Glycogen

Publication Title: 
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes: Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association

The aqueous extract of the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. has been evaluated for its antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced mild diabetic rats and compared with a known drug, tolbutamide. The oral effective dose (ED) of the extract was observed to be 200 mg/kg body weight, which produced a fall of 55.6% (p<0.01) in the oral glucose tolerance test.

Author(s): 
Murali, Y. K.
Anand, P.
Tandon, V.
Singh, R.
Chandra, R.
Murthy, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Nucleic Acids Research

The translation of genes encoded in the mitochondrial genome requires specific machinery that functions in the organelle. Among the many mutations linked to human disease that affect mitochondrial translation, several are localized to nuclear genes coding for mitochondrial aminoacyl-transfer RNA synthetases. The molecular significance of these mutations is poorly understood, but it is expected to be similar to that of the mutations affecting mitochondrial transfer RNAs.

Author(s): 
Guitart, Tanit
Picchioni, Daria
PiÒeyro, David
Ribas de Pouplana, LluÌs
Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

The physiological roles of the protease inhibitor SERPINB3 (SB3) are still largely unknown. The study was addressed to assess the biological effects of this serpin in vivo using a SB3 transgenic mouse model. Two colonies of mice (123 transgenic for SB3 and 148 C57BL/6J controls) have been studied. Transgenic (TG) mice showed longer survival than controls and the difference was more remarkable in males than in females (18.5% vs 12.7% life span increase). In TG mice decreased IL-6 in serum and lower p66shc in the liver were observed.

Author(s): 
Villano, Gianmarco
Ruvoletto, Mariagrazia
Ceolotto, Giulio
Quarta, Santina
Calabrese, Fiorella
Turato, Cristian
Tono, Natascia
Biasiolo, Alessandra
Cattelan, Arianna
Merkel, Carlo
Avogaro, Angelo
Gatta, Angelo
Pontisso, Patrizia
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Nutrition
Author(s): 
Buskirk, E. R.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Aquaporin 11 (AQP11) is a protein channel expressed intracellularly in multiple organs, yet its physiological function is unclear. Aqp11 knockout (KO) mice die early due to malfunction of the kidney, a result of hydropic degeneration of proximal tubule cells. Here we report the generation of liver-specific Aqp11 KO mice, allowing us to study the role of AQP11 protein in liver of mice with normal kidney function. The unchallenged liver-specific Aqp11 KO mice have normal longevity, their livers appeared normal, and the plasma biochemistries revealed only a minor defect in lipid handling.

Author(s): 
Rojek, Aleksandra
F¸chtbauer, Ernst-Martin
F¸chtbauer, Annette
Jelen, Sabina
Malmendal, Anders
Fenton, Robert A.
Nielsen, S¯ren
Publication Title: 
Nature
Author(s): 
Svorad, D.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Hoskovec, J.
Svorad, D.
Publication Title: 
Zhong Yao Cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials

Yangyin Anshen Koufuye could obviously decrease the spontaneous activity of rats, effectively shorten the process of falling into sleep of normal rats which were injected pentobarbital sodium and prolong the sleeping time. The effect of sedation and hypnotism were the same as Zhaoren Anshen Koufuye. Yangyin Anshen Koufuye also could markedly reduce the serum tensity of T3, T4 of hyperthyroid rats, which equaled to TCM's deficiency of yin.

Author(s): 
Zhong, J.
Wang, X.
Cui, Y.
Zhu, G.
Meng, Y.
Zhang, L.
Yuang, X.
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao = Acta Pharmacologica Sinica

Mice infected with 100 and 50 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae for 7 and 35 d respectively were treated with im artemether 100 mg.kg-1.d-1 or arteether 100 and 300 mg.kg-1.d-1 for 2 d. The mice were killed at different intervals within 28 d after medication and the livers were sectioned for histological and histochemical observations. The results showed that both artemether and arteether caused degeneration in the tegument, intestine and genital gland of the hepatic-shifted worms.

Author(s): 
Yin, J. W.
Yang, Y. Q.
Xiao, S. H.
Li, Y.
Jiang, H. J.
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao = Acta Pharmacologica Sinica

AIM: To study the effect of artemether (Art) on glucose uptake and glycogen content in schistosomes. METHODS: Schistosomes recovered from mice treated intragastrically with Art 300 mg.kg-1 for 24-48 h, were incubated in the drug-free medium containing [U-14C]glucose 11.1 MBq.L-1. The glycogen content, [U-14C]glucose uptake, and incorporation of [U-14C]glucose into worm glycogen in both male and female worms were determined.

Author(s): 
Xiao, S. H.
You, J. Q.
Mei, J. Y.
Guo, H. F.
Jiao, P. Y.
Sun, H. L.
Yao, M. Y.
Feng, Z.

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