Gynecology

Publication Title: 
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

The key health issues for women tend to be primarily associated with the female reproductive system. There are also other gender priorities and consequences associated with ageing, which require effective interventions. Acupuncture is used worldwide and its evidence base is increasing on both mechanisms of action and its effectiveness in clinical care. Although acupuncture may be a valuable addition to healthcare for some conditions, it is rarely fully integrated into mainstream Western medicine clinical practice. Inadequate design and poor reporting of clinical trials have been barriers.

Author(s): 
Robinson, Nicola
Publication Title: 
Obstetrics and Gynecology

Obesity is a major problem in American women, and there is great concern with regard to weight control among both the obese and the nonobese. Vast sums of money are spent in the area of weight reduction, often with little or no benefit. Although obesity affects longevity adversely, weight loss has not been clearly associated with a decrease in mortality risk. Reduction in weight, however, can decrease risk factors for certain diseases and improve the quality of life. Current methods of weight control include diet, exercise, surgery, and medication.

Author(s): 
O'Brien, W. F.
Publication Title: 
Developing World Bioethics

Elective abortion has become an issue of ethical and political debate in many countries including Mexico. As gynecologists are directly involved in the practice of abortion, it is important to know the psychological meaning that the term 'elective abortion' has for them. This study explores the psychological meaning and attitudes toward elective abortion of one hundred and twenty-three Mexican gynecologists. We used the semantic networks technique, which analyzed the words the participants associated with the term 'elective abortion'.

Author(s): 
Marv·n, Ma Luisa
¡lvarez del RÌo, AsunciÛn
Campos, Zaira
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology

The two most fundamental aspects of sexual relationships, passion and intimacy, are complex concepts, with at least partly paradoxical contents. Intimacy, for example, stands for unity and security, but also for shifting boundaries and exposure. Passion in its turn, stands for enthusiasm and energy, but also for surrender and dependency. It is this 'two sides of the coin' phenomenon that makes sexual relationships as interesting as they are dangerous.

Author(s): 
van de Wiel, H. B.
Schultz, W. C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Stem Cells

Since Rita Levi Montalcini and Stanley Cohen received Nobel Prize for their pioneering work on nerve growth factor (NGF), its role in female reproductive system has been reinforced in last two decades. The neurotrophins (NT) including nerve growth factor (NGF) are a family of related growth factors and their respective receptor tyrosine kinases that are of major importance in the regulation of neuronal survival and differentiation.

Author(s): 
Bose, Chinmoy K.
Publication Title: 
Archivos Espanoles De Urologia

OBJECTIVES: To review the biography and scientific contributions of Dr. Angel Pulido Martin, fourth chairman of the Department of Urology at the Hospital Provincial of Madrid, and formerly at the Urology Clinic at the San Juan de Dios Hospital of Madrid. In addition, to show a panoramic view on how doctors who obtained scholarships to study outside Spain were trained in a specialty at the beginning of the 20th century. METHODS: We reviewed memoirs books from Dr. Pulido Martin ("Medical letters", "Dr. Pulido and his time", and "Memoirs of a doctor"), his Ph.D.

Author(s): 
S·iz Carrero, Ata˙lfo
Publication Title: 
Archivos Espanoles De Urologia

OBJECTIVES: To review the biography and scientific contributions of Dr. Angel Pulido Martin, fourth chairman of the Department of Urology at the Hospital Provincial of Madrid, and formerly at the Urology Clinic at the San Juan de Dios Hospital of Madrid. In addition, to show a panoramic view on how doctors who obtained scholarships to study outside Spain were trained in a specialty at the beginning of the 20th century. METHODS: We reviewed memoirs books from Dr. Pulido Martin ("Medical letters", "Dr. Pulido and his time", and "Memoirs of a doctor"), his Ph.D.

Author(s): 
S·iz Carrero, Ata˙lfo
Publication Title: 
Obstetrics and Gynecology

The author reflects on his personal experiences in West Africa to express the benefits of participation in international medical practice in developing countries. Health care systems, medical emphases, and surgical techniques useful in the United States may be inspired by attempts to manage the extreme problems seen in developing countries. Attitudinal changes that result from international work may be helpful to US physicians and their patients, in the current era of health care. These include the qualities of humility, gratitude, pragmatism, and simplicity.

Author(s): 
Elkins, T. E.
Publication Title: 
Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

Referral patterns of physicians have a direct impact upon the care of patients, particularly in obstetrics and gynecology. The choice of referral is influenced by the history of specialization, physician altruism, and intricate patterns of financial conflicts of interest. The conflicts of interest are further obscured by the lack of clear definition of roles and responsibilities for generalist, specialist, and subspecialist. Alternate patterns for referral based on financial incentives or directed referral care plans are reviewed to examine the potential conflicts of interest.

Author(s): 
Cain, J. M.
Jonsen, A. R.
Publication Title: 
Obstetrics and Gynecology

Access to abortion services in the United States has become increasingly limited because of a decrease in rural hospital providers and a growing shortage of clinicians willing to offer this service. As of 1988, 83% of United States counties had no identified provider. The deficit in numbers of clinicians stems from the current imbalance between incentives and disincentives. The single most powerful incentive appears to be altruism. On the other hand, disincentives include poor pay, frequent harassment, low prestige, suboptimal working conditions, and tedium.

Author(s): 
Grimes, D. A.

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