facial Muscles

Publication Title: 
Aesthetic Surgery Journal

BACKGROUND: Although aesthetic correction of facial aging had long been the exclusive domain of plastic surgeons and dermatologists, alternative nonmedical approaches to facial rejuvenation are becoming more popular, such as facial acupuncture, facial acupressure, and facial exercises. However, the effectiveness of these alternative approaches is still a topic of debate. OBJECTIVES: The authors review the evidence of the effectiveness of facial exercises for facial rejuvenation.

Author(s): 
Van Borsel, John
De Vos, Marie-Camille
Bastiaansen, Karen
Welvaert, Jaira
Lambert, Jo
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) is commonly treated by various physical therapy strategies and devices, but there are many questions about their efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate physical therapies for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial palsy).

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Lázaro J.
Valbuza, Juliana S.
Prado, Gilmar F.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Facial spasm is one of the common facial diseases, especially in the aged. It is mostly characterized by initially progressive, involuntary, irregular, recurrent, clonic, or tonic movements of muscles innervated by the facial nerve on one side. Acupuncture is a low-risk treatment with purported claims of effectiveness for facial spasm. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of acupuncture in facial spasm comprehensively.

Author(s): 
Wang, Qiang-ping
Bai, Min
Lei, Ding
Publication Title: 
Aesthetic Surgery Journal

BACKGROUND: Although aesthetic correction of facial aging had long been the exclusive domain of plastic surgeons and dermatologists, alternative nonmedical approaches to facial rejuvenation are becoming more popular, such as facial acupuncture, facial acupressure, and facial exercises. However, the effectiveness of these alternative approaches is still a topic of debate. OBJECTIVES: The authors review the evidence of the effectiveness of facial exercises for facial rejuvenation.

Author(s): 
Van Borsel, John
De Vos, Marie-Camille
Bastiaansen, Karen
Welvaert, Jaira
Lambert, Jo
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

The physical therapy (PT) associated with standard drug treatment (SDT) in Bell palsy has never been investigated. Randomized controlled trials or quasirandomized controlled trials have compared facial PT (except treatments such as acupuncture and osteopathic) combined with SDT against a control group with SDT alone. Participants included those older than 15 yrs with a clinical diagnosis of Bell palsy, and the primary outcome measure was motor function recovery by the House-Brackmann scale.

Author(s): 
Ferreira, Margarida
Marques, Elisa E.
Duarte, José A.
Santos, Paula C.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Bauer, K. E.
McCanne, T. R.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

This study investigated the roles of hypnotizability and hypnosis in suggested emotional numbing. Thirty-two high hypnotizable and 32 low hypnotizable participants were administered either a hypnotic or wake induction and were then presented with emotionally distressing and neutral images during a suggestion for emotional numbing or a control condition. Emotional response was indexed through self-report and EMG corrugator-muscle activity.

Author(s): 
Bryant, Richard A.
Kapur, Amrita
Publication Title: 
Aesthetic Surgery Journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

BACKGROUND: Although aesthetic correction of facial aging had long been the exclusive domain of plastic surgeons and dermatologists, alternative nonmedical approaches to facial rejuvenation are becoming more popular, such as facial acupuncture, facial acupressure, and facial exercises. However, the effectiveness of these alternative approaches is still a topic of debate. OBJECTIVES: The authors review the evidence of the effectiveness of facial exercises for facial rejuvenation.

Author(s): 
Van Borsel, John
De Vos, Marie-Camille
Bastiaansen, Karen
Welvaert, Jaira
Lambert, Jo
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: While numerous measures are available to assist physicians in assessing patients with cerebral palsy, there is a paucity of instruments that capture data relevant to osteopathic assessment. The lack of such tools limits the reach of research in key osteopathic indicators. METHODS: A structured objective form designed to assist osteopathic physicians in the evaluation of fascial restriction, restriction of spinal motion, and muscle spasticity was developed for use during osteopathic musculoskeletal structural examinations.

Author(s): 
Davis, Melinda F.
Worden, Katherine
Clawson, Diane
Meaney, F. John
Duncan, Burris
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: Case reports and clinical trials have indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may improve motor function and quality of life for children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of osteopathy in the cranial field, myofascial release, or both versus acupuncture in children with moderate to severe spastic cerebral palsy, as measured by several outcomes instruments in a randomized controlled trial.

Author(s): 
Duncan, Burris
McDonough-Means, Sharon
Worden, Katherine
Schnyer, Rosa
Andrews, Jennifer
Meaney, F. John

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