The clinical, haematological and biochemical findings, treatment and outcome of 63 cows with haemorrhagic bowel syndrome are described. The general condition and demeanor were moderately to severely abnormal in all the cows. Signs of colic occurred in 27 cows, decreased rectal temperature in 46 and tachycardia in 44. With the exception of one cow, intestinal motility was decreased or absent. Transrectal palpation revealed dilatation of the rumen in 47 cows and dilatation of the small intestine in 18.
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Although serotherapy against snakebite has been discovered more than one hundred years ago, antivenom is not available all over Brazil. The use of plants from folk medicine is common mainly in the Brazilian Amazon area. One of these plants is named Humirianthera ampla (HA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have investigated HA extract and constituents' antiophidic activity in different experimental protocols against some Bothrops snake venoms (Bothrops jararacussu, Bothrops atrox and Bothrops jararaca).
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
An experimental model was utilized to examine the physiological effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory compounds on locally induced inflammatory lesions in laboratory rabbits. The modulation of specific parameters associated with the inflammatory response, was monitored in vivo using radiolabeled cells and proteins, following the local administration of either indomethacin (INDO), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) or sterile saline (as control) in the dermis.
BACKGROUND: Interventional pain management is a specialty that utilizes invasive procedures to diagnose and treat chronic pain. Patients undergoing these treatments may be receiving exogenous anticoagulants and antithrombotics. Even though the risk of major bleeding is very small, the consequences can be catastrophic. However, the role of antithrombotic therapy for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease to decrease the incidence of acute cerebral and cardiovascular events is also crucial.
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and management of 472 Chinese children (age 1~14 years) with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The distribution of cases by age showed a maximum at 4 years and more patients below 7 years old than between 7 and 14 years old had ITP (337, 71.4% vs. 135, 28.6%). Variable bleeding signs occurred in this series of patients. Steroids therapy was effective for Chinese children with chronic ITP whether as first- or second-line therapy. Traditional Chinese medicine was less effective than steroids.
Cantharidin, an active component in mylabris, is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat scabies and hepatoma, but accompanied by hemorrhagic cystitis. Evidence shows that cantharidin induces human bladder carcinoma cell death through COX-2 overexpression in vitro. In TCM, Scutellaria baicalensis is usually used to cure mylabris-induced hematuria. This work was undertaken to determine the mechanisms of cantharidin-induced rat hemorrhagic cystitis and explore the uroprotective effect of S. baicalensis.
BACKGROUND: Urethral mucosal prolapse is rare. This condition may be confused with tumour or sexual abuse in girls. This study aims at reporting the pathology presentation and therapeutic options of urethral prolapse in girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken from January 2000 to December 2008. Authors analysed the clinical features and the treatment options. RESULTS: There were nine cases of urethral prolapse. The ages ranged from 2.5 to 10 years (mean age: 5.08 years). The main presentation was vaginal bleeding (five cases).
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.