Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated

Publication Title: 
Journal of Diabetes Investigation

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: A meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched to obtain eligible randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was fasting blood glucose, and the secondary outcomes included glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride and postprandial blood glucose. Weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.

Author(s): 
Cui, Jie
Yan, Jun-Hong
Yan, Li-Ming
Pan, Lei
Le, Jia-Jin
Guo, Yong-Zhong
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

The objective of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of different types of regular leisure-time physical activities and pooled the effect sizes of those activities on long-term glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes compared with routine care. This review included randomized controlled trials from 1960 to May 2014. A total of 10 Chinese and English databases were searched, following selection and critical appraisal, 18 randomized controlled trials with 915 participants were included.

Author(s): 
Pai, Lee-Wen
Li, Tsai-Chung
Hwu, Yueh-Juen
Chang, Shu-Chuan
Chen, Li-li
Chang, Pi-Ying
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to the effectiveness of qigong in the management of diabetes. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review of qigong intervention studies published in English or Chinese since 1980, retrieved from English-language databases and Chinese journals. Qigong intervention studies conducted with adults with diabetes, which reported both preintervention and postintervention measures of fasting blood glucose and/or hemoglobin A(1c)(HbA(1c)) were included. Sample characteristics, intervention frequency/duration, and metabolic outcomes were reviewed.

Author(s): 
Xin, Liu
Miller, Yvette D.
Brown, Wendy J.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To summarize and critically evaluate the evidence available from clinical trials (CTs) of qigong for patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We have searched the literature using 15 databases from their respective inceptions through March 2009 without language restrictions. Risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane criteria. RESULTS: Nine CTs, which included three randomized clinical trials (RCTs), one controlled clinical trial (CCT) and five uncontrolled observational studies (UOSs), met our inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Lee, Myeong Soo
Chen, Kevin W.
Choi, Tae-Young
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Complementary and alternative medicines have been increasingly used as a co adjuvant treatment of chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus. However, very little is known, especially in western countries, about its effects in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate clinical evidences regarding the effect of Chinese therapeutic exercises (Qigong) in the treatment of T2DM.

Author(s): 
Freire, Marcos Dantas Moraes
Alves, Cresio
Publication Title: 
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes: Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association

The aqueous extract of the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. has been evaluated for its antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced mild diabetic rats and compared with a known drug, tolbutamide. The oral effective dose (ED) of the extract was observed to be 200 mg/kg body weight, which produced a fall of 55.6% (p<0.01) in the oral glucose tolerance test.

Author(s): 
Murali, Y. K.
Anand, P.
Tandon, V.
Singh, R.
Chandra, R.
Murthy, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental

OBJECTIVE: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a stable index of chronic glycemic status and hyperglycemia associated with progressive development of insulin resistance and frank diabetes. It is also associated with premature aging and increased mortality. To uncover novel loci for HbA1c that are associated with healthy aging, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using non-diabetic participants in the Long Life Family Study (LLFS), a study with familial clustering of exceptional longevity in the US and Denmark.

Author(s): 
An, Ping
Miljkovic, Iva
Thyagarajan, Bharat
Kraja, Aldi T.
Daw, E. Warwick
Pankow, James S.
Selvin, Elizabeth
Kao, W. H. Linda
Maruthur, Nisa M.
Nalls, Micahel A.
Liu, Yongmei
Harris, Tamara B.
Lee, Joseph H.
Borecki, Ingrid B.
Christensen, Kaare
Eckfeldt, John H.
Mayeux, Richard
Perls, Thomas T.
Newman, Anne B.
Province, Michael A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Many hypotheses of disease risk and prevention depend on inferences about the metabolic effects of fructose; however, there is inadequate attention to dose dependency. Fructose is proving to have bidirectional effects. At moderate or high doses, an effect on any one marker may be absent or even the opposite of that observed at very high or excessive doses; examples include fasting plasma triglyceride, insulin sensitivity, and the putative marker uric acid.

Author(s): 
Livesey, Geoffrey

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