Ileum

Publication Title: 
Drugs Under Experimental and Clinical Research

Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, rose fever or summer catarrh, is a major challenge to health professionals. A large number of the world's population, including approximately 40 million Americans, suffers from allergic rhinitis. A novel, botanical formulation (Aller-7) has been developed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis using a combination of extracts from seven medicinal plants, including Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia chebula, T. bellerica, Albizia lebbeck, Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinale and P. longum, which have a proven history of efficacy and health benefits.

Author(s): 
Amit, A.
Saxena, V. S.
Pratibha, N.
D'Souza, P.
Bagchi, M.
Bagchi, D.
Stohs, S. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet

BACKGROUND: Tri-sa-maw recipe is comprised ofequal proportions of three herbal fruits, including Terminalia chebula Retz., Terminalia sp. and Terminalia bellirica Roxb. The traditional use of this recipe has been reported as a medication for fever; expectorant, relief of tightness in the stomach, laxative and antidiarrheal agent. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Tri-sa-maw recipe extract on gastrointestinal tract in both in vitro and in vivo.

Author(s): 
Wannasiri, Supaporn
Jaijoy, Kanjana
Chiranthanut, Natthakarn
Soonthornchareonnon, Noppamas
Sireeratawong, Seewaboon
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Substituted benzylamide derivatives of amino acylamide (compound A,B,C, & D) were found to be less potent local anaesthetics than lignocaine and procaine. However, the four compounds exhibited sedation without ptosis and reduced spontaneous locomotor activity better than methaqualone. Compound A alone antagonised methylamphetamine induced hypermotor activity. The test compounds potentiated hexobarbitone induced hypnosis. Three compounds antagonised calcium induced stoppage of isolated heart of frog.

Author(s): 
Sethi, O. P.
Gupta, M. V.
Bhatia, O. S.
Derasari, H. R.
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

We have described a case in which the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis with findings of progressive paraplegia and a neurogenic bladder led to supravesical urinary diversion. Pyocystis led to creation of a urethrovesicovaginal fistula. Psychotherapy later uncovered hysterical conversion reaction. Which was cured with hypnotherapy. The urinary tract diversion was subsequently reversed after reconstruction of the bladder and urethra.

Author(s): 
Frentz, G. D.
Wilcox, M. E.
Epstein, A. W.
Publication Title: 
Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology

The general pharmacological profiles of a novel proton pump inhibitor, (+/-)-5-methoxy-2-[[(4-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyrid-2-yl)methyl]sulfi nyl]- 1H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, TU-199) on the central nervous system, cardiorespiratory system, autonomic nervous system, gastrointestinal system and renal functions were investigated. TU-199 had no effects on general signs and behavior in mice. TU-199 (300 mg/kg p.o.) decreased locomotor activity 3 h after administration in mice.

Author(s): 
Kakinoki, B.
Ono, C.
Yamazaki, N.
Chikamatsu, N.
Wakatsuki, D.
Uchiyama, K.
Morinaka, Y.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The assumption by aromatherapists that essential oils are more beneficial when applied as mixes of two or more was tested using several in vitro bioactivity parameters. These included assays against 25 different bacteria, pharmacological studies using a smooth muscle preparation (guinea-pig ileum) and also the predicted effect on the patient as a whole on the basis of chemical analysis (using gas chromatography). The results showed an enhancement in the antibacterial effect of some essential oils when used in mixes only when these were poor antibacterial agents on their own.

Author(s): 
Lis-Balchin, M.
Deans, S.
Hart, S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

The two New Zealand tea-tree oils, Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium J.R. et G. Forst) and Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides (A. Rich) J. Thompson), Myrtaceae have been used as folk medicines for treating diarrhoea, colds and inflammation but their pharmacological action has not been investigated. Their mode of action was therefore studied on the field-stimulated guinea-pig ileum. Both Manuka and Kanuka oils induced a spasmolytic effect but Kanuka produced an initial contraction. The spasmolytic action of both oils was the result of a post-synaptic mechanism.

Author(s): 
Lis-Balchin, M.
Hart, S. L.
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, P. Miller) is used in aromatherapy as a holistic relaxant and is said to have carminative, antiflatulence and anticolic properties. Its sedative nature, on inhalation, has been shown both in animals and man. Lavender has a spasmolytic activity on guineapig ileum and rat uterus in vitro and it also decreases the tone in the skeletal muscle preparation of the phrenic nerve-diaphragm of rats. As the mechanism of action has not been studied previously, the spasmolytic activity was studied in vitro using a guinea-pig ileum smooth muscle preparation.

Author(s): 
Lis-Balchin, M.
Hart, S.
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

Jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum L.) is used in aromatherapy as a holistic treatment for apathy, hysteria, uterine disorders and childbirth, muscle relaxation and coughs. Its stimulant nature, on inhalation, has been shown both in animals and man. Jasmine has a spasmolytic activity on guinea-pig ileum and rat uterus in vitro. The mechanism of action of the spasmolytic activity, studied in vitro using a guinea-pig ileum smooth muscle preparation, was postsynaptic and not atropine-like.

Author(s): 
Lis-Balchin, M.
Hart, S.
Wan Hang Lo, B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The effects of Abana, an Ayurvedic remedy, administered orally to rabbits was studied for its effects on isolated atria and intestine. Administration of Abana for 3 days increased the basal amplitude and reduced the responses of atria to isoprenaline and norepinephrine. Combined treatment with Abana and isoprenaline reduced this effect. It is possible that Abana treatment for 3 days has an action similar to that of chronic administration of isoprenaline (down regulation of beta receptors). A similar down regulation of beta receptors of smooth muscle of rabbit intestine also seems to occur.

Author(s): 
Pasnani, J. S.
Hemavathi, K. G.
Gulati, O. D.
Rajani, A. P.

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