Independent Living

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is common in older people and associated with serious physical and psychosocial consequences. Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive and purposive physical activity aimed at improving physical fitness) may reduce fear of falling by improving strength, gait, balance and mood, and reducing the occurrence of falls. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits, harms and costs) of exercise interventions for reducing fear of falling in older people living in the community.

Author(s): 
Kendrick, Denise
Kumar, Arun
Carpenter, Hannah
Zijlstra, G. A. Rixt
Skelton, Dawn A.
Cook, Juliette R.
Stevens, Zoe
Belcher, Carolyn M.
Haworth, Deborah
Gawler, Sheena J.
Gage, Heather
Masud, Tahir
Bowling, Ann
Pearl, Mirilee
Morris, Richard W.
Iliffe, Steve
Delbaere, Kim
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of death and disability in the world, and the prevalence of stroke tends to increase with age. Despite advances in acute care and secondary preventive strategies, primary prevention should play the most significant role in the reduction of the burden of stroke. As an important component of traditional Chinese Qigong, Baduanjin exercise is a simple, safe exercise, especially suitable for older adults.

Author(s): 
Zheng, Guohua
Chen, Bai
Fang, Qianying
Yi, Hongmei
Lin, Qiu
Chen, Lidian
Tao, Jing
Li, Junzhe
Zheng, Xin
Li, Moyi
Lan, Xiulu
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: The longer healthy life expectancy observed in Japan may be partly attributed to the Japanese diet. The researchers sought to examine whether serum isoflavone levels are associated with disability and death. METHODS: The researchers used a nested case-control study to compare serum isoflavones (daidzein, genistein, glycitein, and equol) levels between 165 participants that died or were certificated as disabled (cases) and 177 controls. Disability was defined by certification of long-term care insurance.

Author(s): 
Hozawa, Atsushi
Sugawara, Yumi
Tomata, Yasutake
Kakizaki, Masako
Tsuboya, Toru
Ohmori-Matsuda, Kaori
Nakaya, Naoki
Kuriyama, Shinichi
Fukao, Akira
Tsuji, Ichiro
Publication Title: 
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Romantic relationships are important in the lives of adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore dating and romantic relationships among these adults and to identify the nature and extent of interpersonal violence in their relationships. A random sample of 47 women and men participated in semistructured interviews. The authors found that relationships sounded very typical of people without disabilities, but their time together was more limited than they wanted.

Author(s): 
Ward, Karen M.
Bosek, Rebecca L.
Trimble, Erin L.
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: Young adults born preterm at very low birth weight start families later. Whether less severe immaturity affects adult social outcomes is poorly known. METHODS: The study "Preterm birth and early life programming of adult health and disease" (ESTER, 2009-2011) identified adults born early preterm (<34 weeks' gestation, N = 149), late preterm (? 34 to <37 weeks' gestation, N = 248), and at term (?

Author(s): 
M‰nnistˆ, Tuija
V‰‰r‰sm‰ki, Marja
Sipola-Lepp‰nen, Marika
Tikanm‰ki, Marjaana
Matinolli, Hanna-Maria
Pesonen, Anu-Katriina
R‰ikkˆnen, Katri
J‰rvelin, Marjo-Riitta
Hovi, Petteri
Kajantie, Eero
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being

With population ageing, there is an increased interest in how to promote a good old age. A predominant concept in these discussions is successful ageing, which is mainly based on researchers' definitions. This article aims to explore successful ageing from the perspective of community-dwelling older people (24 persons aged 77-90 years). Individual open interviews were conducted and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. An overarching theme was formulated as "self-respect through ability to keep fear of frailty at a distance".

Author(s): 
Hˆrder, Helena M.
Fr‰ndin, Kerstin
Larsson, Maria E. H.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Interventions in Aging

BACKGROUND: In Norway, there is a focus on home-dwelling people with dementia receiving the opportunity to participate in organized meaningful activities. The aim of this study was to elucidate the experiences of home-dwelling persons with early-stage dementia who attend an activity center and participate in adapted physical and social activities delivered by nurses and volunteers. METHODS: The study adopted a qualitative approach, with individual interviews conducted among eight people diagnosed with early-stage dementia.

Author(s): 
Sˆderhamn, Ulrika
Aasgaard, Live
Landmark, Bj¯rg
Publication Title: 
Journal of wound, ostomy, and continence nursing: official publication of The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society / WOCN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to enhance our understanding of factors that influence help-seeking in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related fecal incontinence (FI), and their needs or desire for continence services. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: We conducted a survey of FI in community-dwelling people with IBD, all members of a United Kingdom IBD charity, and received 3264 responses. As part of the study, we asked 3 questions about help-seeking for IBD-related FI to which respondents were able to give free-text responses.

Author(s): 
Norton, Christine
Dibley, Lesley
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This analysis describes the dental self-care behaviors used by a multiethnic sample of older adults and delineates the associations of self-care behaviors with personal characteristics and oral health problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional comprehensive oral health survey conducted with a random, multiethnic (African-American, American Indian, white) sample of 635 community-dwelling rural adults aged 60 years and older was completed in two rural southern counties.

Author(s): 
Arcury, Thomas A.
Bell, Ronny A.
Anderson, Andrea M.
Chen, Haiying
Savoca, Margaret R.
Kohrman, Teresa
Quandt, Sara A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

AIM: To examine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural strategies with/without intense Tai Chi exercise in reducing fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults. Background.  Fear of falling is a major health problem among community-dwelling older persons. The prevalence of this fear ranges from 29% to 77%, indicating the importance of developing effective strategies to reduce fear of falling among elderly adults. METHODS: Data were collected from January to December 2007.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tzu-Ting
Yang, Lin-Hui
Liu, Chia-Yih

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