Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
INTRODUCTION: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is a common complaint, yet there are no definitive guidelines for its treatment. Acupuncture is increasingly used by podiatrists, and there is a need for evidence to validate this practice. It is acknowledged that PHP and acupuncture are both complex phenomena. METHOD: A systematic review (PROSPERO no. CRD42012001881) of the effectiveness of acupuncture for PHP is presented.
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of flatfoot by an adult is thought to primarily be caused by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, although some other causes, such as congenital flexible flatfoot or an accessory navicular, may also be responsible. The objective of this study was to evaluate the bone rotation of each joint in the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) and compare the response in healthy feet with that in flat feet by analyzing the reconstructive three-dimensional (3D) CT image data during weightbearing.
This paper presents a review of the literature of various modes of physical therapy available to the podiatrist. Included are superficial and deep heating agents, applications of cold, and massage. Their methods of application, physiological responses, indications, and contraindications are discussed.
Foot reflexology is both a diagnostic technique and therapy. It is an alternative therapy which is considered useful in pain management. Its effectiveness as a therapy has been studied at the Mestre hospital where a clinical study has been undertaken to determine the effectiveness of reflexology in the reduction of pain. A group of 40 persons suffering almost exclusively from a lumbar-sacral disc hernia received three treatments of reflexology massage for a week. The results found that 25 persons (62.5%) reported a reduction in pain, (rating at 0.75 on a scale of 0-4).
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Two cases are reported in which patients presented with complaints of foot pain, and a clinical suspicion of radiculopathy was supported by current perception threshold testing. Chiropractic manipulation of the lumbar spine resulted in alleviation of the lower extremity symptoms. Current perception threshold testing is a valuable neurologic testing modality that is noninvasive, nonaversive, and highly reliable for evaluation of sensory nerves where neuropathy is suspected.
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
OBJECTIVE: To report a method of radiographically assessing the presence of the posterior calcaneus subluxation involved in cases of unresponsive plantar fasciitis. Complete resolution of pain occurred following short lever manipulative procedures directed at the calcaneus. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two cases of plantar fasciitis which previously had received comprehensive podiatric treatment were referred for chiropractic assessment. Bilateral radiographs of the lateral feet were compared.
There has been increasing acceptance and development of manual methods in providing for the needs of patients with musculoskeletal dysfunction. Several professions have helped fuel this growth, including the chiropractic profession. To date, there has been only a small amount of collaboration between chiropractors and physical therapists. This paper provides a base foundation for one small part of general chiropractic practice, i.e. procedures used for manipulating the foot.