HIV Infections

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Infection with human immunodeficency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficency syndrome (AIDS) is a pandemic that has affected millions of people globally. Although major research and clinical initiatives are addressing prevention and cure strategies, issues of quality of life for survivors have received less attention. Massage therapy is proposed to have a positive effect on quality of life and may also have a positive effect on immune function through stress mediation.

Author(s): 
Hillier, Susan L.
Louw, Quinette
Morris, Linzette
Uwimana, Jeanine
Statham, Sue
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress.

Author(s): 
Payne, Cathy
Wiffen, Philip J.
Martin, Suzanne
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS.

Author(s): 
van der Heijden, Ingrid
Abrahams, Naeemah
Sinclair, David
Publication Title: 
Sexual Health

OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated review of condom migration as a means of highlighting methodological issues for future studies of this behavioural issue. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed, MEDLINE and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were carried out in October 2010 and updated in January 2011 for English-language articles published from 1994 onward. RESULTS: Evidence addressing condom migration from microbicides and vaccines is vastly underdeveloped, simply because these products are still experimental.

Author(s): 
Crosby, Richard A.
Ricks, Janelle
Young, April
Publication Title: 
Psychology, Health & Medicine

The Health Belief Model provides a framework to understand motivators for volunteering for medical research. Motivators can take the form of social and personal benefits. In this systematic review of review articles, we contrast motivators of participation in actual cancer trials to those in actual HIV vaccine trials. We retrieved eight review articles from 2000 to 2012 examining motivators to participation in actual cancer trials.

Author(s): 
Dhalla, Shayesta
Poole, Gary
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Although the efficacy of small-group, risk reduction interventions based on cognitive behavioral principles has been widely documented in HIV behavioral research literature, little is known about how AIDS service organizations (ASOs) view these research-based models. From a nationwide sample of 77 ASOs, this study assessed factors influencing attitudes of prevention program directors and frontline staff toward research-based interventions.

Author(s): 
DiFranceisco, W.
Kelly, J. A.
Otto-Salaj, L.
McAuliffe, T. L.
Somlai, A. M.
Hackl, K.
Heckman, T. G.
Holtgrave, D. R.
Rompa, D. J.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress.

Author(s): 
Payne, Cathy
Wiffen, Philip J.
Martin, Suzanne
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Cardiology

HIV-infected patients have a greater prevalence of dyslipidemia, earlier incidence and progression of atherosclerosis, and a nearly twofold increased risk for myocardial infarction compared with those not infected with HIV. Pre-existing cardiovascular risk factors, viral replication, and antiviral treatments all contribute to this accelerated and increased risk for cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected subjects.

Author(s): 
Feinstein, Matthew J.
Achenbach, Chad J.
Stone, Neil J.
Lloyd-Jones, Donald M.
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology Review

In the context of successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the management of HIV infection, the harmful effects of stress remain a significant threat. Stress may increase viral replication, suppress immune response, and impede adherence to ART. Stressful living conditions of poverty, facing a chronic life-threatening illness and stigma all exacerbate chronic stress in HIV-affected populations. Stress-reduction interventions are urgently needed for the comprehensive care of people living with HIV.

Author(s): 
Riley, Kristen E.
Kalichman, Seth
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

Chronic pain occurs in as many as 85% of individuals with HIV and is associated with substantial functional impairment. Little guidance is available for HIV providers seeking to address their patients' chronic pain. We conducted a systematic review to identify clinical trials and observational studies that examined the impact of pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions on pain and/or functional outcomes among HIV-infected individuals with chronic pain in high-development countries. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria and were mostly low or very low quality.

Author(s): 
Merlin, Jessica S.
Bulls, Hailey W.
Vucovich, Lee A.
Edelman, E. Jennifer
Starrels, Joanna L.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - HIV Infections