HIV Infections

Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Interest in medication-taking as a social behaviour is growing. Drawing on qualitative data, this study interrogates beliefs and practices related to antiretroviral therapy (ART) use among urban poor Kenyan people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Responding PLWHA relied on a range of ingenious strategies to remember to take their medications but did not necessarily perceive compliance with medical instructions as key to treatment efficacy. They also believed that compliance can even hurt some patients.

Author(s): 
Izugbara, Chimaraoke O.
Wekesa, Eliud
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

In this study, late adolescents/early adults whose mothers were living with HIV (MLH) were interviewed in order to explore their perceptions of what it had been like for them to grow up under the shadow of their mothers' illness. Adolescents were asked to describe what the difficult aspects of growing up with an HIV-positive mother were as well as what, if any, were the more rewarding aspects. Interviews were conducted in 2009-2010 with a random sample of 40 adolescents being followed up in a longitudinal assessment study. All study participants were English or Spanish speaking.

Author(s): 
Murphy, Debra A.
Roberts, Kathleen Johnston
Herbeck, Diane M.
Publication Title: 
BMC research notes

BACKGROUND: Using two-way mobile phone text messages to improve adherence to antiretroviral medication enhances communication between patients and health workers. We describe the implications of participants' responses to text messages in the Cameroon Mobile Phone SMS (CAMPS) trial. FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from the intervention arm of the CAMPS trial.

Author(s): 
Mbuagbaw, Lawrence
Thabane, Lehana
Ongolo-Zogo, Pierre
Publication Title: 
AIDS patient care and STDs

This 10-year study (N=177) examines how people with HIV use spirituality to cope with life's trauma on top of HIV-related stress (e.g., facing death, stigma, poverty, limited healthcare) usual events. Spirituality, defined as a connection to a higher presence, is independent from religion (institutionalized spirituality). As a dynamic adaptive process, coping requires longitudinal studying. Qualitative content-analysis of interviews/essays yielded a coding of specific aspects and a longitudinal rating of overall spiritual coping.

Author(s): 
Kremer, Heidemarie
Ironson, Gail
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI).

Author(s): 
Severe, Linda
Fitzgerald, Daniel W.
Deschamps, Marie M.
Reif, Lindsey
Post, Kendall
Johnson, Warren D.
Pape, Jean W.
Boutin-Foster, Carla
Publication Title: 
AIDS and behavior

To explore the role of informal caregivers in adherence, we compared adherence reports by caregivers to those of care recipients. We identified individual-level and relationship factors associated with agreement between caregivers' reports of recipients' adherence and assessed viral suppression. Participants were care recipients, who were on ART and had ever injected drugs, and their caregivers (N†=†258 dyads). Nearly three-fourths of caregivers' reports of recipients' ART adherence agreed with recipients' viral suppression status.

Author(s): 
Knowlton, Amy R.
Mitchell, Mary M.
Robinson, Allysha C.
Nguyen, Trang Q.
Isenberg, Sarina
Denison, Julie
Publication Title: 
BMC infectious diseases

BACKGROUND: While patient-provider interactions are commonly understood as mutually constructed relationships, the role of patient behaviour, participation in interactions, and characteristics, particularly ideals surrounding notions of 'good' and 'bad' patients, are under-examined. This article examines social representations of 'a good patient' and how these representations affect patient-healthcare provider relationships and antiretroviral treatment (ART) for people living with HIV.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Catherine
Scott, Kerry
Skovdal, Morten
Madanhire, Claudius
Nyamukapa, Constance
Gregson, Simon
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

HIV-positive men who have sex with men (HIVMSM) face severe stigma and high levels of stressors, and have high prevalence of mental health problems (e.g., depression and anxiety). Very few studies explored the role of positive psychological factors on mental health problems among HIVMSM. The present study investigated the prevalence of two mental health problems (anxiety and depression), and their associated protective (gratitude) and risk (enacted HIV-related stigma, and perceived stress) factors among HIVMSM in China.

Author(s): 
Li, Jinghua
Mo, Phoenix K. H.
Kahler, Christopher W.
Lau, Joseph T. F.
Du, Mengran
Dai, Yingxue
Shen, Hanyang
Publication Title: 
Medical care research and review: MCRR

There is substantial variation in the generosity of public assistance programs that affect HIV+ patients, and these differences should affect the economic outcomes associated with HIV infection. This article uses data from a nationally representative sample of HIV+ patients to assess how differences across states in Medicaid and AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAP) affect costs and labor market outcomes for HIV+ patients in care in that state.

Author(s): 
Goldman, D. P.
Bhattacharya, J.
Leibowitz, A. A.
Joyce, G. F.
Shapiro, M. F.
Bozzette, S. A.
Publication Title: 
AIDS (London, England)

OBJECTIVES: To study how condom use in injecting drug users' (IDU) relationships differs according to whether they are HIV-infected, and to whether their sex partner is an IDU. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 317 street-recruited IDU were HIV-antibody tested and interviewed about 421 relationships with particular sex partners. RESULTS: Condoms were consistently (100%) used in sex between partners (during the previous 30 days) in 33% of these relationships, and their use was significantly more frequent in relationships of seropositive IDU and in relationships with non-IDU partners.

Author(s): 
Friedman, S. R.
Jose, B.
Neaigus, A.
Goldstein, M.
Curtis, R.
Ildefonso, G.
Mota, P.
Des Jarlais, D. C.

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