Heart Arrest

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

BACKGROUND: Rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation remain low nationwide. Possibly, low rates can be explained by examining the reactions of laypersons who attempt to resuscitate a stranger. OBJECTIVE: To examine the thoughts, feelings, and motivations of laypersons who have attempted to resuscitate a stranger. METHOD: Survey methods were used to do a qualitative study of 12 laypersons who had provided bystander resuscitation.

Author(s): 
Skora, J.
Riegel, B.
Publication Title: 
Resuscitation

BACKGROUND: Adverse psychological reactions are relatively frequent in professional ambulance crews who attend traumatic events, yet appear unusual in lay persons who attempt resuscitation of victims of out of hospital cardiac arrest. AIM: To investigate the psychological profile of first responders to gain insight into possible factors that might protect them against such reactions. METHODS: Qualitative study of first responders in a community scheme in Barry, South Wales.

Author(s): 
Davies, Ellen
Maybury, Benjamin
Colquhoun, Michael
Whitfield, Richard
Rossetti, Tony
Vetter, Norman
Publication Title: 
Problemy Sovremenno? Ne?rokhirurgii
Author(s): 
Finer, B. L.
Nylen, B. O.
Publication Title: 
Cahiers D'anesthésiologie
Author(s): 
Raginsky, B. B.
Publication Title: 
International Dental Journal

Increasing materialism in society is resulting in more wide spread nervous tension in all age groups. While some degree of nervous tension is necessary in everyday living, its adverse effects require that we must learn to bring it under control. Total tension is shown to have two components: a controllable element arising from factors in the environment and the inbuilt uncontrollable residue which is basic in the individual temperament.

Author(s): 
Newbury, C. R.
Publication Title: 
Anaesthesia

A review of the hypnotic, anticonvulsant and brain protective action of etomidate in animals shows that when given as a single injection in different animal species recovery from hypnosis is quick and that the safety margin is large. In dogs a bolus or infusion produces high amplitude theta activity on the electroencephalogram (EEG). During infusion burst suppression is seen. After high doses, behaviour and EEG changes returned to normal within 3 hours. The wide spectrum of anticonvulsant activity suggests that etomidate may be useful in the treatment of status epilepticus.

Author(s): 
Wauquier, A.
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intercessory prayer, a widely practiced complementary therapy, on cardiovascular disease progression after hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial conducted between 1997 and 1999, a total of 799 coronary care unit patients were randomized at hospital discharge to the intercessory prayer group or to the control group. Intercessory prayer, ie, prayer by 1 or more persons on behalf of another, was administered at least once a week for 26 weeks by 5 intercessors per patient.

Author(s): 
Aviles, J. M.
Whelan, S. E.
Hernke, D. A.
Williams, B. A.
Kenny, K. E.
O'Fallon, W. M.
Kopecky, S. L.
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intercessory prayer, a widely practiced complementary therapy, on cardiovascular disease progression after hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial conducted between 1997 and 1999, a total of 799 coronary care unit patients were randomized at hospital discharge to the intercessory prayer group or to the control group. Intercessory prayer, ie, prayer by 1 or more persons on behalf of another, was administered at least once a week for 26 weeks by 5 intercessors per patient.

Author(s): 
Aviles, J. M.
Whelan, S. E.
Hernke, D. A.
Williams, B. A.
Kenny, K. E.
O'Fallon, W. M.
Kopecky, S. L.
Publication Title: 
Resuscitation

AIM OF THE STUDY: Sudden cardiac arrest (CA) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Previously we demonstrated that administration of sodium sulfide (Na(2)S), a hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) donor, markedly improved the neurological outcome and survival rate at 24 h after CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in mice. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the neuroprotective effects of Na(2)S and its impact on the long-term survival after CA/CPR in mice.

Author(s): 
Kida, Kotaro
Minamishima, Shizuka
Wang, Huifang
Ren, JiaQian
Yigitkanli, Kazim
Nozari, Ala
Mandeville, Joseph B.
Liu, Philip K.
Liu, Christina H.
Ichinose, Fumito
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Lactate levels are commonly evaluated in acutely ill patients. Although most often used in the context of evaluating shock, lactate levels can be elevated for many reasons. While tissue hypoperfusion may be the most common cause of elevation, many other etiologies or contributing factors exist. Clinicians need to be aware of the many potential causes of lactate level elevation as the clinical and prognostic importance of an elevated lactate level varies widely by disease state. Moreover, specific therapy may need to be tailored to the underlying cause of elevation.

Author(s): 
Andersen, Lars W.
Mackenhauer, Julie
Roberts, Jonathan C.
Berg, Katherine M.
Cocchi, Michael N.
Donnino, Michael W.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Heart Arrest