Faculty

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

OBJECTIVE: A systematic search and critical appraisal of interdisciplinary literature was conducted to evaluate the evidence for practicing mindfulness to treat job burnout and to explore implications for occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: Eight articles met inclusion criteria. Each study was assessed for quality using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. We used the U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research guidelines to determine strength of evidence.

Author(s): 
Luken, Michelle
Sammons, Amanda
Publication Title: 
Applied Psychology. Health and Well-Being

The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the Basic Psychological Needs at Work Scale (BPNWS) in French, but items are also provided in English in the article. The BPNWS is a work-related self-report instrument designed to measure the degree to which the needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as identified by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), are satisfied at work. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, the first study examines the structure of the BPNWS in a group of 271 workers.

Author(s): 
Brien, Maryse
Forest, Jacques
Mageau, GeneviËve A.
Boudrias, Jean-SÈbastien
Desrumaux, Pascale
Brunet, Luc
Morin, Estelle M.
Publication Title: 
Attachment & Human Development

Adolescents' capacities to negotiate sexual behavior in romantic relationships have important implications for their reproductive and health outcomes. This study examined adolescents' interactions with teachers and attachment states of mind as predictors of their romantic involvement and risky sexual behavior in an economically disadvantaged sample. Negative interactions with teachers predicted increased sexual risk-taking behaviors and females' early romantic involvement.

Author(s): 
Kobak, Roger
Herres, Joanna
Gaskins, Clare
Laurenceau, Jean-Philippe
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

A key insight from investigations of individual relative deprivation (IRD) is that people can experience objective disadvantages differently. In this study, university faculty (N = 953) who reported greater IRD in response to a mandatory furlough (i.e., involuntary pay reductions) were more likely to (a) voice options designed to improve the university (voice), (b) consider leaving their job (exit), and (c) neglect their work responsibilities (neglect), but were (d) less likely to express loyalty to the university (loyalty).

Author(s): 
Osborne, Danny
Smith, Heather J.
Huo, Yuen J.
Publication Title: 
Anatomical Sciences Education

Many anatomy programs that incorporate dissection of donated human bodies hold memorial ceremonies of gratitude towards body donors. The content of these ceremonies may include learners' reflections on mortality, respect, altruism, and personal growth told through various humanities modalities. The task of planning is usually student- and faculty-led with participation from other health care students. Objective information on current memorial ceremonies for body donors in anatomy programs in the United States appears to be lacking.

Author(s): 
Jones, Trahern W.
Lachman, Nirusha
Pawlina, Wojciech
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship

Within the last two decades the holistic care of patients has become increasingly important to nurse practitioners and educators. This has led to a move from a wholly biological approach to care to one that requires greater moral reasoning and value judgments by practitioners. There is a significant body of literature suggesting that values developed by students throughout their education can be affected to varying degrees by the nurse educators to whom the student is exposed. Yet, there is a dearth of research into what the values held by such nurse educators may be.

Author(s): 
Haigh, Carol
Johnson, Martin
Publication Title: 
Medical Teacher

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study examined attitudes toward professionalism in an academic medical center. The paper will describe the development and factorial validity of an instrument to measure attitudes toward professionalism in medical education among students, residents and faculty. METHODS: A factor analysis of the intercorrelations of responses to 36 items reflecting the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) elements of professionalism for a sample of 765 medical students, residents and faculty was carried out. Data were collected during the spring of 2004.

Author(s): 
Blackall, George F.
Melnick, Steven A.
Shoop, Glenda H.
George, John
Lerner, Susan M.
Wilson, Philip K.
Pees, Richard C.
Kreher, Margaret
Publication Title: 
BMC research notes

BACKGROUND: An increased interest in professionalism has been reported in the field of medical education due to concerns regarding deterioration of humanism and professional values in the teaching and practice of medicine. The primary aim of this study was to assess attitudes of Pakistani and Pakistani heritage students at a medical college in Pakistan about important elements of professionalism that an ideal medical doctor should possess. A further objective of the study was to determine students' preferred ways of learning professionalism.

Author(s): 
Akhund, Saima
Shaikh, Zulfiqar Ali
Ali, Syed Arif
Publication Title: 
Anatomical Sciences Education

Many anatomy programs that incorporate dissection of donated human bodies hold memorial ceremonies of gratitude towards body donors. The content of these ceremonies may include learners' reflections on mortality, respect, altruism, and personal growth told through various humanities modalities. The task of planning is usually student- and faculty-led with participation from other health care students. Objective information on current memorial ceremonies for body donors in anatomy programs in the United States appears to be lacking.

Author(s): 
Jones, Trahern W.
Lachman, Nirusha
Pawlina, Wojciech
Publication Title: 
The Spanish Journal of Psychology

The present study examines the psychometric properties (including factorial validity) of an organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) scale in a school context. A total of 321 middle and high school teachers from 59 schools in urban and rural areas of central Portugal completed the OCB scale at their schools. The confirmatory factor analysis validated a hierarchical model with four latent factors on the first level (altruism, conscientiousness, civic participation and courtesy) and a second order factor (OCB). The revised model fit with the data, ?

Author(s): 
Neves, Paula C.
Paix„o, Rui
Alarc„o, Madalena
Gomes, A. Duarte

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Faculty