Hydroxyzine

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Labour is a normal physiological process, but is usually associated with pain and discomfort. Numerous methods are used to relieve labour pain. These include pharmacological (e.g. epidural, opioids, inhaled analgesia) and non-pharmacological (e.g. hypnosis, acupuncture) methods of pain management. Non-opioid drugs are a pharmacological method used to control mild to moderate pain. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence regarding the effects and safety of the use of non-opioid drugs to relieve pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Othman, Mohammad
Jones, Leanne
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
Aktuelle Urologie

The so-called interstitial cystitis is a chronic pain syndrome rather than a purely end organ disease of the urinary bladder. New suggestions for definitions and nomenclature take this into consideration. Since aetiology and pathogenesis are still unknown a treatment of the cause is still not possible. There are neither evidence-based treatment algorithms nor a so-called standard therapy. Numerous therapeutic approaches have been tried up to now. These attempts can be divided into oral, intravesical, surgical and physical procedures.

Author(s): 
Binder, I.
Rossbach, G.
van Ophoven, A.
Publication Title: 
Aktuelle Urologie

The so-called interstitial cystitis is a chronic pain syndrome rather than a purely end organ disease of the urinary bladder. New suggestions for definitions and nomenclature take this into consideration. Since aetiology and pathogenesis are still unknown a treatment of the cause is still not possible. There are neither evidence-based treatment algorithms nor a so-called standard therapy. Numerous therapeutic approaches have been tried up to now. These attempts can be divided into oral, intravesical, surgical and physical procedures.

Author(s): 
Binder, I.
Rossbach, G.
van Ophoven, A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Labour is a normal physiological process, but is usually associated with pain and discomfort. Numerous methods are used to relieve labour pain. These include pharmacological (e.g. epidural, opioids, inhaled analgesia) and non-pharmacological (e.g. hypnosis, acupuncture) methods of pain management. Non-opioid drugs are a pharmacological method used to control mild to moderate pain. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence regarding the effects and safety of the use of non-opioid drugs to relieve pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Othman, Mohammad
Jones, Leanne
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Plastic Surgery

An approach to outpatient anesthesia using drugs that have reversible or very short-acting effects is described, along with a method of monitoring patients using pulse rate to assess tranquility. Preoperatively, the patient is given 1 mg of lorazepam the evening before surgery and sublingual lorazepam 1 mg combined with hydroxyzine 50 mg intramuscularly one hour before surgery. Before infiltration of local anesthesia, intravenous diazepam in 2.5 mg increments is given if needed, followed by a mixture of meperidine and pentazocine intravenously in exactly a 10:1 ratio.

Author(s): 
Silver, H.
Codesmith, A. O.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Anesthesia

PURPOSE: Investigation into the characteristics of anesthetic interactions may provide clues to anesthesia mechanisms. Dexmedetomidine, an ?(2)-adrenergic receptor agonist, has become a popular sedative in intensive care, and hydroxyzine, a histamine receptor antagonist, is well known as a tranquilizing premedication for anesthesia. However, no experimental or pharmacological evaluation has been reported concerning their combination with propofol. Thus, we studied their combined effect with a hypnotic dose of propofol in ddY mice.

Author(s): 
Kimura-Kuroiwa, Kaori
Adachi, Yushi U.
Obata, Yukako
Kawamata, Mikito
Sato, Shigehito
Matsuda, Naoyuki
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Labour is a normal physiological process, but is usually associated with pain and discomfort. Numerous methods are used to relieve labour pain. These include pharmacological (e.g. epidural, opioids, inhaled analgesia) and non-pharmacological (e.g. hypnosis, acupuncture) methods of pain management. Non-opioid drugs are a pharmacological method used to control mild to moderate pain. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence regarding the effects and safety of the use of non-opioid drugs to relieve pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Othman, Mohammad
Jones, Leanne
Neilson, James P.
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