Fluid Therapy

Publication Title: 
Journal of Critical Care

PURPOSE: Sepsis and severe sepsis are the most common cause of death among critically ill patients admitted in medical intensive care units. As more than one-third of the adult population of the United States is obese; we undertook a systematic review of the association between obesity and mortality among patients admitted with sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify pertinent studies using a comprehensive search strategy. Studies reporting mortality in obese patients admitted with sepsis were identified.

Author(s): 
Trivedi, Vrinda
Bavishi, Chirag
Jean, Raymonde
Publication Title: 
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a positive treatment effect of individualized homeopathic treatment for acute childhood diarrhea, but sample sizes were small and results were just at or near the level of statistical significance. Because all three studies followed the same basic study design, the combined data from these three studies were analyzed to obtain greater statistical power. METHODS: Three double blind clinical trials of diarrhea in 242 children ages 6 months to 5 years were analyzed as 1 group.

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Jennifer
Jonas, Wayne B.
Jiménez-Pérez, Margarita
Crothers, Dean
Publication Title: 
NeuroRehabilitation

A wide range of medical, legal and ethical opinion regarding withholding or withdrawing medically assisted nutrition and hydration (ANH) from vegetative state (VS) and persistent vegetative state patients (PVS) has been presented in professional journals over the past twenty years. This article concerns the moral aspects of this debate as it has developed within the Catholic Church, especially in the United States.

Author(s): 
McMahon, Kevin T.
Publication Title: 
Issues in Law & Medicine

On March 20, 2004, Pope John Paul II issued a statement to the International Conference on "Life Sustaining Treatments and Vegetative State: Scientific and Ethical Dilemmas" on the provision of food and water to patients in a "vegetative state." The purpose of this allocution was to promote and protect the dignity of patients, even when they are in a seriously ill and disabled state. To promote the dignity of these patients, the Pope explicitly stated that "quality of life judgments" were not to be applied to the administration of nutrition and fluids.

Author(s): 
Barry, Robert
Publication Title: 
Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira Para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa Em Cirurgia

PURPOSE: To evaluate and describe immediate effects of the infusion of saline solution heated by SAF in bitches submitted to halothane anesthesia. METHODS: Thirteen bitches were employed and submitted to elective ovariohysterectomy in acclimatized operating room at 22 degrees C, allocated in two groups: GI, which received non-heated fluid and GII, which received fluid heated at 37 degrees C by SAF.

Author(s): 
Atayde, Ingrid Bueno
Franco, Leandro Guimarães
Silva, Marco Augusto Machado
Soares, Lorena Karine
Bittencourt, João Bosco
Fioravanti, Maria Clorinda Soares
Borges, Alinne Cardoso
Silva, Luiz Antônio Franco da
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

A study undertaken in Nepal collected information on believed causes of diarrhoea and traditional treatments. Natural causes for diarrhoea were more frequently reported than supernatural causes, the most important being teething (75% of respondents reporting it to be a cause) followed by food considered to be 'cold' in the Hindu ayurvedic classification (57.5%), stale food (52.5%), hot food (41%) and dirty water (38%). The terminology reported for dehydration however, indicates strong links with supernatural causes.

Author(s): 
Stapleton, M. C.
Publication Title: 
Resuscitation

Recent studies have shown the potential adverse effects of venous volume loading on blood flow during closed chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). To examine the effect of arterial and venous infusions, we employed a published computer simulation of the circulation during CPR. This model uses computer simulated electrical networks to model the heart and great vessels. CPR was modeled with compressions at a rate of 80/min and a force of 80 mmHg.

Author(s): 
Tomaszewski, C. A.
Meador, S. A.
Publication Title: 
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a positive treatment effect of individualized homeopathic treatment for acute childhood diarrhea, but sample sizes were small and results were just at or near the level of statistical significance. Because all three studies followed the same basic study design, the combined data from these three studies were analyzed to obtain greater statistical power. METHODS: Three double blind clinical trials of diarrhea in 242 children ages 6 months to 5 years were analyzed as 1 group.

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Jennifer
Jonas, Wayne B.
Jiménez-Pérez, Margarita
Crothers, Dean
Publication Title: 
European Urology

CONTEXT: Although numerous trials have evaluated efficacy of diet, fluid, or supplement interventions for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis, few are included in previous systematic reviews or referenced in recent nephrolithiasis management guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy and safety of diet, fluid, or supplement interventions for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Systematic review and meta-analysis of trials published January 1950 to March 2008. Sources included Medline and bibliographies of retrieved articles.

Author(s): 
Fink, Howard A.
Akornor, Joseph W.
Garimella, Pranav S.
MacDonald, Rod
Cutting, Andrea
Rutks, Indulis R.
Monga, Manoj
Wilt, Timothy J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Headache and Pain

Cervical spine manipulation has been associated with several disorders such as cervical arteries dissection, but rarely has a relationship with intracranial hypotension been reported. We describe a patient showing intracranial hypotension syndrome following chiropractic cervical spine treatment. Magnetic resonance showed the presence of dural leakage at cervical level, suggesting the pathogenesis of the syndrome. We state that cervical spine manipulation should be considered a treatment with risk of neurological complications, including the occurrence of intracranial hypotension.

Author(s): 
Morelli, Nicola
Gallerini, Simone
Gori, Sara
Chiti, Alberto
Cosottini, Mirco
Orlandi, Giovanni
Murri, Luigi

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