Fractures, Bone

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after ankle fracture can begin soon after the fracture has been treated by the use of different types of immobilisation which allow early commencement of weight-bearing or exercise. Alternatively, rehabilitation may start following the period of immobilisation, with physical or manual therapies. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions following ankle fracture in adults.

Author(s): 
Lin, Chung-Wei Christine
Moseley, Anne M.
Refshauge, Kathryn M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after ankle fracture can begin soon after the fracture has been treated, either surgically or non-surgically, by the use of different types of immobilisation that allow early commencement of weight-bearing or exercise. Alternatively, rehabilitation, including the use of physical or manual therapies, may start following the period of immobilisation. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of rehabilitation interventions following conservative or surgical treatment of ankle fractures in adults.

Author(s): 
Lin, Chung-Wei Christine
Donkers, Nicole A. J.
Refshauge, Kathryn M.
Beckenkamp, Paula R.
Khera, Kriti
Moseley, Anne M.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Eighty-two people dating from 1975 to 1879 compared with 182 modern middle-class White and Black skeletons test the myths of radical changes produced by improved diet, less disease, and nineteenth century immigration. Longevity increases and health and growth improvement is clearest in reduced juvenile deaths (census data) and deepening of true pelvis. Stature increase is minimal (though seventeenth century Londoners and modern West Africans are shorter than Colonial to Modern Americans); teeth deteriorate and for cultural reasons fractures increase. Clavicles and forearms elongate.

Author(s): 
Angel, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tea and coffee, after water, are the most commonly consumed beverages in the world and are the top sources of caffeine and antioxidant polyphenols in the American diet. The purpose of this review is to assess the health effects of chronic tea and/or coffee consumption. RECENT FINDINGS: Tea consumption, especially green tea, is associated with significantly reduced risks for stroke, diabetes and depression, and improved levels of glucose, cholesterol, abdominal obesity and blood pressure.

Author(s): 
Bhatti, Salman K.
O'Keefe, James H.
Lavie, Carl J.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
LeHew, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Minerva Ortopedica
Author(s): 
Vannoni, S.
Brugnoli, A.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Hypnosis has been used in numerous medical applications for functional and psychological improvement, but has been inadequately tested for anatomical healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a hypnotic intervention accelerates bodily tissue healing using bone fracture healing as a site-specific test. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass, and McLean Hospital, Belmont, Mass.

Author(s): 
Ginandes, C. S.
Rosenthal, D. I.
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

Despite the availability of specialized treatments for chronic pain, including biofeedback training, relaxation training, and hypnotic treatment, most physicians rely on the traditional approaches of surgery or pharmacotherapy. The patient in this case study had severe and chronic pain but found little relief from pain medications that also caused side effects. She then took the initiative to learn and practice self-hypnosis with good results. Her physician in the resident's internal medicine clinic supported her endeavor and encouraged her to continue self-hypnosis.

Author(s): 
Nickelson, C.
Brende, J. O.
Gonzalez, J.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after ankle fracture can begin soon after the fracture has been treated by the use of different types of immobilisation which allow early commencement of weight-bearing or exercise. Alternatively, rehabilitation may start following the period of immobilisation, with physical or manual therapies. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions following ankle fracture in adults.

Author(s): 
Lin, Chung-Wei Christine
Moseley, Anne M.
Refshauge, Kathryn M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

This case series evaluated the use of virtual reality hypnosis (VRH) for the treatment of pain associated with multiple fractures from traumatic injuries. VRH treatment was administered on 2 consecutive days, and pain and anxiety were assessed each day before and after VRH treatment as well as on Day 3, which was 24 hours after the second treatment session. Pain reduction from baseline to Day 3 was from 70% to 30%, despite opioid analgesic use remaining stable.

Author(s): 
Teeley, Aubriana M.
Soltani, Maryam
Wiechman, Shelley A.
Jensen, Mark P.
Sharar, Sam R.
Patterson, David R.

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