Health Education

Publication Title: 
Journal of Cancer Education: The Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the use of storytelling as a method to teach breast health information to older African American women. METHODS: A qualitative design utilizing the focus-group method. RESULTS: Six story types (categories) emerged from the focus-group data and were integrated into the breast health education class. Categories were: 1) loss, 2) pain, 3) suffering, 4) fear and worry/stress, 5) death, and 6) faith in God and prayer.

Author(s): 
Williams-Brown, Shanita
Baldwin, Dee M.
Bakos, Alexis
Publication Title: 
Ethnicity & Health

OBJECTIVES: We examined receptivity to developing church-based cancer programs with Samoans. Cancer is a leading cause of death for Samoans, and investigators who have found spiritually linked beliefs about health and illness in this population have suggested the Samoan church as a good venue for health-related interventions. DESIGN: We interviewed 12 pastors and their wives, held focus groups with 66 Samoan church members, and engaged a panel of pastors to interpret data. All data collection was conducted in culturally appropriate ways.

Author(s): 
Aitaoto, Nia
Braun, Kathryn L.
Dang, Ka'ohimanu L.
So'a, Tugalei
Publication Title: 
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to better understand the knowledge of schizophrenia, preferences regarding professional help, medication and treatment methods among Australians of a Chinese-speaking background. METHODS: A cluster convenience sampling method was adopted in which subjects were taken from the four main areas in cosmopolitan Melbourne where most Chinese people live. A total of 200 Chinese-speaking Australians participated in the study.

Author(s): 
Wong, Fu Keung Daniel
Lam, Yuk Kit Angus
Poon, Ada
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Reproductive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among women with gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) at the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital (UP-PGH). STUDY DESIGN: A survey on the use of CAM among women (N = 52) with GTD managed at the UP-PGH Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Center from June to August 2009 was done. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 32.3 years, and there were no significant differences in the proportion of CAM users as to educational attainment, diagnosis and treatment type received.

Author(s): 
Cagayan, M. Stephanie Fay S.
Oras, Celestrell May W.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Increased popularity of the Internet, along with the development of new software applications have dramatically improved our ability to create and deliver online continuing education trainings to professionals in the areas of nutrition and food safety. In addition, these technological advances permit effective and affordable measurement of training outcomes, i.e., changes in knowledge, attitude, and behavior, that result from these educational efforts.

Author(s): 
Santerre, Charles R.
Publication Title: 
Sleep

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a novel behavioral intervention, Tai Chi Chih, to promote sleep quality in older adults with moderate sleep complaints. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with 16 weeks of teaching followed by practice and assessment 9 weeks later. The main outcome measure was sleep quality, as assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). SETTING: General community at 2 sites in the US between 2001 and 2005. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 112 healthy older adults, aged 59 to 86 years.

Author(s): 
Irwin, Michael R.
Olmstead, Richard
Motivala, Sarosh J.
Publication Title: 
Menopause (New York, N.Y.)

Cardiovascular disease risk rises sharply with menopause, likely due to the coincident increase in insulin resistance and related atherogenic changes that together comprise the metabolic or insulin resistance syndrome, a cluster of metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities strongly implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular disease.

Author(s): 
Innes, Kim E.
Selfe, Terry Kit
Taylor, Ann Gill
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether a mindfulness meditation intervention may be effective in caregivers of close relatives with dementia and to help refine the protocol for future larger trials. DESIGN: The design was a pilot randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a mindfulness meditation intervention adapted from the Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy program in relation to two comparison groups: an education class based on Powerful Tools for Caregivers serving as an active control group and a respite-only group serving as a pragmatic control.

Author(s): 
Oken, Barry S.
Fonareva, Irina
Haas, Mitchell
Wahbeh, Helané
Lane, James B.
Zajdel, Daniel
Amen, Alexandra
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Nearly two-thirds of elderly patients treated for depression fail to achieve symptomatic remission and functional recovery with first-line pharmacotherapy. In this study, we ask whether a mind-body exercise, Tai Chi Chih (TCC), added to escitalopram will augment the treatment of geriatric depression designed to achieve symptomatic remission and improvements in health functioning and cognitive performance. METHODS: : One hundred twelve older adults with major depression age 60 years and older were recruited and treated with escitalopram for approximately 4 weeks.

Author(s): 
Lavretsky, Helen
Alstein, Lily L.
Olmstead, Richard E.
Ercoli, Linda M.
Riparetti-Brown, Marquertie
Cyr, Natalie St
Irwin, Michael R.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

BACKGROUND: Stroke, diabetes, and coronary heart disease (CHD) remain leading causes of death in the United States and are largely attributable to lifestyle behaviors. Integrative medicine can provide a supportive partnership that focuses on improving health by identifying and implementing lifestyle changes based upon personal values and goals. OBJECTIVE: This prospective observational study was designed to assess the effectiveness of an integrative medicine intervention on modifiable disease risk, patient activation, and psychosocial risk factors for stroke, diabetes, and CHD.

Author(s): 
Wolever, Ruth Q.
Webber, Daniel M.
Meunier, Justin P.
Greeson, Jeffrey M.
Lausier, Evangeline R.
Gaudet, Tracy W.

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