Hyperglycemia

Publication Title: 
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes: Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association

The aqueous extract of the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. has been evaluated for its antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced mild diabetic rats and compared with a known drug, tolbutamide. The oral effective dose (ED) of the extract was observed to be 200 mg/kg body weight, which produced a fall of 55.6% (p<0.01) in the oral glucose tolerance test.

Author(s): 
Murali, Y. K.
Anand, P.
Tandon, V.
Singh, R.
Chandra, R.
Murthy, P. S.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Molecular Sciences

In the present study, we firstly compared rat intestinal ?-glucosidase inhibitory activity by different ethanol-aqueous extractions from the dried fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. The enzymatic assay showed that the 80% ethanol extract was more potent against maltase activity than both 50% and 100% ethanol extracts. By HPLC analysis, it was determined that the 80% ethanol extract had a higher content of chebulagic acid than each of 50% or 100% ethanol extract.

Author(s): 
Huang, Yi-Na
Zhao, Dong-Dong
Gao, Bo
Zhong, Kai
Zhu, Rui-Xue
Zhang, Yan
Xie, Wang-Jun
Jia, Li-Rong
Gao, Hong
Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Hyperglycemia is a hallmark of diabetes that is associated with diabetic complications and a reduction of lifespan. Using the mev-1 mutant of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans we here tried to identify molecular mechanisms underlying the lifespan reducing effects of glucose. The lowest glucose concentration tested (10mM) caused a significant lifespan reduction at 37∞C and was used to assess effects on mitochondrial efficiency, formation of protein carbonyls and levels of methylglyoxal, a precursor of advanced glycation end products (AGEs).

Author(s): 
Fitzenberger, Elena
Boll, Michael
Wenzel, Uwe
Publication Title: 
Reviews on Environmental Health

Inadequate levels of essential nutrients is a most important factor in environmental health, leading to an almost monotonic increase in the incidence, morbidity, mortality, and associated costs of 'diseases of affluence' that has persisted for circa a century.

Author(s): 
Ely, John J. T.
Publication Title: 
Aging

Studies in mammals have led to the suggestion that hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia are important factors in aging. Insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling molecules that have been linked to longevity include daf-2 and InR and their homologues in mammals, and inactivation of the corresponding genes increases life span in nematodes, fruit flies and mice. It is possible that the life-prolonging effect of caloric restriction is due to decreasing IGF-1 levels.

Author(s): 
Anisimov, Vladimir N.
Publication Title: 
Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association

BACKGROUND: Higher self-compassion is associated with mental and physical health benefits in both healthy and chronically ill populations. The current study investigated the role of self-compassion in predicting depression, diabetes-specific distress and HbA1c in patients with diabetes. AIMS: To assess the specific operationalization of negative emotionality that best predicted HbA1c and to test whether self-compassion would buffer HbA1c in patients with diabetes against the negative effects of distress.

Author(s): 
Friis, A. M.
Johnson, M. H.
Cutfield, R. G.
Consedine, N. S.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

AIMS: We explored people's reasons for, and experiences of, using bolus advisors to determine insulin doses; and, their likes/dislikes of this technology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 42 people with type 1 diabetes who had received instruction in use of bolus advisors during a structured education course were interviewed post-course and 6 months later. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Participants who considered themselves to have poor mathematical skills highlighted a gratitude for, and heavy reliance on, advisors.

Author(s): 
Lawton, J.
Kirkham, J.
Rankin, D.
Barnard, K.
Cooper, C. L.
Taylor, C.
Heller, S.
Elliott, J.
REPOSE Group
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Traditional Indian and Australian medicinal plant extracts were investigated to determine their therapeutic potential to inhibit key enzymes in carbohydrate metabolism, which has relevance to the management of hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes. The antioxidant activities were also assessed. METHODS: The evaluation of enzyme inhibitory activity of seven Australian aboriginal medicinal plants and five Indian Ayurvedic plants was carried out against α-amylase and α-glucosidase.

Author(s): 
Gulati, Vandana
Harding, Ian H.
Palombo, Enzo A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: In spite of the tremendous progress achieved in medical sciences in the last century, the management of diabetes mellitus, a disease as old as mankind, is poor. Diabetes is currently the world's largest endocrine disorder, and estimates are that it affects almost 5% of the population. Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine, is one of the world's oldest systems to have documented the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.

Author(s): 
Baliga, Manjeshwar S.
Fernandes, Saviona
Thilakchand, Karadka R.
D'souza, Prema
Rao, Srinath
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Diabetes mellitus was induced in male CF strain rats by streptozotocin (STZ) and hyperglycaemia and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of pancreatic islet cells was assessed on days 7, 14, 21 and 28. STZ induced significant hyperglycaemia and a concomitant decrease in islet cell SOD activity.

Author(s): 
Bhattacharya, S. K.
Satyan, K. S.
Chakrabarti, A.

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