Free Association

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

At the beginning of the twentieth century Freud and Pavlov made complementary theoretical splits in their observational field. This splitting initiated a dialectical interaction that tended to polarize the Freudian mental world of insight and the psyche against the Pavlovian outer world of learning theories and the soma. The 1950s saw an exaggerated polarization between strict behaviorists and "classical" psychoanalysts. The linkage of ideas of therapeutic action with metapsychology also dates from Freud and is briefly illustrated.

Author(s): 
Whitehead, C. C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

The roles of the archaic loving and hating introjects are traced in the early scientific romances and the life work of H.G. Wells. The preambivalent polarization of the early loving introjects of an archaic ego ideal (giving rise to utopian fantasies and, later, to promulgations of a new world state) and the early hostile introjects of an archaic superego (giving rise to fears of death and, later, to fears of cosmic dissolution) is represented in eschatological preoccupations with death, the Last Judgment, heaven and hell.

Author(s): 
Parkin, A.
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica
Author(s): 
Ermentini, A.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Wijesinghe, B.
Publication Title: 
Psychoanalytic Review

This study described the procedure, the theoretical rationale, and clinical material relating to the hypnotic recalling of dreams during periods of protracted "dreamless" analyses. Two clinical examples were used to demonstrate the efficacy of using a special hypnotic procedure close to the analytic free-association method for the remembering or recalling the dreams. Discussion of the clinical material found: 1. the main factors contributing to a "dreamless" analysis were to be found in the transference-countertransference resistances of the analysis; 2.

Author(s): 
Calogeras, R. C.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

The present study describes the responses of cortisol, prolactin and growth hormone (GH) to emotions elicited during sessions in which an hypnoidal state was induced. The purpose of the study was to provide answers for the following questions: 1) Do sessions with an emotional content have more hormonal surges than baseline, relaxation-only, sessions? 2) Does the induction of a fantasy of pregnancy and nursing elicit a prolactin response? 3) Are there any associations between surges of different hormones?

Author(s): 
Sobrinho, L. G.
Simões, M.
Barbosa, L.
Raposo, J. F.
Pratas, S.
Fernandes, P. L.
Santos, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Consciousness and Cognition

Following a hypnotic amnesia suggestion, highly hypnotically suggestible subjects may experience amnesia for events. Is there a failure to retrieve the material concerned from autobiographical (episodic) memory, or is it retrieved but blocked from consciousness? Highly hypnotically suggestible subjects produced free-associates to a list of concrete nouns. They were then given an amnesia suggestion for that episode followed by another free association list, which included 15 critical words that had been previously presented.

Author(s): 
Smith, Caleb Henry
Oakley, David A.
Morton, John
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

Reviews the book, Freedom in meditation by Patricia Carrington (see record 1977-26897-000). Through this book the author clearly defines her terms, making important distinctions between meditation and hypnosis, free association, progressive relaxation, and prayer. Anyone who reads the book will come away knowing a great deal of useful information about meditation. The title is promotional and misleading. The writing is easily understandable but uninspired. For all the talk about how meditation makes things flow, the book doesn't.

Author(s): 
Older, Jules
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