Gender

Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that impaired foetal growth may provide an early indication of increased risk of child attention problems. However, despite both foetal growth and child attention problems differing by sex, few studies have examined sex differences in this association. Furthermore, no studies have been conducted in low- and middle-income countries, where there are higher rates of perinatal problems.

Author(s): 
Murray, Elizabeth
Matijasevich, Alicia
Santos, In· S.
Barros, AluÌsio J. D.
Anselmi, Luciana
Barros, Fernando C.
Stein, Alan
Publication Title: 
Qualitative Health Research

Women cancer carers have consistently been found to report higher levels of distress than men carers. However, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying these gender differences in distress, and a neglect of rewarding aspects of care. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 53 informal cancer carers, 34 women and 19 men, to examine difficult and rewarding aspects of cancer care. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the transcripts.

Author(s): 
Ussher, Jane M.
Sandoval, Mirjana
Perz, Janette
Wong, W. K. Tim
Butow, Phyllis
Publication Title: 
Personality and Social Psychology Review: An Official Journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc

Although research has examined associations between attachment dimensions and relationship outcomes, theory has ignored how these associations change over time in adult romantic relationships. We proposed the Temporal Adult Romantic Attachment (TARA) model, which predicts that the negative associations between anxious and avoidant attachment on one hand and relationship satisfaction and commitment on the other will be more negative as relationship durations increase.

Author(s): 
Hadden, Benjamin W.
Smith, C. Veronica
Webster, Gregory D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

The present study aimed at investigating the possible changes of some features of loving relationships during long-term treatment of depression with both selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclics (TCAs), by means of a specifically designed test, the so-called "Sex, Attachment, Love" (SALT) questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Marazziti, Donatella
Akiskal, Hagop S.
Udo, Mieko
Picchetti, Michela
Baroni, Stefano
Massimetti, Gabriele
Albanese, Francesco
Dell'Osso, Liliana
Publication Title: 
Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Although previous research has linked sibling relationship experiences to youth's social competencies with peers, we know little about the role of siblings in youth's romantic relationship experiences. Drawing on data from a longitudinal sample of 190 families, this study examined the links between sibling experiences and the development of perceived romantic competence from early adolescence into young adulthood (ages 12-20). The data were collected from 373 youth (50.7†% female) in home interviews on up to five annual occasions.

Author(s): 
Doughty, Susan E.
Lam, Chun Bun
Stanik, Christine E.
McHale, Susan M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lesbian Studies

In mid-century popular presses published paperbacks about lesbians, gay men, and characters with male and female lovers.† Barbara Grier was the first to catalog novels featuring lesbian subplots by classifying stories based on the extent and style of lesbian content.† I perform a content analysis of 49 novels, motivated by these questions:† How did novels with lesbian and gay characters differ from heterosexual romances?† What do differences reveal about cultural understandings of love, gender, and sexuality?† I find uniformity in the structural logic of novels.† However, there are differen

Author(s): 
Wood, Christine V.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

Narratives from 33 sexual minority women were examined to discover what factors contributed to their ability to acquire academic success, and what, if any, attributions are evident in some sexual minority women's experiences that provide the ability to persist and graduate. Coping strategies the participants used to gain the resiliency and persistence necessary to acquire academic success are discussed. Intrinsic themes were work ethic values, altruism, and self-efficacy. Extrinsic themes were mentors, family, and friends.

Author(s): 
McCleaf, Kathy J.
Publication Title: 
The psychologist's guide to an academic career

This chapter considers problems encountered by women and minority groups in pursuing academic careers. A major problem is that women and minorities are underrepresented in academia.To solve this problem, author proposes a direct, personal plan that enlists the efforts of those who are already in academia.

Author(s): 
Rheingold, Harriet L.
Publication Title: 
Integrating aging topics into psychology: A practical guide for teaching

Development continues throughout the life span. This basic precept of the life-span perspective apparently has not penetrated the discipline judging from the undergraduate psychology curriculum. In consequence of this missing concept, what often passes for a knowledge base on human behavior is, in actuality, an age-specific representation. Courses on the psychology of gender are no exception. Most textbooks designed for these courses rarely consider how gender issues are played out in later life.

Author(s): 
Bedford, Victoria Hilkevitch
Publication Title: 
Why aren't more women in science?: Top researchers debate the evidence

After providing an outline of the contents of this book, the chapter considers recent history relevant to the debate on women in science. It discusses the evidence-based grounds for a biologically based argument in a number of the essays in this volume. The chapter describes the need for this volume. The essays in this volume show that the pattern of sex differences is much more nuanced than their depiction in the popular media (e.g., male=right brain; female=left brain).

Author(s): 
Williams, Wendy M.
Ceci, Stephen J.

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