Positive affect and optimism play an important role in healthy ageing and are associated with improved physical and cognitive health outcomes. This study investigated whether it is possible to boost positive affect and associated positive biases in this age group using cognitive training. The effect of computerised imagery-based cognitive bias modification on positive affect, vividness of positive prospective imagery and interpretation biases in older adults was measured. 77 older adults received 4 weeks (12 sessions) of imagery cognitive bias modification or a control condition.
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery may influence the onset and maintenance of depression, but specific mechanisms have not yet been determined. METHODS: Nine hundred twelve participants completed questionnaires on positive and negative mental images, as well as images of injury and death that lead to positive emotions ("ID-images"), and depressive symptomatology. The assessment was carried out online to reduce effects of social desirability. RESULTS: Positive images were reported by 87†% of the sample, negative images by 77†%. ID-images were present in one-third of the sample.
This work handles about the need of erotic relations by older and old inhabitants in homes of age and geriatric nursing homes, asks for their imaginations at loveful and tender demonstrations in age, for which characteristics they attach great importance at the election of a new partner. The investigation has the character of a niveau analysis - before we investigate the laws of phenomena, their change and development of phenomena must be known.
One aspect of self-realization is to work on constructive intimate relationships in which another person adds to the richness of our existence and expands our horizons. The other person is not a substitute for our self-development nor someone who can make up for our developmental deficits.
This study of four of Keats's greatest poems explores a dynamic pattern in the poet's imagination: a relationship between the oral/fusional imagery and the romantic/oedipal themes. The poet's imagination seems to have been propelled backward from oedipal conflict to earlier narcissistic/oral unrest and pleasure.
Starting from the phenomenological analysis of perception and of representation made by Jaspers, and from a poem of the German poet Mathias Claudius, the author displays rapidly the emergency of the subject in the space, with the progressive development of the corporal sketch. If the child learns with difficulty to recognize other people, he will have need of a much longer time to recognize his own corporal unity in the mirror stage. That first recognition of his unity is imaginary and creates the interior space.
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis
This paper discusses the ego functioning and self psychological aspects of falling in love and passionate love. These universal and extraordinary phenomena are conceptualized as representing the activity of the creative imagination in solving problems related to coping with intense narcissistic and libidinal pressures. The work of other authors is reviewed and recast into a metapsychological framework involving ego and superego contributions to the experience, and focused on self cohesion.
International Journal of Aging & Human Development
To understand how caregivers reason when faced with patients in late states of dementia, two recognized expert caregivers were interviewed about their experiences of caring for severely demented patients. Combined in the precontext were hermeneutic, psychodynamic, and existentialist perspectives with regard to theories of human development and care ethics.
Erotic love is a universal experience with all the features of numinous archetypal experience. Indeed, for many people it may be their closest brush with the divine. Prior to Plato the spiritual and sexual aspects of the erotic spirit seem to have been fused but Plato introduced a distinction between physical and sexual love that opened up a conflict between them that has not yet been healed. It is proposed that love is an experience of the imagination; links are drawn between this idea and Plato's ladder of love in which the love of beauty and truth supercedes physical love.