Hydrogen Peroxide

Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurochemistry

The search for effective treatments that prevent oxidative stress associated with premature ageing and neurodegenerative diseases is an important area of neurochemical research. As age- and disease-related oxidative stress is frequently associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, amphiphilic antioxidant agents of high stability and selectivity that target these organelles can provide on-site protection.

Author(s): 
Poeggeler, Burkhard
Durand, GrÈgory
Polidori, Ange
Pappolla, Miguel A.
Vega-Naredo, Ignacio
Coto-Montes, Ana
Bˆker, Jutta
Hardeland, R¸diger
Pucci, Bernard
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Calorie restriction (CR) produces several health benefits and increases lifespan in many species. Studies suggest that alternate-day fasting (ADF) and exercise can also provide these benefits. Whether CR results in lifespan extension in humans is not known and a direct investigation is not feasible. However, phenotypes observed in CR animals when compared to ad libitum fed (AL) animals, including increased stress resistance and changes in protein expression, can be simulated in cells cultured with media supplemented with blood serum from CR and AL animals.

Author(s): 
Allard, Joanne S.
Heilbronn, Leonie K.
Smith, Carolina
Hunt, Nicole D.
Ingram, Donald K.
Ravussin, Eric
Pennington CALERIE Team
de Cabo, Rafael
Publication Title: 
Life Sciences

AIMS: Resveratrol, a silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) activator, has been reported to act as an antioxidant contained in red wine and prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases. Histone deacetylase such as SIRT1 is involved in the regulation of lifespan extension. In this study, the effect of resveratrol on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that play an important role in metastasis was examined in human fibrosarcoma cell line, HT1080. MAIN METHODS: The effect of resveratrol on MMPs' activity was evaluated using gelatin zymography.

Author(s): 
Lee, Soo-Jin
Kim, Moon-Moo
Publication Title: 
Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

The relationship of oxidative stress with maximum life span (MLSP) in different vertebrate species is reviewed. In all animal groups the endogenous levels of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in tissues negatively correlate with MLSP and the most longevous animals studied in each group, pigeon or man, show the minimum levels of antioxidants. A possible evolutionary reason for this is that longevous animals produce oxygen radicals at a low rate. This has been analysed at the place where more than 90% of oxygen is consumed in the cell, the mitochondria.

Author(s): 
Perez-Campo, R.
LÛpez-Torres, M.
Cadenas, S.
Rojas, C.
Barja, G.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Previous studies indicated that renal tubular epithelial cells from some long-lived avian species exhibit robust and/or unique protective mechanisms against oxidative stress relative to murine cells.

Author(s): 
Ogburn, C. E.
Carlberg, K.
Ottinger, M. A.
Holmes, D. J.
Martin, G. M.
Austad, S. N.
Publication Title: 
Free Radical Biology & Medicine

Steroid hormones exhibit diverse biological activities. Despite intensive studies on steroid function at the genomic level, their nongenomic actions remain an enigma. In this study, we investigated the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in androgen-stimulated prostate cancer (PCa) cell proliferation. In androgen-treated PCa cells, increased cell growth and ROS production correlated with elevated p66Shc protein, an authentic oxidase. This growth stimulation was blocked by antioxidants.

Author(s): 
Veeramani, Suresh
Chou, Yu-Wei
Lin, Frank C.
Muniyan, Sakthivel
Lin, Fen-Fen
Kumar, Satyendra
Xie, Yan
Lele, Subodh M.
Tu, Yaping
Lin, Ming-Fong
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark. (EUE), has commonly been used to fortify the muscles and lungs, lower blood pressure, prevent miscarriage, improve the tone of liver and kidneys, and promote longevity the traditional tonic medicines of Korea, China, and Japan. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated that the neuroprotective activities and possible mechanisms of EUE aqueous extract in hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced neuronal cell death in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Author(s): 
Kwon, Seung-Hwan
Kim, Min-Jung
Ma, Shi-Xun
You, In-Jee
Hwang, Ji-Young
Oh, Ji-Hwan
Kim, Sun-Yeou
Kim, Hyoung-Chun
Lee, Seok-Yong
Jang, Choon-Gon
Publication Title: 
Neurochemistry International

Age is the leading risk factor for many of the most prevalent and devastating diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. A number of herbal medicines have been used for centuries to ameliorate the deleterious effects of ageing-related diseases and increase longevity. Oxidative stress is believed to play a role in normal ageing as well as in neurodegenerative processes.

Author(s): 
Steele, Megan L.
Truong, John
Govindaraghavan, Suresh
Ooi, Lezanne
Sucher, Nikolaus J.
M¸nch, Gerald
Publication Title: 
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Cellular senescence is a tumor suppression mechanism. We previously reported that CKII downregulation induces senescence in human lung fibroblast IMR-90 and colon cancer HCT116 cells. In this study, potential longevity drugs, including rapamycin, vitamin C, and vitamin E, blocked CKII downregulation-mediated senescence through reduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in HCT116 cells.

Author(s): 
Park, Ji Hye
Kim, Jin Joo
Bae, Young-Seuk
Publication Title: 
Free Radical Biology & Medicine

The mitochondrial free radical theory of aging proposes that aging is a consequence of progressive mitochondrial dysfunction caused by lifelong accumulation of oxidative damage. Aging is therefore expected to accelerate if the rate of this oxidative damage accumulation increases. Studies attempting to test this prediction through modulation of oxidative damage by altering antioxidant defenses have reported conflicting results.

Author(s): 
Ranjan, Manickaratnam
Gruber, Jan
Ng, Li Fang
Halliwell, Barry

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