Fungi

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The literature on the applications of homeopathy for controlling plant diseases in both plant pathological models and field trials was first reviewed by Scofield in 1984. No other review on homeopathy in plant pathology has been published since, though much new research has subsequently been carried out using more advanced methods. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an up-to-date review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy using phytopathological models and experiments in the field.

Author(s): 
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Majewsky, Vera
Scherr, Claudia
Shah-Rossi, Devika
Jäger, Tim
Baumgartner, Stephan
Publication Title: 
Bioresource Technology

Modified solid-state fermentation (MSSF) of tannin-rich substrate yielding tannase and gallic acid was carried out using a co-culture of the filamentous fungi, Rhizopus oryzae (RO IIT RB-13, NRRL 21498) and Aspergillus foetidus (GMRB013 MTCC 3557). Powdered fruits of Terminalia chebula and powdered pod cover of Caesalpinia digyna was used in the process and the different process parameters for maximum production of tannase and gallic acid by co-culture method were optimized through media engineering. MSSF was carried out at the optimum conditions of 30 degrees C and 80% relative humidity.

Author(s): 
Banerjee, Rintu
Mukherjee, Gargi
Patra, Krushna Chandra
Publication Title: 
Microbial Ecology

The paper explores fungal infection and aflatoxin B1 contamination of six medicinal plant samples viz. Adhatoda vasica Nees, Asparagus racemosus Linn., Evolvulus alsinoides Linn., Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn., Plumbago zeylanica Linn. and Terminalia chebula Retz. A total of 858 fungal isolates were detected from the raw materials. Maximum number of fungal isolates was detected from A. racemosus (228). The genus Aspergillus was found to be the most dominant genus causing infection to most of the raw materials. Among the 32 isolates of A.

Author(s): 
Singh, Priyanka
Srivastava, Bhawana
Kumar, Ashok
Dubey, N. K.
Publication Title: 
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Calorie restriction is the first and most compelling example of life extension in mammals. Much speculation about how CR works has focused on ideas of what causes aging. Since these causes themselves are much disputed, I have instead focused my thinking on lessons from simple model organisms, which have emerged from recent genetic studies. These findings can now be integrated with numerous, elegant studies on CR over the decades, which provide a treasure trove of information about physiological changes that are elicited by this regimen.

Author(s): 
Guarente, Leonard
Publication Title: 
Biology Letters

Resveratrol has shown evidence of decreasing cancer incidence, heart disease, metabolic syndrome and neural degeneration in animal studies. However, the effects on longevity are mixed. We aimed to quantify the current knowledge of life extension from resveratrol. We used meta-analytic techniques to assess the effect resveratrol has on survival, using data from 19 published papers, including six species: yeast, nematodes, mice, fruitflies, Mexican fruitflies and turquoise killifish. Overall, our results indicate that resveratrol acts as a life-extending agent.

Author(s): 
Hector, Katie L.
Lagisz, Malgorzata
Nakagawa, Shinichi
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Adiantum Linn. of Adiantaceae family is one of the most common and widely distributed species. Ethnomedicinally, the genus is important and popularly known as "Hansraj" in Ayurvedic System of Medicine. It has been used in cold, tumors of spleen, liver and other viscera, skin diseases, bronchitis and inflammatory diseases. It is also considered as tonic and diuretic. In the present study its four important species, i.e. Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adiantum peruvianum, Adiantum venustum and Adiantum caudatum were collected and extracted with methanol.

Author(s): 
Singh, Meenakshi
Singh, Neha
Khare, P. B.
Rawat, A. K. S.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: The roots of Plumbago zeylanica Linn. (Plumbaginaceae) are reputed to have a wide spectrum of therapeutic properties in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. They are useful in curing many ailments such as skin diseases, diarrhea, plague and leprosy. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at isolating, separating and evaluating the antimicrobial properties of compounds such as neoisoshinanolone and 1-epineo-isoshinanolone from the roots of P. zeylanica. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crude petroleum ether extract of roots of P.

Author(s): 
Jetty, Annapurna
Subhakar, Chennupati
Rajagopal, Duddumpudi
Jetty, Manasa
Subramanyam, Mukkamala
Marthanda Murthy, Madugula
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

BACKGROUND: Many widely used botanical medicines are claimed to be immune enhancers. Clear evidence of augmentation of immune responses in vivo is lacking in most cases. To select botanicals for further study based on immune enhancing activity, we study them here mixed with antigen and injected subcutaneously (s.c.). Globo H and GD3 are cell surface carbohydrates expressed on glycolipids or glycoproteins on the cell surface of many cancers. When conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), mixed with an immunological adjuvant and administered s.c.

Author(s): 
Ragupathi, Govind
Yeung, K. Simon
Leung, Ping-Chung
Lee, Mavis
Lau, Clara Bik San
Vickers, Andrew
Hood, Chandra
Deng, Gary
Cheung, Nai-Kong
Cassileth, Barrie
Livingston, Philip
Publication Title: 
Carbohydrate Research

Phytochemical investigation of the MeOH extract of Dioscorea villosa rhizomes resulted in the isolation of two new bidesmosidic cholestane steroid glycosides, dioscoreavillosides A and B (1 and 2). In addition, the extract yielded 12 previously known furostan and spirostan steroid glycosides (3-14), along with diosgenin (15). Compounds 3-7, 9, 14, and 15 were isolated for the first time from D. villosa. The structures of the isolated compounds were determined using spectroscopic and chemical methods including 1D and 2D NMR.

Author(s): 
Ali, Zulfiqar
Smillie, Troy J.
Khan, Ikhlas A.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The literature on the applications of homeopathy for controlling plant diseases in both plant pathological models and field trials was first reviewed by Scofield in 1984. No other review on homeopathy in plant pathology has been published since, though much new research has subsequently been carried out using more advanced methods. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an up-to-date review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy using phytopathological models and experiments in the field.

Author(s): 
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Majewsky, Vera
Scherr, Claudia
Shah-Rossi, Devika
Jäger, Tim
Baumgartner, Stephan

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