Hepatitis B

Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with acupuncture treatment for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. A systematic review of the literature for clinical trials was performed up to September 2008. RCTs assessing acupuncture point stimulation for patients with HBV infection were considered for inclusion. The search identified 70 relevant trials meeting the inclusion.

Author(s): 
Zheng, Shumei
Du, Juan
Lu, Xiaoqin
Zhang, Yajun
Hu, Lisheng
Wang, Wei
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

The antiviral effects of aqueous extracts of Terminalis chebula Retz., Sanguisorba officinalis L., Rubus coreanus Miq. and Rheum palmatum L. were examined by a cell culture system using a hepatitis B virus (HBV) producing cell line, HepG2 2.2.15. The extracts were assayed for the inhibition of HBV multiplication by measurement of HBV DNA and surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in the extracellular medium of HepG2 2.2.15 cells after an 8-day treatment.

Author(s): 
Kim, T. G.
Kang, S. Y.
Jung, K. K.
Kang, J. H.
Lee, E.
Han, H. M.
Kim, S. H.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology

BACKGROUND: Patients with thalassemia major are largely transfusion dependent and are thus exposed to a variety of risks such as transmission of infectious diseases, iron overload and alloimmunization. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of human immune deficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and red cell antibodies among multiple-transfused thalassemic patients in and around the national capital region.

Author(s): 
Makroo, Raj Nath
Arora, Jatinder Singh
Chowdhry, Mohit
Bhatia, Aakanksha
Thakur, Uday Kumar
Minimol, Antony
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Irish Medical Association
Author(s): 
Blackburn, E. K.
Publication Title: 
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are a major threat worldwide. Combination therapy of interferon-alpha and ribavirin is currently the treatment of choice for HCV-infected patients. However, this regimen is only effective in approximately 50% of patients and provokes severe side-effects. Numerous natural alternatives for treating HCV have been suggested. Deoxynojirimycin and its derivatives are iminosugars which exert anti-HCV activity by inhibiting alpha-glucosidases.

Author(s): 
Wohlfarth, Carolin
Efferth, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Bioscience Trends

Hepatitis B induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains a major public health problem worldwide. Although several antiviral drugs have been approved for hepatitis B, they cause significant dose-dependent side-effects (interferon-alpha) and drug resistance (lamivudine, etc.). Safe and potent new anti-HBV drugs are urgently needed. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an established segment of the health care system in China and widely used for hepatitis B in China and many parts of the world.

Author(s): 
Cui, Xiaoyan
Wang, Yueling
Kokudo, Norihiro
Fang, Dingzhi
Tang, Wei
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

Nearly 20 years afer the licensure of a vaccine against the hepatitis B virus, an estimated 300,000 U.S. residents still become infected with the potentially fatal liver virus every year. One major reason for the persistence of hepatitis B is that few adolescents and adults whose sexual and drug-using behavior places them in danger of infection are able to obtain the vaccine. Public health authorities and legislators have spent hundreds of millions of dollars to vaccinate low-risk but politically popular babies, while largely ignoring high-risk older siblings, parents, aunts, and uncles.

Author(s): 
Sharfstein, J.
Publication Title: 
Asian American and Pacific Islander Journal of Health

PURPOSE: This report summarizes a vaccination coverage survey of 65 immigrant and refugee families in San Diego County. It included gathering information from 19 community and government organizations on the immunization system, and on families' barriers impeding immunization. METHODS: The "rapid appraisal" exploratory method flexibly used several research methods, such as informant interviews and door-to-door surveys, changing methods as new questions were uncovered.

Author(s): 
Vryheid, R. E.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medical Humanities

In the decade following hepatitis B vaccine's 1981 approval, U.S. health officials issued evolving guidelines on who should receive the vaccine: first, gay men, injection drug users, and healthcare workers; later, hepatitis B-positive women's children; and later still, all newborns. States laws that mandated the vaccine for all children were quietly accepted in the 1990s; in the 2000s, however, popular anti-vaccine sentiment targeted the shot as an emblem of immunization policy excesses.

Author(s): 
Conis, Elena
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medical Humanities

In the decade following hepatitis B vaccine's 1981 approval, U.S. health officials issued evolving guidelines on who should receive the vaccine: first, gay men, injection drug users, and healthcare workers; later, hepatitis B-positive women's children; and later still, all newborns. States laws that mandated the vaccine for all children were quietly accepted in the 1990s; in the 2000s, however, popular anti-vaccine sentiment targeted the shot as an emblem of immunization policy excesses.

Author(s): 
Conis, Elena

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