Humidity

Publication Title: 
Journal of Basic Microbiology

Modified solid-state fermentation (MSSF) of tannin-rich substrates for production of tannase and gallic acid was carried out using two fungal cultures, Rhizopus oryzae (RO IIT RB-13, NRRL 21498) and Aspergillus foetidus (GMRB013 MTCC 3557). The tannin rich substrates included powdered fruits of Terminalia chebula and Caesalpinia digyna pod cover powder. The different environmental parameters for the maximum production of tannase and gallic acid were optimized through media engineering.

Author(s): 
Mukherjee, Gargi
Banerjee, Rintu
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The incidence of malaria in the Amazon is seasonal and mosquito vectorial capacity parameters, including abundance and longevity, depend on quantitative and qualitative aspects of the larval diet. Anopheles darlingi is a major malaria vector in the Amazon, representing >95% of total Anopheles population present in the Porto Velho region. Despite its importance in the transmission of the Plasmodium parasite, knowledge of the larval biology and ecology is limited. Studies regarding aspects of adult population ecology are more common than studies on larval ecology.

Author(s): 
Ara˙jo, Maisa da-Silva
Gil, Luiz Herman S.
e-Silva, Alexandre de-Almeida
Publication Title: 
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Author(s): 
London, P.
Ogle, M. E.
Unikel, I. P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

This study investigated the effect of phase transformations of amorphous and deliquescent ingredients on catechin stability in green tea powder formulations. Blends of amorphous green tea and crystalline sucrose, citric acid, and/or ascorbic acid were analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic water vapor sorption, water activity measurements, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after storage for up to 12 weeks at 0-75% relative humidity (RH) and 22 degrees C.

Author(s): 
Ortiz, Julieta
Kestur, Umesh S.
Taylor, Lynne S.
Mauer, Lisa J.
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To make an animal model of cervical spondylosis (arthralgia syndrome type) with stimulation of wind, cold, and dampness. METHODS: Twenty-four 8 months old male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated into four groups: normal control group, light stimulation group, moderate stimulation group and severe stimulation group. The wind speed was 10.8-13.8 m/s, the temperature was (5+/-0.5)degrees centigrade, and the humidity was 100%.

Author(s): 
Wang, Yong-Jun
Shi, Qi
Zhou, Quan
Li, Chen-Guang
Cheng, Jiang-ming
Liu, Mei
Yang, Yang
Zhou, Chong-jian
Publication Title: 
The Science of the Total Environment

Because of high relative humidity (60-90%) and mild temperature (15-37 degrees C) all year round, fungi grow more quickly and easily in Taiwan, a subtropical country. Field evaluations of airborne fungi indoors and outdoors in two major types of cities (Taipei and Tai-Chi) in Taiwan were conducted during the fungus concentration peak season. Two-stage Andersen culture plate impactors were used to determine the number concentrations, genus and respirable fraction of indoor and outdoor fungi.

Author(s): 
Li, C. S.
Kuo, Y. M.
Publication Title: 
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao = The Journal of Applied Ecology / Zhongguo Sheng Tai Xue Xue Hui, Zhongguo Ke Xue Yuan Shenyang Ying Yong Sheng Tai Yan Jiu Suo Zhu Ban

Based on the 1980-2005 observation data of ten-day soil humidity, monthly air temperature, and monthly precipitation during crop growth period (from May to September) from 16 agrometeorological stations on Songnen Plain, the spatiotemporal variation of surface soil (0-30 cm) humidity and its responses to the air temperature and precipitation in study area were analyzed by using statistical method.

Author(s): 
Jiang, Li-xia
Li, Shuai
Ji, Yang-hui
Zhu, Hai-xia
Yan, Ping
Wang, Ping
Wang, Chen-yi
Han, Jun-jie
Publication Title: 
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao = The Journal of Applied Ecology / Zhongguo Sheng Tai Xue Xue Hui, Zhongguo Ke Xue Yuan Shenyang Ying Yong Sheng Tai Yan Jiu Suo Zhu Ban

Taking four green belts with different internal constitutions and five green belts with different canopy densities along the west fourth ring road of Beijing as test objects, and by using small-scale quantitative measurement method, this paper studied the relationships between different structure urban green belts (width 42 m) and temperature-humidity effect in Beijing. Comparing with the control, lawn had no obvious effect on the decrease of air temperature and the increase of relative humidity, while shrub-herbage, tree-shrub-herbage, and tree-herbage had significant effect.

Author(s): 
Zhu, Chun-Yang
Li, Shu-Hua
Ji, Peng
Publication Title: 
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao = The Journal of Applied Ecology / Zhongguo Sheng Tai Xue Xue Hui, Zhongguo Ke Xue Yuan Shenyang Ying Yong Sheng Tai Yan Jiu Suo Zhu Ban

As an important part of urban ecosystem, urban river plays a vital role in improving urban ecological environment. By the methods of small scale quantitative measurement, this paper analyzed the effects of seven urban rivers with different widths along the Third to Fifth Ring in Beijing on the air temperature and relative humidity of nearby green belts. The results showed that urban river width was the main factor affecting the temperature and humidity of nearby green belts.

Author(s): 
Ji, Peng
Zhu, Chun-Yang
Li, Shu-Hua
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