Higher Nervous Activity

Publication Title: 
Activitas Nervosa Superior
Author(s): 
Horvai, I.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

The most complex unconditioned "reflexes of aim and freedom," discovered by I.P. Pavlov, are compared with the "competence drive" and the "motivation of the resistance to coercion," respectively, described by contemporary ethologists. On the basis of the unconditioned "reflex of purpose," conditioned reflexes were developed in which positive emotions arising in connection with the perfection of a skill, irrespective of its pragmatic significance at a given moment, serve as the reinforcement.

Author(s): 
Simonov, P. V.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

Intercentral relations of electrical activity of sensorimotor and premotor cortical areas of the right and left hemispheres were studied by means of coherence analysis during interaction of "animal hypnosis" and motor polarization dominant created by the action of DC anode on the area of the left hemisphere in rabbits. It was shown that the session of the "animal hypnosis" performed on the background of the optimum of polarization dominant elicited disappearance of asymmetry of coherence in the delta-range frequency of electrical activity of the examined cortical areas.

Author(s): 
Rusinova, E. V.
Davydov, V. I.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

The state of "animal hypnosis" in rabbits was created by the DC current anode applied to the sensorimotor cortical area of the left hemisphere. It was impossible to elicit the "animal hypnosis" during the optimum of the dominant. The state of "animal hypnosis" could be easily elicited against the background of weak motor dominant on the next day after its creation. The "animal hypnosis" restored the "left" motor dominant after its extinction.

Author(s): 
Rusinova, E. V.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

The study of the interaction between the "animal hypnosis" and hunger dominant after its multiple creation showed that the first applications of the forced immobilization against the background of hunger dominant optimum elicited the long-lasting hypnotic state of the animal (4-20 minutes). The hunger dominant was retained in hypnotic state of the animal, i.e., the testing stimuli produced summation swallowing and masticatory movements.

Author(s): 
Malikova, A. K.
Pavlygina, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

The character of interaction between two dominant foci (motivation hunger dominant and "animal hypnosis") which had been formed in the rabbit brain was ambiguous: the foci could either function simultaneously or compete. In the first case, summation food reactions were observed when the hunger dominant was tested during a hypnotic episode against the background of deep and continuous hypnotic state. Brain thermal activity was asymmetric the temperature being higher in the parieto-occipital areas of the left hemisphere.

Author(s): 
Malikova, A. K.
Petrova, E. V.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

The electrical activity of the left and right sensorimotor cortex and left and right dorsal hippocampus (CA3 fields) was recorded during "animal hypnosis" in rabbits. The "animal hypnosis" produced asymmetry in the spectral power of the hippocampal electrical activity due to an increase in the power of delta 1, delta 2, and theta 1 components in the left-hippocampus and decrease in the spectral power in the same ranges in the right-hippocampus.

Author(s): 
Rusinova, E. V.
Roshchina, G. Ia
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952)

The results of balneotherapy in patients with cerebroasthenic and hypertensive syndromes are described. Twenty-four children were examined electrophysiologically and neuropsychologically before and after sanatorium treatment. Massage, exercises, drug therapy, radon and carbon dioxide and sulfurated hydrogen baths were used. Sanatorium treatment resulted in a significant improvement of the general condition, of bioelectrical cerebral activity, of brain hemo- and CSF-dynamics as well as in the recovery of cortical functional activity.

Author(s): 
Dadiomova, M. A.
Shipitsyna, L. M.
Goriachkina, M. V.
Gendel's, B. S.
Babina, L. M.
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