Hospitals, Teaching

Publication Title: 
Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing

This paper examines the effect of changing state policy, such as Medicaid eligibility, payment generosity, and HMO enrollment on provision of hospital uncompensated care. Using national data from the American Hospital Association for the period 1990 through 1995, we find that not-for-profit and public hospitals' uncompensated care levels respond positively to Medicaid payment generosity, although the magnitude of the effect is small. Not-for-profit hospitals respond negatively to Medicaid HMO penetration.

Author(s): 
Davidoff, A. J.
LoSasso, A. T.
Bazzoli, G. J.
Zuckerman, S.
Publication Title: 
Cambridge quarterly of healthcare ethics: CQ: the international journal of healthcare ethics committees

Exploitation of resident physicians still occurs and can result in working conditions so unfavorable that patients are endangered. Because residents are vulnerable to exploitation, and because they are not fully accountable for patient care or for fully developed professionalism until they have completed their training, for just ends it is morally acceptable for residents to strike.

Author(s): 
Braithwaite, S. S.
Publication Title: 
Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria

BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical training in Nigeria has been in dire straits for about two decades now. That it has continued to survive, is a tribute to the average resident doctor who has become immunized, and who has grown a thick skin of armour, as well the spirit of altruism of the medical teachers--consultants (young and old), who despite odds, have kept their focus clear, above the murky waters of national distraction and daunting socio economic challenges. METHOD: A review of relevant literature on medical education in Nigeria was undertaken by manual library search.

Author(s): 
Ike, S. O.
Publication Title: 
BMC medical education

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the motivations of senior medical clinicians to teach medical students. This understanding could improve the recruitment and retention of important clinical teachers. METHODS: The study group was 101 senior medical clinicians registered on a teaching list for a medical school teaching hospital (The Canberra Hospital, ACT, Australia). Their motivations to teach medical students were assessed applying Q methodology. RESULTS: Of the 75 participants, 18 (24%) were female and 57 (76%) were male.

Author(s): 
Dahlstrom, Jane
Dorai-Raj, Anna
McGill, Darryl
Owen, Cathy
Tymms, Kathleen
Watson, D. Ashley R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care

OBJECTIVES: To discover what motivates patients who agree to doctors on postgraduate clinical training attachments being involved in their care; to explore potential negative effects on patients; and to consider how the experience could be improved for the patient. METHODS: Questionnaire survey of 103 female family planning clinic (FPC) patients. Patients were recruited from the waiting room of a community FPC.

Author(s): 
Heathcote, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

AIM: Clinical experience in paediatrics is essential for medical undergraduates. This is the first study, of which we are aware, to examine why children of different ages admitted acutely to hospital and their parents agree to become involved in medical student teaching. We wanted to establish whether they considered that they needed to give consent before seeing medical students, whether this was routinely sought and what influenced their decisions. METHODS: Data were collected using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews of parents and children.

Author(s): 
Pinnock, Ralph
Weller, Jennifer
Shulruf, Boaz
Jones, Rhys
Reed, Peter
Mizutani, Satomi
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the establishment of a multidisciplinary team of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers and educators in an urban pediatric hospital and affiliated medical school. BACKGROUND: Pediatric CAM use is increasing. Physicians are interested in CAM-related education but few programs had been developed in pediatrics. In 1998, Children's Hospital Boston established the Center for Holistic Pediatric Education and Research (CHPER), a CAM multidisciplinary team providing clinical services, education, and research.

Author(s): 
Highfield, Ellen Silver
McLellan, Mary C.
Kemper, Kathi J.
Risko, Wanessa
Woolf, Alan D.
Publication Title: 
Irish Journal of Medical Science

BACKGROUND: In 1994 Doll and colleagues published smoking mortality figures for British doctors over 40 years. AIMS: To assess smoking prevalence among junior doctors in a major Dublin teaching hospital. METHODS: One hundred and fourteen non-consultant doctors (NCHDs) at St James's Hospital received a confidential smoking questionnaire. RESULTS: One hundred and six NCHDs responded (93%). Three refused, five were not available. Ninety per cent were aged 24-35 years. Twenty-six per cent of the doctors had smoked for 10 to 15 years.

Author(s): 
Naji, N.
McLoughlin, H.
Connell, F. O.
Clancy, L.
Publication Title: 
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology: official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS): affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

There is growing interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) amongst the general population. Little information is available on CAM use in otolaryngology patients in the UK. Despite concerns over safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness, CAM use is common amongst ENT patients. Patients perceive these medications as possible boosters to their immune system. It is becoming increasingly important that health care providers in all specialties ask their patients about CAM use and are aware of the implications it carries.

Author(s): 
Shakeel, Muhammad
Trinidade, Aaron
Ah-See, Kim W.
Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To study the add-on effects of pranayama and meditation in rehabilitation of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). PATIENTS AND METHOD: This randomized control pilot study was conducted in neurological rehabilitation unit of university tertiary research hospital. Twenty-two GBS patients, who consented for the study and satisfied selection criteria, were randomly assigned to yoga and control groups. Ten patients in each group completed the study.

Author(s): 
Sendhilkumar, Ragupathy
Gupta, Anupam
Nagarathna, Raghuram
Taly, Arun B.

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