Gagging

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Gag reflex is an involuntary defence mechanism to protect the pharynx and throat from foreign objects. Gagging is a common problem encountered during dental treatment, which makes therapeutic procedures distressing and often difficult or even impossible to perform. Various interventions can be used to control the gag reflex; for example, anti-nausea medicines, sedatives, local and general anaesthetics, herbal remedies, behavioural therapies, acupressure, acupuncture, and prosthetic devices.

Author(s): 
Prashanti, Eachempati
Sumanth, Kumbargere N.
Renjith George, P.
Karanth, Laxminarayan
Soe, Htoo Htoo Kyaw
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Weyandt, J. A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa = Die Tydskrif Van Die Tandheelkundige Vereniging Van Suid-Afrika
Author(s): 
Rootenberg, S.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychosomatics: Official Publication of the International Psychosomatics Institute
Author(s): 
Morse, D. R.
Hancock, R. R.
Cohen, B. B.
Publication Title: 
Parodontologia e stomatologia (nuova): organo ufficiale dell'ARPA italiana, della Società italiana Jonoforesi stomatologica e della Accademia ligustica di stomatologia
Author(s): 
Romagnoli, E.
Poggi, W.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Eli, I.
Kleinhauz, M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Clarke, J. H.
Persichetti, S. J.
Publication Title: 
Compendium (Newtown, Pa.)

This article will discuss the uses of hypnosis in selected dental situations. In certain cases, the verbalization of the dentist during the procedural steps will be condensed or referenced in the literature.

Author(s): 
Zach, G. A.
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal

Hypnosis is not a therapy, but can provide the clinician with a set of techniques which may be used to augment or facilitate a particular course of treatment. The importance of the patient's history and clinical findings in the diagnosis of intolerance to dentures and the selection of patients for hypnosis is discussed. Principles of treatment using relaxation, anxiety control, conditioning/desensitisation and confidence boosting techniques are described.

Author(s): 
Barsby, M. J.
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal
Author(s): 
Wilks, C. G.

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