Feces

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

The idea that putrefaction of the stools causes disease, i.e., intestinal autointoxication, originated with physicians in ancient Egypt. They believed that a putrefactive principle associated with feces was absorbed in to the general circulation, where it acted to produce fever and pus. This description of the materia peccans represented the earliest forerunner of our present notion of endotoxin and its effect.

Author(s): 
Chen, T. S.
Chen, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Research

C57BL/6J mice carrying the Min allele of Adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) develop numerous adenomas along the entire length of the intestine and consequently die at an early age. This short lifespan would prevent the accumulation of somatic genetic mutations or epigenetic alterations necessary for tumor progression. To overcome this limitation, we generated F(1) Apc(Min/+) hybrids by crossing C57BR/cdcJ and SWR/J females to C57BL/6J Apc(Min/+) males. These hybrids developed few intestinal tumors and often lived longer than 1 year.

Author(s): 
Halberg, Richard B.
Waggoner, Jesse
Rasmussen, Kristen
White, Alanna
Clipson, Linda
Prunuske, Amy J.
Bacher, Jeffery W.
Sullivan, Ruth
Washington, Mary Kay
Pitot, Henry C.
Petrini, John H. J.
Albertson, Donna G.
Dove, William F.
Publication Title: 
Nutrients

The US has a pet population of approximately 70 million dogs and 74 million cats. Humans have developed a strong emotional bond with companion animals. As a consequence, pet owners seek ways to improve health, quality of life and longevity of their pets. Advances in canine and feline nutrition have contributed to improved longevity and well-being. Dietary fibers have gained renewed interest in the pet food industry, due to their important role in affecting laxation and stool quality.

Author(s): 
de Godoy, Maria R. C.
Kerr, Katherine R.
Fahey, George C.
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

A group of 110 individuals with Schistosoma mansoni infection was investigated. Patients were allocated to one of three treatment groups and given artesunate or praziquantel alone or both in combination. Combined artesunate-praziquantel significantly increased the number of individuals cured at 5 weeks post-treatment, but at 12 weeks was only better than artesunate alone and at 24 weeks there was no statistically significant difference between the three groups. Egg count reduction rate was similar to the rate obtained with praziquantel used alone.

Author(s): 
De Clercq, D.
Vercruysse, J.
Verlé, P.
Kongs, A.
Diop, M.
Publication Title: 
Revista De Saúde Pública

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intramuscular injection of artemether in mice experimentally infected with Schistosoma mansoni, at the time of infection, during schistosomula maturation and after the beginning of egg-laying. METHODS: Eighty adult females Balb/c mice were divided into 8 groups with 10 animals each. Seven groups were infected with S. mansoni using 60 cercariae for each animal, inoculated subcutaneously, and the remaining group was maintained without infection.

Author(s): 
Lescano, Susana Zevallos
Chieffi, Pedro Paulo
Canhassi, Rosa Regina
Boulos, Marcos
Amato Neto, Vicente
Publication Title: 
PLoS neglected tropical diseases

BACKGROUND: Fascioliasis is an emerging zoonotic disease of considerable veterinary and public health importance. Triclabendazole is the only available drug for treatment. Laboratory studies have documented promising fasciocidal properties of the artemisinins (e.g., artemether). METHODOLOGY: We carried out two exploratory phase-2 trials to assess the efficacy and safety of oral artemether administered at (i) 6×80 mg over 3 consecutive days, and (ii) 3×200 mg within 24 h in 36 Fasciola-infected individuals in Egypt.

Author(s): 
Keiser, Jennifer
Sayed, Hanan
el-Ghanam, Maged
Sabry, Hoda
Anani, Saad
el-Wakeel, Aly
Hatz, Christoph
Utzinger, Jürg
el-Din, Sayed Seif
el-Maadawy, Walaa
Botros, Sanaa
Publication Title: 
Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

INTRODUCTION: The distribution of both malaria and schistosomiasis exhibits a large geographical overlap in tropical environments, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. This part of the world currently harbours more than 85% of the estimated global burden of these diseases. Studies showed that artemisinin derivatives used for the treatment of malaria also have an antischistosomal effect.

Author(s): 
Abay, Solomon M.
Tilahun, Mulugeta
Fikrie, Nigus
Habtewold, Abiy
Publication Title: 
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

The roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra, Withania somnifera, Asparagus racemosus, and Chlorophytum borivilianum and seeds of Sesamum indicum are ayurvedic medicinal plants used in India to treat several ailments. Our previous studies indicated that these plants possess hypolipidemic and antioxidant potential. The present study was aimed at investigating the composite effects of these plants on hypercholesterolemic rats.

Author(s): 
Visavadiya, Nishant P.
Narasimhacharya, A. V. R. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Pippali Rasayana (PR), an Indian ayurvedic drug prepared from Palash (Butea monosperma (Lamk) Kuntze; Leguminaceae) and Pippali (Piper longum L.; Piperaceae), was administered at a dose of 1 g p.o. three times daily for a period of 15 days to patients (25 treated, 25 placebo controls) suffering from giardiasis with clinical signs and symptoms, and stools positive for trophozoites/cysts of Giardia lamblia. After 15 days of drug treatment there was a complete disappearance of G. lamblia (trophozoites/cysts) from the stools of 23 out of 25 patients.

Author(s): 
Agarwal, A. K.
Tripathi, D. M.
Sahai, R.
Gupta, N.
Saxena, R. P.
Puri, A.
Singh, M.
Misra, R. N.
Dubey, C. B.
Saxena, K. C.
Publication Title: 
BioFactors (Oxford, England)

Roots and bark from plants belonging to genus Salacia of the family Hippocrateaceae (Salacia reticulata, Salacia oblonga, etc.) have been used for traditional Ayurvedic medicine, particularly for the treatment of diabetes. In our study, we evaluated the gene expression profiles in the small intestinal epithelium of rats that were given a Salacia plant extract to gain insight into its effects on the small intestine. In detail, DNA microarray analysis was performed to evaluate the gene expression profiles in the rat ileal epithelium.

Author(s): 
Oda, Yuriko
Ueda, Fumitaka
Kamei, Asuka
Kakinuma, Chihaya
Abe, Keiko

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