HIV Infections

Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately impacted by STIs and HIV. In addition to traditional risk factors, increasing attention has been given to the potential role of affective components of a sexual encounter, including mood state. To date, no study has described sexual behaviors engaged in by those who report being in love (or not) during a given sexual event. Internet-based survey data were collected from 24,787 gay and bisexual men who were members of online websites facilitating social or sexual interactions with other men.

Author(s): 
Rosenberger, Joshua G.
Herbenick, Debby
Novak, David S.
Reece, Michael
Publication Title: 
Health Promotion International

Male participation in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV has been determined as one of the key factors in sub-Saharan African countries, but its realization is challenging because of male-related and institutional factors. The purpose of this study is two-fold: first, we explored the views of Luba-Kasai men, living in Zambia in the Lusaka Province, on the factors that encourage, inconvenience or inhibit them in accompanying their wives to the antenatal clinic and their ideas to improve their experience.

Author(s): 
Auvinen, Jaana
Kylm‰, Jari
V‰lim‰ki, Maritta
Bweupe, Max
Suominen, Tarja
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Couples-based HIV counseling and testing (CHCT) is a proven strategy to reduce the risk of HIV transmission between partners, but uptake of CHCT is low. We describe the study design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to increase participation in CHCT and reduce sexual risk behavior for HIV among heterosexual couples in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. We hypothesize that the rate of participation in CHCT will be higher and sexual risk behavior will be lower in the intervention group as compared to the control.

Author(s): 
Darbes, Lynae A.
van Rooyen, Heidi
Hosegood, Victoria
Ngubane, Thulani
Johnson, Mallory O.
Fritz, Katherine
McGrath, Nuala
Publication Title: 
Health Care for Women International

Our purpose in this study was to understand the importance of male partner support in the childbearing decision-making processes of women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHA) by exploring their perceptions of support after disclosure, prepartum, and postpartum. We conducted in-depth interviews with 15 WLHA who were receiving clinical HIV care at a teaching hospital in Lagos. Results show that all male partners were consistently supportive, except the partner of the only unmarried participant.

Author(s): 
Sofolahan-Oladeinde, Yewande
Airhihenbuwa, Collins O.
Publication Title: 
African journal of AIDS research: AJAR

Men and women in Swaziland who are engaged in multiple or concurrent sexual partnerships, or who have sexual partners with concurrent partners, face a very high risk of HIV infection. Ninety-four in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 Swazi men and women (14 of each sex) between the ages of 20 and 39 to explore participants' sexual partnership histories, including motivations for sexual relationships which carried high HIV risk.

Author(s): 
Ruark, Allison
Dlamini, Lunga
Mazibuko, Nonhlanhla
Green, Edward C.
Kennedy, Caitlin
Nunn, Amy
Flanigan, Timothy
Surkan, Pamela J.
Publication Title: 
AIDS and behavior

Using data from a sample of single young men who have sex with men (N = 1,359, ages 18-24, 65 % White, 93 % gay), we examined whether the number of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) partners with differed across relationship typologies (e.g., friends with benefits, hookups, romantic interests). We then examined how safer sex self-efficacy, decisional balance to forego condoms, ideal relationship attributes (i.e., intimacy, passion and commitment), and limerence were associated with UAI.

Author(s): 
Bauermeister, JosÈ A.
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

Men who have sex with men account for a disproportionate burden of HIV incidence in the USA. Although much research has examined the drivers of sexual risk-taking, the emotional contexts in which men make sexual decisions has received little attention. In this three-phase, 10-week longitudinal qualitative study involving 25 gay and bisexual men, we used timeline-based interviews and quantitative web-based diaries about sexual and/or dating partners to examine how emotions influence HIV risk perceptions and sexual decision-making.

Author(s): 
Goldenberg, Tamar
Finneran, Catherine
Andes, Karen L.
Stephenson, Rob
Publication Title: 
Global Public Health

The last 20 years have seen a proliferation of research, spurred by the imperatives of the HIV epidemic and reportedly high rates of gender-based violence, on heterosexual practices in the South African context. Research has focused on how poverty, age and gender within specific cultural contexts shape sexual agency and provide a context for unequal, coercive and violent practices for young women.

Author(s): 
Shefer, Tamara
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: We examined correlates of love and trust among female sex workers and their noncommercial male partners along the Mexico-US border. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, 322 partners in Tijuana and Ciudad Ju·rez, Mexico, completed assessments of love and trust. Cross-sectional dyadic regression analyses identified associations of relationship characteristics and HIV risk behaviors with love and trust. RESULTS: Within 161 couples, love and trust scores were moderately high (median 70/95 and 29/40 points, respectively) and correlated with relationship satisfaction.

Author(s): 
Syvertsen, Jennifer L.
Bazzi, Angela Robertson
Martinez, Gustavo
Rangel, M. Gudelia
Ulibarri, Monica D.
Fergus, Kirkpatrick B.
Amaro, Hortensia
Strathdee, Steffanie A.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

The burden of HIV affects not only HIV-infected patients but also their families and caregivers. It is also known that family support is crucial for people living with HIV. A qualitative study was conducted to explore the life experiences, within the family context, of perinatally HIV-infected (pHIV-I) youth in Puerto Rico. Twenty in-depth interviews were performed and audio-recorded. Within the family context, study participants experienced acceptance, love and support but also stigma and discrimination. They reported that family is an essential component in their lives and treatment.

Author(s): 
Silva-Su·rez, Georgina
Bastida, Elena
Rabionet, Silvia E.
Beck-SaguÈ, Consuelo
Febo, Irma
Zorrilla, Carmen D.

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