Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
BACKGROUND: There is a discrepancy between the outcome of a meta-analysis published in 1997 of 89 trials of homeopathy by Linde et al and an analysis of 110 trials by Shang et al published in 2005, these reached opposite conclusions. Important data were not mentioned in Shang et al's paper, but only provided subsequently. QUESTIONS: What was the outcome of Shang et al's predefined hypotheses? Were the homeopathic and conventional trials comparable? Was subgroup selection justified? The possible role of ineffective treatments. Was the conclusion about effect justified?
Physis; Rivista Internazionale Di Storia Della Scienza
The focus of this paper is the interplay between evidence and theory, which is at the heart of the methodological question. I address it using as a case study the homeopathic medicine discovered/invented by C.S. Hahnemann in the late eighteenth century.
Stress urinary incontinence is a serious threat to the well-being of women world-wide. In this scoping review of the literature, we examined the most prominent research foci between the years 2004 and 2013. In this article, conservative treat-ment is operationalized as any non-surgical or non-pharmacological treatment modalities that could be carried out by specially trained nurses, physiotherapists, or physicians to treat stress urinary incontinence in women.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology = Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire
My desire as a young endocrinologist to improve my clinical skills through a better knowledge of hormone chemistry led me to serendipitous discoveries and unexpected horizons. The first discovery, published in 1967, revealed that peptide hormones are derived from endoproteolytic cleavages of larger precursor polypeptides. It was the foundation of the prohormone theory.
This review starts by introducing the history and underlying culture of meat production and consumption in Japan since early times, and the effects of social change on these parameters. Meat processing in Japan is described, and certain other related papers are also introduced. Automatic machines for meat cutting have been developed by the Japanese food industry and are currently being used throughout the world, particularly in Europe.
The case for replacing the binary Kraepelinian system with a continuum concept originated with Kraepelin [Kraepelin, E. (1920) Die Erscheinungsformen des Irreseins (translated by H Marshall as: Patterns of mental disorder. In: Themes and Variations in European Psychiatry. Eds S.R. Hirsch & M. Shepherd. Wright, Bristol, pp7-30, l974). Zeitschrift Gesamte Neurologie Psychiatrie, vol. 62, 1-29.], and is based upon studies of familial aggregation and phenomenology. Craddock and Owen's [Craddock, N.J., Owen, M.J.