Immunoglobulin A

Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

In a prospective randomized controlled study, the possibility that children could regulate their own salivary immunoglobulins was investigated using cyberphysiologic techniques. Fifty-seven children were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group A subjects learned self-hypnosis with permission to increase immune substances in saliva as they chose; group B subjects learned self-hypnosis with specific suggestions for control of saliva immunoglobulins; group C subjects were given no instructions but received equal attention time.

Author(s): 
Olness, K.
Culbert, T.
Uden, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: The wide use of herbal plants and essential oils for the prevention and treatment of diseases dates back to ancient times. However, the scientific basis for the beneficial effects of such plants and oils has not been precisely clarified. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy body treatment on healthy subjects. DESIGN: We compared the physiologic and psychologic effects of aromatherapy body treatment (E), massage treatment with carrier oil alone (C), and rest in healthy adults.

Author(s): 
Takeda, Hitomi
Tsujita, Junzo
Kaya, Mitsuharu
Takemura, Masanori
Oku, Yoshitaka
Publication Title: 
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing

PURPOSE: This study was done to examine the effects of aromatherapy on stress and stress responses in adolescents. METHODS: A two-group cross-over design was used for this study. The experimental treatment was aroma essential oil inhalation and the placebo treatment was carrier oil inhalation using a necklace. The sample included 36 female high school students. Fisher's exact test, t-test, and paired t-test using SPSS/WIN program were used to analyze the data.

Author(s): 
Seo, Ji-Yeong
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

We evaluated virus-specific B and T cell responses induced by the attenuated Wa (P1A[8]G1) human rotavirus (AttHRV) oral 2-dose vaccine with or without Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA) colonization in neonatal gnotobiotic (Gn) pigs. The AttHRV vaccinated and LA-fed pigs had a significantly higher magnitude of HRV-specific IFN-gamma producing CD8+ T cell responses in ileum and spleen, IgA and IgG antibody-secreting cell responses in ileum, and serum IgM, IgA and IgG antibody and virus neutralizing antibody titers compared to the AttHRV vaccinated pigs without LA colonization.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Wei
Azevedo, Marli S. P.
Wen, Ke
Gonzalez, Ana
Saif, Linda J.
Li, Guohua
Yousef, Ahmed E.
Yuan, Lijuan
Publication Title: 
Immunology

To model inflammatory bowel disease, we assessed infection with Helicobacter hepaticus 3B1 (ATCC 51449) and a potential probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri (ATCC PTA-6475) in gnotobiotic B6.129P2-IL-10(tm1Cgn) (IL-10(-/-) ) mice. No typhlocolitis developed in germ-free controls (n=21) or in L. reuteri (n=8) or H. hepaticus (n=18) mono-associated mice for 20 weeks post-infection. As positive controls, three specific pathogen-free IL-10(-/-) mice dosed with H. hepaticus developed severe typhlocolitis within 11 weeks. Because L.

Author(s): 
Whary, Mark T.
Taylor, Nancy S.
Feng, Yan
Ge, Zhongming
Muthupalani, Suresh
Versalovic, James
Fox, James G.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol has received significant attention as a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic intestinal inflammation caused by hyperactivated effector immune cells that produce proinflammatory cytokines. Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population characterized by the co-expression of CD11b(+) and Gr-1(+) and have long been known for their immunosuppressive function.

Author(s): 
Singh, Udai P.
Singh, Narendra P.
Singh, Balwan
Hofseth, Lorne J.
Taub, Dennis D.
Price, Robert L.
Nagarkatti, Mitzi
Nagarkatti, Prakash S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Cryptosporidium is a major cause of diarrhea in children in developing countries. However, there is no vaccine available and little is known about immune responses to protective antigens. We investigated antibody responses to p23, a putative vaccine candidate, in children in Bangladesh with cryptosporidiosis and diarrhea (cases) and uninfected children with diarrhea (controls), and p23 gene polymorphisms in infecting species. Serum IgM, IgG, and IgA responses to p23 were significantly greater in cases than controls after three weeks of follow-up.

Author(s): 
Borad, Anoli J.
Allison, Geneve M.
Wang, David
Ahmed, Sabeena
Karim, Mohammad M.
Kane, Anne V.
Moy, Joy
Hibberd, Patricia L.
Ajjampur, Sitara Swarna Rao
Kang, Gagandeep
Calderwood, Stephen B.
Ryan, Edward T.
Naumova, Elena
Khan, Wasif A.
Ward, Honorine D.
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

Breast milk (colostrum [col]/milk) components and gut commensals play important roles in neonatal immune maturation, establishment of gut homeostasis and immune responses to enteric pathogens and oral vaccines. We investigated the impact of colonization by probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 (Bb12) with/without col/milk (mimicking breast/formula fed infants) on B lymphocyte responses to an attenuated (Att) human rotavirus (HRV) Wa strain vaccine in a neonatal gnotobiotic pig model.

Author(s): 
Chattha, Kuldeep S.
Vlasova, Anastasia N.
Kandasamy, Sukumar
Esseili, Malak A.
Siegismund, Christine
Rajashekara, Gireesh
Saif, Linda J.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Otorinolaringologii

The paper analyzes the outcomes of treatment of 326 patients with acute and chronic exudative sinusitis by using low-frequency vibratory massage--vibrotherapy that has antiinflammatory, antiedematous, and antiallergic effects, promotes normalization of body defenses and may be used as monotherapy. The therapy is shown to have a marked therapeutical effect and advantages over conventional treatments. The method is physiological, reduces the number of punctures in maxillary sinusitis, leaves the skin and mucosa intact, and decreases the use of drugs.

Author(s): 
Zelenkin, E. M.
Prozorovskaia, K. N.
Petrovskaia, A. N.
Zavgorodniaia, E. G.
Kandaurova, A. N.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the intelligent-turtle massage on the physical symptoms and immune functions in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: 182 cases of CFS were randomly divided into an experimental group of 91 cases treated by the intelligent-turtle massage, and a control group of 91 cases treated with the conventional massage method. After 2 courses of treatment, the therapeutic effects were statistically analyzed with the accumulated score for the improved clinical symptoms; and the changes of IgA, IgM and IgG were compared in 96 cases.

Author(s): 
Wang, Ji-hong
Chai, Tie-qu
Lin, Guo-hua
Luo, Lin

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