OBJECTIVE: To apply the Bradford Hill criteria, which are widely used to establish causality between an environmental agent and disease, to evaluate the relationship between over-the-counter intranasal zinc gluconate therapy and anosmia. DESIGN: Patient and literature review applying the Bradford Hill criteria on causation. SETTING: University of California, San Diego, Nasal Dysfunction Clinic.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate transdermal absorption enhancement of gel containing elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid in the semipurified fraction isolated from Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) galls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nonelastic and elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid in pure form or in the semipurified fraction were developed. Rat skin permeation by vertical Franz diffusion cells of gallic acid from various gel formulations containing elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid or the semipurified fraction was performed.
CONTEXT: The galls of Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) frequently appear in many Thai Lanna medicinal plant recipes for promotion of longevity. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the skin anti-aging of gel containing niosomes loaded with a semi-purified fraction containing gallic acid from T. chebula galls. METHOD: The semi-purified fraction containing phenolic compounds including gallic acid isolated from T.
Adipose tissue engineering has recently gained significant attention from materials scientists as a result of the exponential growth of soft tissue filler procedures being performed within the clinic. While several injectable materials are currently being marketed for filling subcutaneous voids, they often face limited longevity due to rapid resorption. Their inability to encourage natural adipose formation or ingrowth necessitates repeated injections for a prolonged effect and thus classifies them as temporary fillers.
Previously, we demonstrated that placebo analgesia (PA) accompanies reductions in neural activity during painful stimulation. This study investigated areas of the brain where the neural activity was increased during PA. The literature has associated PA with two potential mechanisms of action; one sustained (e.g., engaged for the duration of PA), the other, transitory (e.g., a feedback mechanism). We propose that PA results from the engagement of two complementary pain-modulation mechanisms that are identified with fMRI data as a main effect for condition or a time *condition interaction.
PURPOSE: Results from our oral cavity chemoprevention trial demonstrated appreciable interpatient variations regarding chemopreventive efficacy of a freeze dried black raspberry (FBR) gel. We speculated these data reflected individual patient-related differences in absorption, target tissue uptake and local compound metabolism of key FBR compounds (anthocyanins). Accordingly, this study assessed the distribution of anthocyanins from the 10% (w/w) FBR gel in saliva, oral tissues and plasma.
Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3GLU), cyanidin 3-rutinoside (C3RUT), cyanidin 3-sambubioside (C3SAM) and cyanidin 3-(2(G)-xylosyl) rutinoside (C3XRUT) are the four constituent black raspberry anthocyanins that contribute significantly to the chemopreventive effects of freeze-dried black raspberries (FBR). A highly sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS assay was developed and validated to simultaneously quantify these four FBR anthocyanins in human saliva, plasma and oral tissue homogenates. In saliva, the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for these anthocyanins was 1.0 ng/mL.
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of the new diclofenac-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-pyrrolidine lecithin gel (DHEP lecithin gel, with 1.3% DHEP and 2.4% lecithin) compared with the efficacy and tolerability of diclofenac-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-pyrrolidine gel (DHEP gel) in peri and extraarticular inflammatory states, a controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical study was conducted. Two groups of 50 patients each were enrolled and were given one of the two different formulations with a slight massage on the painful area three times a day for 10 consecutive days.
OBJECTIVE: : To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel vs an NSAID (piroxicam) gel in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. METHOD: : One hundred and eighty-four out-patients with radiographically confirmed symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were entered into a pragmatic, randomized, double-blind controlled trial and treated with 1 g of gel three times daily for 4 weeks. Main outcome measures were pain on walking as a Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and a single-joint Ritchie index.