Human Engineering

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Office work has changed considerably over the previous couple of decades and has become sedentary in nature. Physical inactivity at workplaces and particularly increased sitting has been linked to increase in cardiovascular disease, obesity and overall mortality. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of workplace interventions to reduce sitting at work compared to no intervention or alternative interventions.

Author(s): 
Shrestha, Nipun
Kukkonen-Harjula, Katriina T.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Ijaz, Sharea
Hermans, Veerle
Bhaumik, Soumyadeep
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: The number of people working whilst seated at a desk keeps increasing worldwide. As sitting increases, occupational physical strain declines at the same time. This has contributed to increases in cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes. Therefore, reducing and breaking up the time that people spend sitting while at work is important for health. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of workplace interventions to reduce sitting at work compared to no intervention or alternative interventions.

Author(s): 
Shrestha, Nipun
Ijaz, Sharea
Kukkonen-Harjula, Katriina T.
Kumar, Suresh
Nwankwo, Chukwudi P.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments play a major part in the treatment of most work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMD). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review is to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on short and long-term outcomes for upper extremity WRMD in adults.

Author(s): 
Verhagen, A. P.
Bierma-Zeinstra, S. M. A.
Feleus, A.
Karels, C.
Dahaghin, S.
Burdorf, L.
de Vet, H. C. W.
Koes, B. W.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS in adults.

Author(s): 
Verhagen, A. P.
Karels, C.
Bierma-Zeinstra, S. M. A.
Burdorf, L.
Feleus, A.
Dahaghin, S.
de Vet, H. C. W.
Koes, B. W.
Publication Title: 
Dynamics (Pembroke, Ont.)

The musculoskeletal injury (MSI) rate in the Richmond Hospital Intensive Care Unit (ICU) increased significantly in 2000 and 2001 by 130%. As part of a quality initiative program, the problem was identified, assessed, and a plan was developed that involved the installation of ceiling-mounted patient lifts (CMPL) and the incorporation of a patient positioning sling. The evaluation process included a survey given to the ICU nursing staff prior to the implementation of the CMPL and repeated three, six, and 18 months after implementation.

Author(s): 
Silverwood, Shirley
Haddock, Maureen
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

OBJECTIVE: Interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck, and/or shoulder (CANS). We evaluated whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A systematic review was conducted. Only (randomized) trials studying interventions for patients suffering from work-related CANS were included. Interventions may include exercises, relaxation, physical applications, and workplace adjustments.

Author(s): 
Verhagen, Arianne P.
Karels, Celinde
Bierma-Zeinstra, Sita M. A.
Feleus, Anita
Dahaghin, Saeede
Burdorf, Alex
Koes, Bart W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the difference in muscular and postural demands of performing manual therapy using a massage chair and a massage table. METHODS: Twelve female senior massage therapy students performed two 10-minute regional back massages on a fully clothed client using both a massage chair and massage table. The root mean square was used to determine the mean activation from the electromyographic signal collected from 8 upper extremity muscles. Integrated electromyography was used to compare activation between the 14 massage techniques used.

Author(s): 
Buck, Fearon A.
Kuruganti, Usha
Albert, Wayne J.
Babineau, Melanie
Orser, Sarah
Currie-Jackson, Nadine
Publication Title: 
Europa Medicophysica

BACKGROUND: Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). Objectives. This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS in adults. Search strategy.

Author(s): 
Verhagen, A. P.
Karels, C.
Bierma-Zeinstra, S. M. A.
Feleus, A.
Dahaghin, S.
Burdorf, A.
de Vet, H. C. W.
Koes, B. W.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS in adults.

Author(s): 
Verhagen, Arianne P.
Karels, Celinde C.
Bierma-Zeinstra, Sita M. A.
Burdorf, Lex L.
Feleus, Anita
Dahaghin, Saede S. D.
de Vet, Henrica C. W.
Koes, Bart W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

The economic viability of the manual therapy practitioner depends on the number of massages/treatments that can be given in a day or week. Fatigue or injuries can have a major impact on the income potential and could ultimately reach the point which causes the practitioner to quit the profession, and seek other, less physically demanding, employment. Manual therapy practitioners in general, and massage therapists in particular, can utilize a large variety of body postures while giving treatment to a client.

Author(s): 
Mohr, Edward G.

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