Hospitals, Psychiatric

Publication Title: 
Nursing Inquiry

Attitudes of Catholic religious orders towards children and adults with an intellectual disability in postcolonial Ireland The purpose of this paper is to examine the intersecting roles of Catholic religious orders and psychiatrists in the development of residential care for people with an intellectual disability in Ireland during the fifty-year period after political autonomy from the UK in 1922.

Author(s): 
Sweeney, John
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Identifying patients' expectations of and need for healthcare chaplaincy is important in terms of appropriate intervention. Therefore, a sample of 612 patients from 32 general hospitals and psychiatric clinics in the German part of Switzerland was surveyed about their expectations of chaplaincy service. A principal component factor analysis of participants' ratings found that the survey items fell into three distinct categories. These were the need for (1) emotional support, (2) help to cope with illness/disease, and (3) religious/spiritual assistance.

Author(s): 
Winter-Pf‰ndler, Urs
Flannelly, Kevin J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

With recent developments in community psychiatric services, concern with prevention has become an urgent social, as well as medical challenge. Comprehensive investigation into causation must therefore be given systematic emphasis. This paper is an effort toward clarification of etiology, specifically of the depressive disorder, in terms of early childhood experiences.

Author(s): 
Jacobson, S.
Fasman, J.
DiMascio, A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

Moral treatment, a therapeutic approach that emphasized character and spiritual development, and called for kindness on the part of all who came in contact with the patient, flourished in American mental hospitals during the first half of the 19th century. Many of its essential features also existed then in the treatment of physical illness in American general hospitals. Changing social and welfare services and advances in scientific medicine contributed to a subsequent decline in moral treatment and to a divergence between the therapeutic approaches of the two kinds of hospitals.

Author(s): 
Luchins, A. S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

Moral treatment, a therapeutic approach that emphasized character and spiritual development, and called for kindness on the part of all who came in contact with the patient, flourished in American mental hospitals during the first half of the 19th century. Many of its essential features also existed then in the treatment of physical illness in American general hospitals. Changing social and welfare services and advances in scientific medicine contributed to a subsequent decline in moral treatment and to a divergence between the therapeutic approaches of the two kinds of hospitals.

Author(s): 
Luchins, A. S.
Publication Title: 
Community Mental Health Journal

Although the era of deinstitutionalization of the aged from state mental facilities and of the rapid growth of the nursing home industry appears to have ended, the question remains of the extent to which nursing home care is substituted for psychiatric care. To study this question, the numbers per capita of Medicaid program recipients of inpatient psychiatric care for each state in the period 1979-82 was regressed on numbers per capita of Medicaid nursing home recipients, numbers of nursing home beds per capita, and the percentage aged.

Author(s): 
Swan, J. H.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

The revelance of sociobiology to psychiatry is examined through a consideration of the theories of kin selection and reciprocal altruism. Predictions developed from these theories are compared with currently available mental-health statistics. The theory of kin selection is used to predict a positive correlation between mental health and the existence of an active kin-support system. Similarly, the theory of reciprocal altruism is used to predict a positive correlation between mental health and the existence of an active friend-support system.

Author(s): 
Essock-Vitale, S. M.
Fairbanks, L. A.
Publication Title: 
Laval Médical
Author(s): 
Alarcia, J.
Tétreault, L.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

The case of a patient with symptoms suggestive of a dissociative disorder is presented. The consultant reviews the diagnosis of multiple personality disorder (MPD) as defined in DSM-III-R and DSM-IV in relation to the patient's dissociative states, hallucinations, memory loss, and other symptoms. He then highlights the distinctions among MPD, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, major depression, and complex partial seizures.

Author(s): 
Jaschke, V. A.
Spiegel, D.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Medicine

Mesmerism was for a period very popular in Victorian Britain. The special clinical approach developed by Dr J. Esdaile while on duty in British India is elaborated in detail. The controversy surrounding Esdaile's treatment of surgical, medical and psychiatric cases at the 'mesmeric hospital' at Calcutta is discussed, and the main arguments are set within their contemporary socio-cultural context. Some of the arguments advanced for and against mesmerism contain concerns similar to those that have been raised during later decades in regard to hypnotism and hypnotherapy.

Author(s): 
Ernst, W.

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