Hip

Publication Title: 
Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association

PURPOSE: Gross hip instability is a rare complication after hip arthroscopy, and there is limited literature surrounding this topic. This systematic review investigates cases of gross hip instability after arthroscopy and discusses the risk factors associated with this complication. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in duplicate for studies investigating gross hip instability after hip arthroscopy up to October 2015.

Author(s): 
Yeung, Marco
Memon, Muzammil
Simunovic, Nicole
Belzile, Etienne
Philippon, Marc J.
Ayeni, Olufemi R.
Publication Title: 
Antiviral Therapy

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether statin exposure in antiretroviral-treated individuals is associated with increases in hip circumference compared with HIV treatment without concomitant statin use. METHODS: This was a prospective multicentre cohort study involving individuals who had received antiretroviral therapy for at least 40 weeks and who were enrolled in the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Longitudinal Linked Randomized Trials cohort. There were 2,223 participants in the statin-unexposed group and 371 in the statin-exposed group.

Author(s): 
Brown, Todd T.
Smurzynski, Marlene
Wu, Kunling
Bosch, Ronald J.
McComsey, Grace A.
Publication Title: 
Clinics in Sports Medicine

Hip and pelvic injuries are relatively rare in the young athlete. Contusions and musculotendinous sprains are the most common injuries about the hip and pelvis. Apophyseal avulsion fractures and stress fractures are the most frequently encountered skeletal injuries. Each of these entities can be successfully treated with guided physical therapy following conservative management with rest, anti-inflammatory medications, and ice massage until the patient is pain free. Epiphyseal, diaphyseal, or pathologic fractures are rare entities that are secondary to violent trauma.

Author(s): 
Waters, P. M.
Millis, M. B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research / National Strength & Conditioning Association

Massage for the purpose of health dates back to early civilization and more recently has been used in the management and prevention of sport injuries. Massage has also been used as part of a warm-up to help increase acute flexibility. However, the physiological benefits and mechanisms of massage are not well known. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of 3 massage conditions on hip flexion range of motion (ROM). This experimentation involved a novel massage technique, which focused the massage on the musculotendinous junction for a short duration.

Author(s): 
Huang, Stacey Y.
Di Santo, Mario
Wadden, Katie P.
Cappa, Dario F.
Alkanani, Thamir
Behm, David G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: The Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research

A higher calcium intake is still the primary recommendation for the prevention of osteoporosis, whereas vitamin D deficiency is often not addressed. To study the relative importance of dietary calcium intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status in regard to hip BMD, 4958 community-dwelling women and 5003 men >/=20 yr of age from the U.S. NHANES III population-based survey were studied. Calcium supplement users and individuals with a prior radius or hip fracture were excluded.

Author(s): 
Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike A.
Kiel, Douglas P.
Dawson-Hughes, Bess
Orav, John E.
Li, Ruifeng
Spiegelman, Donna
Dietrich, Thomas
Willett, Walter C.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Calcium supplementation of pregnant Gambian women with a low calcium intake results in lower maternal bone mineral content in the subsequent lactation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether the lower bone mineral content persists long term. DESIGN: All women in the calcium supplementation trial (International Trial Registry ISRCTN96502494) who had been scanned with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at 52 wk of lactation (L52; n = 79) were invited for follow-up when neither pregnant nor lactating for ≥3 mo (NPNL) or at 52 wk postpartum in a future lactation (F52).

Author(s): 
Jarjou, Landing M. A.
Sawo, Yankuba
Goldberg, Gail R.
Laskey, M. Ann
Cole, Tim J.
Prentice, Ann
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The hip extension test may be a clinical sign of impaired motor control in the lumbar spine, which may have a negative impact on spine stability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interexaminer reliability of the hip extension test for suspected dynamic instability of the lumbar spine in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Forty-two patients with chronic low back pain participated in this interexaminer reliability study.

Author(s): 
Murphy, Donald R.
Byfield, David
McCarthy, Peter
Humphreys, Kim
Gregory, Amy A.
Rochon, Ryan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document the quantity and type of research conducted on the chiropractic management of lower extremity conditions. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted using the CINAHL, MEDLINE, MANTIS, and Science Direct databases (each from inception to December 15, 2005). Search terms included chiropractic, hip, knee, ankle, foot, with Medical Subject Heading terms for each region. Inclusion criteria included studies with a lower extremity diagnosis, and the treatment was performed by doctors of chiropractic.

Author(s): 
Hoskins, Wayne
McHardy, Andrew
Pollard, Henry
Windsham, Ross
Onley, Rorey
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to investigate whether any differences exist in the activity of the cervical erector spinae and upper trapezius (TRA) muscles between asymptomatic participants who show "normal" and "abnormal" lumbar spine motion patterns during the prone hip extension (PHE) test. METHODS: Twenty-six asymptomatic participants recruited from a chiropractic college participated in the study.

Author(s): 
Bruno, Paul A.
Murphy, Donald R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

BACKGROUND: The biomechanical relationship between the hip and low back is well described and impairment of hip range of motion is thought to affect lumbar spine function, possibly leading to increased loading and subsequent symptoms. However therapy for low back pain (LBP) patients is commonly directed solely to the low back area overlooking possible hip impairment. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old male recreational golfer presented with a chronic golf-related low back complaint. Previous conservative therapy targeting the spine did not result in complete symptom relief.

Author(s): 
Lejkowski, Peter M.
Poulsen, Erik

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