Global Health

Publication Title: 
Nutritional Neuroscience

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a common, chronic condition that imposes a substantial burden of disability globally. As current treatments are estimated to address only one-third of the disease burden of depressive disorders, there is a need for new approaches to prevent depression or to delay its progression. While in its early stages, converging evidence from laboratory, population research, and clinical trials now suggests that dietary patterns and specific dietary factors may influence the risk for depression.

Author(s): 
Opie, R. S.
Itsiopoulos, C.
Parletta, N.
Sanchez-Villegas, A.
Akbaraly, T. N.
Ruusunen, A.
Jacka, F. N.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

This paper proposes the emergent entanglement theory of homeopathy. This is based on the lack of evidence that choice of homeopathic medicine is important and predicts links between effectiveness of homeopathic medicines and their manufacturers. It predicts that there will be a consistent variation, in terms of outcome, between homeopaths, and between medicines made by different manufacturers, but not the specific homeopathic medicines prescribed. This theory is potentially testable.

Author(s): 
Hyland, M. E.
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

First of all a definition is given of "poverty" and "precaution". A short, by no means comprehensive, presentation of some especially relevant recent publications on both topics is included, with a view to offering also readers who are not familiar with these issues a broad overview of the specialised literature available. This is followed by a description of the solidarity concept, following various philosophical, cultural and religious trends, analysing their relationship with precaution.

Author(s): 
Petrini, Carlo
Publication Title: 
Recherche En Soins Infirmiers

Social support refers to the presence of individuals providing emotional or material resources. Its four components are: integration, structure, function, and quality. This article presents empirical and theoretical data, as well as criticism of studies which examine the relationship between social support, global health and cardiovascular health, also evaluating direct or moderating contributions to the adoption and maintenance of health behaviours in persons with cardiovascular disease. Concrete implications for nursing practice are reviewed.

Author(s): 
Chouinard, Maud-Christine
Robichaud-Ekstrand, Sylvie
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The "One World One Health Initiative" has attended little to the priorities, concepts and practices of resource-poor communities confronting disease and the implications of these concerns for its biomedical, ecological and institutional approach to disease surveillance and control. Using the example of Buruli ulcer (BU) and its bacterial etiology, Mycobacterium ulcerans, in south-central Cameroon, we build on debates about the contributions of "local knowledge" and "alternative models" to biomedical knowledge of disease transmission.

Author(s): 
Giles-Vernick, Tamara
Owona-Ntsama, Joseph
Landier, Jordi
Eyangoh, Sara
Publication Title: 
Contraception
Author(s): 
Diczfalusy, E.
Publication Title: 
Global Heart

The CRONICAS Centre of Excellence in Chronic Diseases, based at Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, was created in 2009 with support from the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). The vision of CRONICAS is to build a globally recognized center of excellence conducting quality and innovative research and generating high-impact evidence for health. The center's identity is embedded in its core values: generosity, innovation, integrity, and quality.

Author(s): 
Miranda, J. Jaime
BernabÈ-Ortiz, Antonio
Diez-Canseco, Francisco
M·laga, Germ·n
Cardenas, MarÌa K.
Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
Pesantes, M. Amalia
Araya, Ricardo
Boggio, Oscar
Checkley, William
GarcÌa, Patricia J.
LeÛn-Velarde, Fabiola
Lescano, Andrés G.
Montori, Victor
Pan, William
Rivera-Chira, Maria
Sacksteder, Katherine
Smeeth, Liam
GarcÌa, HÈctor H.
Gilman, Robert H.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

The transnationalization of disease and health risks will require global awareness, analysis, and action and indicates a need for global cooperation. Transnational actions must be built on firm local and national foundations, but they also require new forms of transnational collaboration in order to minimize risks and build on opportunities. In a world characterized by the globalization of public health, countries and communities will need to look beyond their narrow self-interests in defining and confronting the shared problems that are emerging.

Author(s): 
Yach, D.
Bettcher, D.
Publication Title: 
Current Atherosclerosis Reports

Psychosocial stress exerts independent adverse effects on cardiovascular health. The recent INTERHEART study reported that psychosocial stress accounted for approximately 30% of the attributable risk of acute myocardial infarction. Prospective studies consistently indicate that hostility, depression, and anxiety are all related to increased risk of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular death. A sense of hopelessness, in particular, appears to be strongly correlated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

Author(s): 
Das, Sajal
O'Keefe, James H.
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Conflict, and Survival

There is a huge global burden of disease and mortality. The principal underlying cause is regarded as poverty. This is associated with a global order of fear, over-consumption, over-population and violence, which can interact in a vicious circle. It is proposed that the solution to the problem is not only the relief of poverty, but the institution of a new order in which the individual is sovereign. This in turn requires a trinity of ideals for the individual: self-control to avoid over-consumption, altruism to cope with fear, and peace to manage violence.

Author(s): 
Tegegne, Ayalew

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