Heart Rate

Publication Title: 
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

Emotion-eliciting films are commonly used to evoke subjective emotional responses in experimental settings. The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether a set of film clips with discrete emotions were capable to elicit measurable objective physiological responses. The convergence between subjective and objective measures was evaluated. Finally, the effect of gender on emotional responses was investigated. A sample of 123 subjects participated in the study.

Author(s): 
Fern·ndez, Cristina
Pascual, Juan C.
Soler, Joaquim
Elices, Matilde
Portella, Maria J.
Fern·ndez-Abascal, Enrique
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: Compassion is critical for complementary and conventional care, but little is known about its direct physiologic effects. This study tested the feasibility of delivering two lengths of time (10 and 20 minutes) and two strategies (tactile and nontactile) for a practitioner to nonverbally communicate compassion to subjects who were blind to the interventions. METHODS: Healthy volunteers were informed that we were testing the effects of time and touch on the autonomic nervous system.

Author(s): 
Shaltout, Hossam A.
Tooze, Janet A.
Rosenberger, Erica
Kemper, Kathi J.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

We have known for decades that social support is associated with positive health outcomes. And yet, the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying this association remain poorly understood. The link between social support and positive health outcomes is likely to depend on the neurophysiological regulatory mechanisms underlying reward and defensive reactions. The present study examines the hypothesis that emotional social support (love) provides safety cues that activate the appetitive reward system and simultaneously inhibit defense reactions.

Author(s): 
Guerra, Pedro
S·nchez-Adam, Alicia
Anllo-Vento, Lourdes
RamÌrez, Isabel
Vila, Jaime
Publication Title: 
Psychological Science

The mechanisms underlying the association between positive emotions and physical health remain a mystery. We hypothesize that an upward-spiral dynamic continually reinforces the tie between positive emotions and physical health and that this spiral is mediated by people's perceptions of their positive social connections. We tested this overarching hypothesis in a longitudinal field experiment in which participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group that self-generated positive emotions via loving-kindness meditation or to a waiting-list control group.

Author(s): 
Kok, Bethany E.
Coffey, Kimberly A.
Cohn, Michael A.
Catalino, Lahnna I.
Vacharkulksemsuk, Tanya
Algoe, Sara B.
Brantley, Mary
Fredrickson, Barbara L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

Meditation is often associated with a relaxed state of the body. However, meditation can also be regarded as a type of mental task and training, associated with mental effort and physiological arousal. The cardiovascular effects of meditation may vary depending on the type of meditation, degree of mental effort, and amount of training.

Author(s): 
Lumma, Anna-Lena
Kok, Bethany E.
Singer, Tania
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

Meditation is often associated with a relaxed state of the body. However, meditation can also be regarded as a type of mental task and training, associated with mental effort and physiological arousal. The cardiovascular effects of meditation may vary depending on the type of meditation, degree of mental effort, and amount of training.

Author(s): 
Lumma, Anna-Lena
Kok, Bethany E.
Singer, Tania
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

The psychophysiological responses of 60 subjects were measured as they observed a performer play a roulette game. Half of the subjects were led to believe that they were similar to the performer in personality and values, and half were led to believe that they were dissimilar. Half of the subjects in each condition believed that the performer won money and experienced pain as he played the game, and half believed that he performed a cognitive and motor skill task.

Author(s): 
Krebs, D.
Publication Title: 
Cognition & Emotion

This study investigated children's empathic responses to their mother's distress to provide insight about child factors that contribute to parental socialisation of emotions. Four- to six-year-old children (N = 82) observed their mother's sadness and anger during a simulated emotional phone conversation.

Author(s): 
Tully, Erin C.
Donohue, Meghan Rose
Garcia, Sarah E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that grounding produces quantifiable physiologic changes. This study was set up to reproduce and expand earlier electrophysiologic and physiologic parameters measured immediately after grounding with improved methodology and state-of-the-art equipment. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: A multiparameter double-blind experiment was conducted with 14 men and 14 women (age range: 18-80) in relatively good health. Subjects were screened for health problems using a commonly used health questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Chevalier, Gaétan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Physiology
Author(s): 
Kissen, A. T.
Reifler, C. B.
Thaler, V. H.

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