Hypnosis

Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

This review evaluated the effect of complementary and alternative medicine on pain during labor with conventional scientific methods using electronic data bases through 2006 were used. Only randomized controlled trials with outcome measures for labor pain were kept for the conclusions. Many studies did not meet the scientific inclusion criteria. According to the randomized control trials, we conclude that for the decrease of labor pain and/or reduction of the need for conventional analgesic methods: (i) There is an efficacy found for acupressure and sterile water blocks.

Author(s): 
Tournaire, Michel
Theau-Yonneau, Anne
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Fur Rheumatologie

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the predisposition, triggering and course of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Cognitive behavioral therapies are strongly recommended in the current guidelines on the management of FMS in Canada, Germany and Israel. AIMS: Review of techniques, aims and efficacy of psychotherapeutic procedures in FMS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Narrative review based on a selective search for systematic reviews on the efficacy of psychotherapeutic procedures in FMS.

Author(s): 
Häuser, W.
Bernardy, K.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15-20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of tricyclic and related drugs on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group trials register (December 2002) and the reference lists of relevant articles including two previously published versions of this review. Date of the most recent searches: December 2002.

Author(s): 
Glazener, C. M. A.
Evans, J. H. C.
Peto, R. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Adverse effects of chemotherapy can be severe and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. With chemotherapy treatment increasingly administered in the ambulatory setting, there is a need for patients to be informed about effective self-care strategies to manage treatment adverse effects. Advice for patients needs to be based on evidence.

Author(s): 
Lotfi-Jam, Kerryann
Carey, Mariko
Jefford, Michael
Schofield, Penelope
Charleson, Catherine
Aranda, Sanchia
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15 to 20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of complementary interventions and others such as surgery or diet on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions.

Author(s): 
Glazener, C. M. A.
Evans, J. H. C.
Cheuk, D. K. L.
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Suggestive interventions such as hypnosis and therapeutic suggestions are frequently used to alleviate surgical side effects; however, the effectiveness of therapeutic suggestion intervention has not yet been systematically evaluated.

Author(s): 
Kekecs, Zoltán
Nagy, Tamás
Varga, Katalin
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

In a systematic review of the efficacy of interventions intended to help people stop smoking, data have been analyzed from 188 randomized controlled trials. Following personal advice and encouragement to stop smoking given by physicians during a single routine consultation, an estimated 2% (95% confidence limits, 1%, 3%; P < .001) of all smokers stopped smoking and did not relapse up to 1 year as a direct consequence of the advice. The effect is modest but cost-effective: the cost of saving a life is about $1500.

Author(s): 
Law, M.
Tang, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Annales Francaises D'anesthesie Et De Reanimation

Analgesia and hypnosis are two separate entities and should result in distinct assessment and management for patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Those patients are exposed to moderate-severe pain and they are likely to remember pain as one bothersome experience. Any cause of patient discomfort is sought with the priority given to pain and adequate analgesia. Assessing pain must rely upon the use of clinical scoring systems, although these instruments are still underused in ICU.

Author(s): 
Payen, J.-F.
Chanques, G.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie

Studies investigating the effects of adjunctive psychological interventions to surgical routine care are summarized as a narrative review of existing meta-analyses. Primary studies evaluate the effects of the provision of information, supportive approaches, coping skills training, behavioural instructions, cognitive-behavioural strategies, relaxation, and hypnosis. The meta-analyses include studies of different methodological quality, also considering non-randomized trials, and indicate small to large effects depending on the type of intervention and outcome measure.

Author(s): 
Tefikow, Susan
Rosendahl, Jenny
Strauß, Bernhard

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