Glycoproteins

Publication Title: 
Journal of Biotechnology

It has been widely reported that CHO cells undergo apoptosis in culture, despite supplementation of nutrients through fed-batch strategies. Improvement of cell viability in culture can effectively improve recombinant protein yield through extension of the culture's production lifespan, especially at high cell densities. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have been reported to demonstrate anti-apoptotic effects against a wide range of physical and chemical stimuli through their ability to bind and act as antagonists to critical apoptotic molecules.

Author(s): 
Lee, Yih Yean
Wong, Kathy T. K.
Tan, Janice
Toh, Poh Choo
Mao, Yanying
Brusic, Vesna
Yap, Miranda G. S.
Publication Title: 
JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association

CONTEXT: Individuals with exceptional longevity have a lower incidence and/or significant delay in the onset of age-related disease, and their family members may inherit biological factors that modulate aging processes and disease susceptibility. OBJECTIVE: To identify specific biological and genetic factors that are associated with or reliably define a human longevity phenotype.

Author(s): 
Barzilai, Nir
Atzmon, Gil
Schechter, Clyde
Schaefer, Ernst J.
Cupples, Adrienne L.
Lipton, Richard
Cheng, Suzanne
Shuldiner, Alan R.
Publication Title: 
JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association
Author(s): 
Andrikopoulos, George K.
Richter, Dimitri J.
Publication Title: 
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Subjects with exceptional longevity have a lower incidence and/or significant delay in the onset of age-related disease, and their family members may inherit biological factors that modulate aging processes and disease susceptibility. In a case control study, we aim to determine phenotype and genotype of exceptional longevity in a genetically homogenous population (Ashkenazi Jews), and their offspring, while an age-matched control group of Ashkenazi Jews was used as control groups.

Author(s): 
Atzmon, Gil
Rincon, Marielisa
Rabizadeh, Pegah
Barzilai, Nir
Publication Title: 
PLoS biology

Alteration of single genes involved in nutrient and lipoprotein metabolism increases longevity in several animal models. Because exceptional longevity in humans is familial, it is likely that polymorphisms in genes favorably influence certain phenotypes and increase the likelihood of exceptional longevity. A group of Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians (n = 213), their offspring (n = 216), and an age-matched Ashkenazi control group (n = 258) were genotyped for 66 polymorphisms in 36 candidate genes related to cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Author(s): 
Atzmon, Gil
Rincon, Marielisa
Schechter, Clyde B.
Shuldiner, Alan R.
Lipton, Richard B.
Bergman, Aviv
Barzilai, Nir
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

Apolipoprotein D (ApoD), a member of the Lipocalin family, is the gene most up-regulated with age in the mammalian brain. Its expression strongly correlates with aging-associated neurodegenerative and metabolic diseases. Two homologues of ApoD expressed in the Drosophila brain, Glial Lazarillo (GLaz) and Neural Lazarillo (NLaz), are known to alter longevity in male flies. However, sex differences in the aging process have not been explored so far for these genes.

Author(s): 
Ruiz, Mario
Sanchez, Diego
Canal, Inmaculada
Acebes, Angel
Ganfornina, Maria D.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare condition with a prevalence of 1 in 125,000-720,000 births and characterized by clinical features that include facial, dental, and limb dysmorphology and growth retardation. Most cases of RSTS occur sporadically and are caused by de novo mutations. Cytogenetic or molecular abnormalities are detected in only 55% of RSTS cases. Previous genetic studies have yielded inconsistent results due to the variety of methods used for genetic analysis.

Author(s): 
Yoo, Hee Jeong
Kim, Kyung
Kim, In Hyang
Rho, Seong-Hwan
Park, Jong-Eun
Lee, Ki Young
Kim, Soon Ae
Choi, Byung Yoon
Kim, Namshin
Publication Title: 
Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie

AIM: Excessive production of inflammatory mediators during invasive infection plays a key role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. In an attempt to improve survival of patients with this lethal syndrome, agents were developed to selectively inhibit mediators in this inflammatory response. Ulinastatin (UTI), a human protease inhibitor, inhibits the enhanced production of pro-inflammatory molecules. However, it is unknown if Ulinastatin treatment could result in protective effects for sepsis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Ulinastatin on septic rats.

Author(s): 
Cao, Yi-zhan
Tu, Yan-yang
Chen, Xiang
Wang, Bo-liang
Zhong, Yue-xia
Liu, Ming-Hua
Publication Title: 
Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

The concept of Ayurvedic expert guided drug discovery and development is defined and put to test systematically for the first time in literature. Western Science has explored only ~5% of the approximately 25,000 species of higher plants for drug leads. The ancient medical science of Ayurveda has however employed a much larger spectrum of plants for clinical treatment. Clerodendrum viscosum (CV), a commonly growing weed in the Indian subcontinent has been employed by S. Nirmalananda (Ayurvedic expert) for the treatment of cervical cancer.

Author(s): 
Sun, Chong
Nirmalananda, Swami
Jenkins, Charles E.
Debnath, Shawon
Balambika, Rema
Fata, Jimmie E.
Raja, Krishnaswami S.
Publication Title: 
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

The study details the investigations on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194, an isolate from kanjika, a rice-based ayurvedic fermented product, to produce biosurfactant. Surfactant production, as a function of fermentation time, indicates that the maximum production occurred at 72 h under stationary conditions.

Author(s): 
Madhu, Arenahalli Ningegowda
Prapulla, Siddalingaiya Gurudutt

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