Gait

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: In older adults, diminished balance is associated with reduced physical functioning and an increased risk of falling. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2007. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of exercise interventions on balance in older people, aged 60 and over, living in the community or in institutional care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 1), MEDLINE and EMBASE (to February 2011).

Author(s): 
Howe, Tracey E.
Rochester, Lynn
Neil, Fiona
Skelton, Dawn A.
Ballinger, Claire
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: In older adults, diminished balance is associated with reduced physical functioning and an increased risk of falling. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2007. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of exercise interventions on balance in older people, aged 60 and over, living in the community or in institutional care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 1), MEDLINE and EMBASE (to February 2011).

Author(s): 
Howe, Tracey E.
Rochester, Lynn
Neil, Fiona
Skelton, Dawn A.
Ballinger, Claire
Publication Title: 
BMC pregnancy and childbirth

BACKGROUND: A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the mechanical adaptations of the body under conditions of changing load during a common female human lifespan condition, while minimizing the influences of inter human differences.

Author(s): 
Gilleard, Wendy L.
Publication Title: 
Aging

Individuals from families recruited for the Long Life Family Study (LLFS) (n= 4559) were examined and compared to individuals from other cohorts to determine whether the recruitment targeting longevity resulted in a cohort of individuals with better health and function. Other cohorts with similar data included the Cardiovascular Health Study, the Framingham Heart Study, and the New England Centenarian Study. Diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease and peripheral artery disease tended to be less common in LLFS probands and offspring compared to similar aged persons in the other cohorts.

Author(s): 
Newman, Anne B.
Glynn, Nancy W.
Taylor, Christopher A.
Sebastiani, Paola
Perls, Thomas T.
Mayeux, Richard
Christensen, Kaare
Zmuda, Joseph M.
Barral, Sandra
Lee, Joseph H.
Simonsick, Eleanor M.
Walston, Jeremy D.
Yashin, Anatoli I.
Hadley, Evan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2001)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The importance of physical performance measures and their influence on predicting future disability has been suggested; however, the association between resilience and physical performance measures in older women needs further study. The purpose of this research study was to investigate the resilience level in a convenience sample of older women who happened to be Roman Catholic nuns. The relationships of resilience with specific physical performance measures, self-perceived physical and mental health status, and depressive symptoms were also explored.

Author(s): 
Wells, Margaret
Avers, Dale
Brooks, Gary
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Podiatry Association
Author(s): 
Sanders, J. T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Podiatry Association
Author(s): 
Sanders, J. T.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. Supplement

Step duration, measured in hemiparetic patients walking on a circular path, showed that step duration of the affected foot is usually longer. Functional electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve in the swing phase of the step (eliminating foot drop) shortened step duration in the majority of cases.

Author(s): 
Radil, T.
Snýdrová, I.
Há?ik, L.
Pfeiffer, J.
Votava, J.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

The role played by nonspecialized connective tissues in chronic non-specific low back pain is not well understood. In a recent ultrasound study, human subjects with chronic low back pain had altered connective tissue structure compared to human subjects without low back pain, suggesting the presence of inflammation and/or fibrosis in the low back pain subjects. Mechanical input in the form of static tissue stretch has been shown in vitro and in vivo to have anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects.

Author(s): 
Corey, Sarah M.
Vizzard, Margaret A.
Bouffard, Nicole A.
Badger, Gary J.
Langevin, Helene M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: In older adults, diminished balance is associated with reduced physical functioning and an increased risk of falling. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2007. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of exercise interventions on balance in older people, aged 60 and over, living in the community or in institutional care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 1), MEDLINE and EMBASE (to February 2011).

Author(s): 
Howe, Tracey E.
Rochester, Lynn
Neil, Fiona
Skelton, Dawn A.
Ballinger, Claire

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