Hungary

Publication Title: 
Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Five Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria were isolated from galls on different plant species in Hungary: strain 39/7(T) from Prunus cerasifera Myrobalan, strain 0 from grapevine var. Ezerjó, strain 7/1 from raspberry var. Findus and in Poland, strain C3.4.1 from Colt rootstock (Prunus avium × Prunus pseudocerasus) and strain CP17.2.2 from Prunus avium. Only one of these isolates, strain 0, is able to cause crown gall on different plant species.

Author(s): 
Pu?awska, Joanna
Willems, Anne
De Meyer, Sofie E.
Süle, Sandor
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of dementia is known to vary between nations due to population specific interactions of genetic and epigenetic risk factors. Since this type of data was missing from the Central-Eastern part of Europe, especially from Hungary, an ongoing prospective multicentre study was initiated 3 years ago to determine the impact of some well-known social and biological dementia risk factors and the prevalences and conversion rates of dementia and depression syndromes.

Author(s): 
Vincze, G·bor
Almos, PÈter
Boda, Krisztina
Dˆme, PÈter
BÛdi, Nikoletta
Szl·vik, Gyozo
MaglÛczki, ErzsÈbet
P·k·ski, Magdolna
Janka, Zolt·n
K·lm·n, J·nos
Publication Title: 
Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek

Author attempted to collect all available medical data of the period of the reign of Mathias Corvinus (1443-1490) who ruled Hungary for 32 years. First part of this article outlines the general medical history of this era. In the 15th century the flourishing Kingdom of Hungary was inhabited by 3-3.2 million people. Under the rule of King Matthias epidemies were frequent visitors, plague e.g. was registered 11 times, while sudor anglicus once (in 1485). The ca. 120 hospitals of the era were founded mostly in towns and market-towns.

Author(s): 
Varjassy, PÈter
Publication Title: 
Orvosi Hetilap

INTRODUCTION: Effects of religiosity on satisfaction with life, mental and physical health are highly favored topics of psychology. At the same time, less attention has been directed to how individual differences in religiosity affect believers' satisfaction with life. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between attachment to God, religious coping and satisfaction with life. METHOD: A group of Roman Catholics (n = 94; 49 women and 45 men; age, 30.8±6.2 years) filled in our the survey package.

Author(s): 
L·ng, Andr·s
Publication Title: 
Orvosi Hetilap

According to Article 14 of the Oviedo Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine of the Council of Europe, the use of techniques of medically assisted procreation shall not be allowed for the purpose of choosing the sex of a future child, unless serious hereditary sex-related disease is to be avoided. In Israel and the United States of America, pre-conception sex selection for the purpose of family balancing is legal. The European health culture does not regard reproductive justice as part of social justice. From this aspect, the situation is very similar in China and India.

Author(s): 
Julesz, M·tÈ
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Informal payments are known to be widespread in the post-communist health care systems of Central and Eastern Europe. However, their role and nature remains contentious with the debate characterized by much polemic. This paper aims to make sense of this debate by reviewing and summarizing the main arguments of the theoretical debate in Hungary. The review examines the possible causes of informal payment, the motivation of the actors involved and the impact of informal payment on system performance, focusing on efficiency and equity.

Author(s): 
Gaal, Peter
McKee, Martin
Publication Title: 
BMC health services research

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on informal patient payments have mostly focused on the magnitude and determinants of these payments while the attitudes of health care actors towards these payments are less well known. This study aims to reveal the attitudes of Hungarian health care consumers towards informal payments to provide a better understanding of this phenomenon. METHODS: For the analysis, we use data from a survey carried out in 2010 in Hungary involving a representative sample of 1037 respondents.

Author(s): 
Baji, Petra
Pavlova, Milena
Gul·csi, L·szlÛ
Groot, Wim
Publication Title: 
Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek

The present study summarizes the most important events of life and professional career of Daniel JÛzsa born 220 years ago. JÛzsa, the Medical Chief of former Crasna county was born in Uzon of SzÈkely region on 1, October, 1795. From the age of 10 he studied at the Bethlen College in Nagyenyed. In 1822 he attended the University of Medical Sciences in Vienna, where he got his doctor's degree in 1828. He wrote his dissertation on the diseases of the female breast.

Author(s): 
Horv·th, Ferenc
Publication Title: 
Revista Peruana De Medicina Experimental Y Salud Publica

Puerperal fever is a disease that becomes epidemic in the eighteenth century as a result of two factors: the urban working masses generated by the industrial revolution and the progressive hegemonization and medicalization of birth care in large public hospitals. Institutionalized maternal death reached figures above 30%, while in the case of birth care provided by midwives, it was than 2%.

Author(s): 
Salaverry GarcÌa, Oswaldo
Publication Title: 
Orvosi Hetilap

The spreading of the cost-benefit attitude is a considerable help in the progress of the one day surgery. The patient selection, the preoperative patient preparations and the preoperative examination has done in the anaestesiologic ambulance. Aims of ambulatory anaesthesia are to achieve sedation, hypnosis, analgesia, amnesia and muscle relaxation during the operation, to preserve preoperative mental and physiologic state, analgesia and to make early postoperative nourishing possible.

Author(s): 
Darvas, K.
Janecskó, M.
Vimláti, L.
Borsodi, M.

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