Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
To ask whether social medicine still matters may seem to be in poor taste at a symposium to honor Martin Cherkasky, but social medicine has always had the courage to take on difficult questions. There is all the more reason to do so when its legitimacy is challenged. The extraordinary findings emerging from the human genome project will revolutionize diagnostic and therapeutic methods in medicine. The power of medical interventions, for good and for harm, will increase enormously.
Today's researchers are exploring caloric restriction, cell-based therapies, hormonal therapies, and genetic manipulations. So far, caloric restriction has the soundest basis, and estrogen replacement is among the interventions most widely used. As the human genome is studied, treatments with genetic mechanisms move all the closer to becoming reality.
Religious discussion of human organs and tissues has concentrated largely on donation for therapeutic purposes. The retrieval and use of human tissue samples in diagnostic, research, and education contexts have, by contrast, received very little direct theological attention. Initially undertaken at the behest of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, this essay seeks to explore the theological and religious questions embedded in nontherapeutic use of human tissue.
Twin Research: The Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Twin research offers the greatest power for the genetic analysis of complex multifactorial traits and diseases in humans. Modern twin analyses extend beyond the classical twin study for estimating the heritability of a trait. The human genome project can fulfil its promises only after functional characterisation of single genes in the context of genetic background and environment. Twin research can make a major contribution in that regard. Twin research is greatly facilitated by the willingness, motivation, cooperation, and generosity of the participants and their families.
A nonbusiness discipline can provide a useful framework for thinking about old problems in new ways. People who study management, for instance, freely borrow from many fields of science to theorize about organizational behavior and business strategy. Evolutionary psychology and biology are especially popular sources of inspiration. But should they be? Evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins has spent much of his career explaining science to the public.
Genome Informatics. International Conference on Genome Informatics
Twenty years ago the Human Genome Project was initiated aiming to uncover the genetic factors of human diseases and to develop new strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Despite the successful sequencing of the human genome and the discovery of many disease related genes, our understanding of molecular mechanisms is still largely incomplete for the majority of diseases.