In many cultures, eating has both nutritional and social functions. To the elderly it can be a symbolic experience embedded in lifelong patterns and cultural preferences (Kolodny & Malek, 1991). The environment during the mealtime goes beyond the physical into the social arena. A properly balanced diet promotes health, contributes to the prevention of disease and disability, and aids in recovery from illness and accident.
For most age-related disorders there is no cure, and treatment is expensive and often ineffective. Thus, disease prevention is an issue of increasing concern and importance. Nurses form the largest professional healthcare group in the world, and the professional code of the modern day nurse advocates health promotion as a primary role. Nurses, by virtue of their close, direct interaction with their community and clients, are in a strong position to disseminate and reinforce the message of health promotion with the aim of achieving functional longevity in our aging population.
In 2000, people aged 65 and older made up 12.4 percent of the U.S. population. Between now and 2011, when the earliest-born of the baby-boom generation reaches that age, the nation will see a rapid growth in its senior citizen population. It has been estimated that pain occurs in from 45 percent to 85 percent of the geriatric population. Much of it is undertreated. Undertreated pain leads to other problems, including reduced quality of life, decreased socialization, depression, sleep disturbances, cognitive impairment, and malnutrition.
The classical Chinese philosophy of Confucius is here reconsidered in light of the current challenge of sustaining loving relationships not only in words but in actions, and providing a life worth living for frail older adults. The Ox Mountain Parable of Meng Tzu (Mencius) is described and linked to the nursing home reform movement known as "The Eden Alternative." Implications for nursing are considered.
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to reexamine underlying dimensions of attitudes toward the elderly held by undergraduate nursing students. A secondary purpose was to investigate characteristics of nursing students associated with attitudes toward elders. METHODS: A survey was performed using self-report questionnaire completed by nursing students from a total of 10 nursing schools or departments each selected randomly from one province of Korea. Students' responses (N=366) were analyzed using factor analysis, correlation coefficients, t-test, and ANOVA.
PURPOSE: This study investigated changes in attitudes toward elders in general and elders with dementia after students finished a gerontological nursing practicum. METHODS: Questionnaires developed for Asian cultures were administered pre practicum, immediately post practicum, and at 8-months follow up to 31 senior students in a baccalaureate nursing program. The 1-week practicum occurred at two adult day care centers: a center for elders with dementia and a center for elders with stroke. Repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni correction procedures were used to analyze data.
This article describes an experience that occurred when, as a student nurse on an aged care placement, I saw an opportunity to motivate and empower a client whom I felt would be able, with an individualised approach, to take a step toward making a significant improvement in her quality of life. I believe we, as nurse practitioners, can influence our client's motivation levels in many ways, the most prevalent and effective being through realistic goal setting, altruism and empowerment.
This article describes the use of altruism and creative expression in an older adult psychotherapy group. These interventions, for which theoretic rationale and clinical examples are provided, are designed to decrease feelings of powerlessness that accompany life changes; to facilitate insight into feelings, coping, and preventative strategies for adaptation to change and loss; and to combat stereotypes, false beliefs, and myths imposed by a youth-oriented society.
The Klamath Exceptional Aging Project is a longitudinal aging study of people 85 and over, the "oldest old," in rural Oregon. Although conducting research with those 85 and over can be challenging, it is increasingly more important that this group be included in research studies given their importance in society. Benefits for the oldest old participating in research include an opportunity for altruism, productivity, and generativity and the expression of power and control.