History, 16th Century

Publication Title: 
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is today practiced worldwide, rivaling biomedicine in terms of its globalization. One of the most common TCM diagnoses is "Liver qi constraint," which, in turn, is commonly treated by an herbal formula dating back to the 10th century. In everyday TCM practice, biomedical disease categories such as depression or anxiety and popular disease categories such as stress are often conflated with the Chinese medical notion of constraint.

Author(s): 
Scheid, Volker
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

I-Ching or Yi-Jing ([see text] also known as The Book of Changes) is the earliest classic in China. It simply explained the formation of the universe and the relationship of man to the universe. Most, if not all, branches of various knowledge, including traditional Chinese medicine, can be traced back its origin to this Book in which Fu Shi ([see text] 2852 B.C.) theorized how the universe was formed, through his keen observation of environment and orbits of sun, moon and stars. He used symbols to represent his views.

Author(s): 
Lu, Dominic P.
Publication Title: 
Biological Research for Nursing

Burnout is a work-related mental health impairment comprising three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Reiki aims to help replenish and rebalance the body's energetic system, thus stimulating the healing process. The objective of this placebo-controlled, repeated measures, crossover, single-blind, randomized trial was to analyze the immediate effects of Reiki on heart rate variability (HRV), body temperature, and salivary flow rate and cortisol level in health care professionals with burnout syndrome (BS).

Author(s): 
Díaz-Rodríguez, Lourdes
Arroyo-Morales, Manuel
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, César
García-Lafuente, Francisca
García-Royo, Carmen
Tomás-Rojas, Inmaculada
Publication Title: 
Biological Research for Nursing

Burnout is a work-related mental health impairment comprising three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Reiki aims to help replenish and rebalance the body's energetic system, thus stimulating the healing process. The objective of this placebo-controlled, repeated measures, crossover, single-blind, randomized trial was to analyze the immediate effects of Reiki on heart rate variability (HRV), body temperature, and salivary flow rate and cortisol level in health care professionals with burnout syndrome (BS).

Author(s): 
Díaz-Rodríguez, Lourdes
Arroyo-Morales, Manuel
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, César
García-Lafuente, Francisca
García-Royo, Carmen
Tomás-Rojas, Inmaculada
Publication Title: 
The Western Journal of Medicine

Although both the philosophic and physiologic basis of acupuncture seems fanciful to Western medical thinking, the results obtained in the treatment of certain disease states cannot be lightly dismissed. Its use in the induction of surgical analgesia may have immediate application for Western Medicine. Its mechanism of action is a complete enigma, but information accumulated from research in hypnosis, visceral learning and, most important, the physiology of pain perception may contain clues to the pathophysiologic principles involved.

Author(s): 
Lewin, A. J.
Publication Title: 
Chinese Medical Journal
Author(s): 
Zhou, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Survey of Ophthalmology

Couching for cataract is one of the most ancient surgical procedures. Maharshi Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, first described the procedure around 600 BCE in Sushruta Samhita. The procedure, also known as jin pi shu in Mandarin, was introduced to China via the Silk Road during the late West Han Dynasty (206 BCE-9 CE), and it spread throughout China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE). As the procedure was combined with the Chinese concept of acupuncture, jin pi shu was integrated into Chinese medical practice until the founding of the Republic of China in 1911.

Author(s): 
Chan, Chi-Chao

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