History, Medieval

Publication Title: 
Progress in Clinical and Biological Research
Author(s): 
Darby, W. J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology

To elucidate the impact of diet on age-at-death determinations based on molar attrition a comparison was made between the established rate of attrition in three populations; a pre-mediaeval (British), a late mediaeval (Dutch) and a 17-18th century (Dutch) (western European). It appeared that the rate decreased dramatically during the overall time span and that this change was probably diet related and owing to the coarseness of foodstuffs.

Author(s): 
Maat, G. J.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)

In millennia past, and until recently, among hunter-gatherers and like populations, in all populations, in measure, down through the ages, the securing of sufficient food was life's primary purpose. Virtually all people were physically very active during early life and later in their everyday occupations.

Author(s): 
Walker, Alexander R. P.
Walker, Betty F.
Adam, Fatima
Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Cuisine, broadly food culture, has evolved greatly in the past ten thousand years, following the domestication of plants and animals which greatly increased the food supply and led to villages, cities and civilizations. Major factors in the evolution of cuisines have been the existing biota, soils, fuel for cooking and climates, followed by new technologies, exploration and trade. These provide the context of the world's amazing variety of cuisines, but not the understanding of why cuisines developed as they have, in particular why China has the world's greatest cuisine.

Author(s): 
MacLennan, Robert
Zhang, Aizhen
Publication Title: 
Gerontology

BACKGROUND: The link between longevity and diet is of great interest to biological and gerontological research. The fact that relevant knowledge has generally been available for many centuries is often not remarked upon.

Author(s): 
Schafer, Daniel
Publication Title: 
Georgian Medical News

The goal of the investigation was studying Georgian medicinal manuscripts of X-XVIII centuries in order to find out ideas of ancient authors regarding peculiarities of healthy lifestyle from the moment of birth till the elderly age. Results of analysis of Georgian medieval medicinal manuscripts allow us to conclude, that Caucasian longevity is determined not only by genetic, ecological, social and hygiene factors, but also by rational diet, proper treatment, remedies of plant origin and healthy lifestyle, existing in Caucasian cultural anthropology.

Author(s): 
Shengelia, R.
Khelaia, N.
Chkhaidze, Z.
Gurgenidze, M.
Mamatsashvili, T.
Publication Title: 
Le Infezioni in Medicina: Rivista Periodica Di Eziologia, Epidemiologia, Diagnostica, Clinica E Terapia Delle Patologie Infettive

The author presents the history of the places where patients with epidemic pathologies were isolated. Since the study of medicine began, such places have been known as asclepiei, xenodochi, hospices, lazarettos, sanitary cordons, and quarantine stations and they contributed to controlling epidemics in Europe. Important not only in the context in which they were created, these structures expressed the medical culture and point of view of that age.

Author(s): 
Sabbatani, Sergio
Publication Title: 
Der Urologe. Ausg. A

The growth of the city's population, rapid advances in medical science, the increasing understanding of the importance of hygiene and, finally, the demand for health care led to the erection of a modern 353-bed municipal hospital complex at Pommerensdorf, Apfelallee, which was officially opened in 1879. From the very beginning of its existence, the municipal hospital was constantly in the process of extension and rebuilding. A hospital base was set up and new departments and clinics were opened. In 1937, the number of the hospital beds had increased to 1,004.

Author(s): 
Zajaczkowski, T.
Wojewski-Zajaczkowski, E. M.
Publication Title: 
Le Infezioni in Medicina: Rivista Periodica Di Eziologia, Epidemiologia, Diagnostica, Clinica E Terapia Delle Patologie Infettive

The loss of low-lying farm-land to marshes and swamps was a striking phenomenon in Italy and other regions of Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. Throughout the Middle Ages extensive fertile agricultural lands were abandoned due to increased marshiness and the risk of the spread of malaria diffusion. In economic and social terms, this was a further source of decline.

Author(s): 
Sabbatani, S.
Publication Title: 
Medizinhistorisches Journal

Next to the late Heinrich Schipperges, Gundolf Keil, M.D. and Ph.D. (Medieval German), ranks as one of the foremost German medical historians of the Western Middle Ages. Among his lasting merits is the publication of the MS Bamb. med. 1, called by him Lorscher Arzneibuch (Lorsch Medical Manual), which was written during the first years of the 9th century in the abbey of Lorsch (near Worms). Keil maintained that this work was not only the first medical book copied in the German-speaking area but that it was also drawn up in Lorsch and contained e.g.

Author(s): 
Fischer, Klaus-Dietrich

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