Independent Living

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of people over 65 years of age living in the community fall each year. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in older people living in the community. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (February 2012), CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1946 to March 2012), EMBASE (1947 to March 2012), CINAHL (1982 to February 2012), and online trial registers.

Author(s): 
Gillespie, Lesley D.
Robertson, M. Clare
Gillespie, William J.
Sherrington, Catherine
Gates, Simon
Clemson, Lindy M.
Lamb, Sarah E.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is common in older people and associated with serious physical and psychosocial consequences. Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive and purposive physical activity aimed at improving physical fitness) may reduce fear of falling by improving strength, gait, balance and mood, and reducing the occurrence of falls. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits, harms and costs) of exercise interventions for reducing fear of falling in older people living in the community.

Author(s): 
Kendrick, Denise
Kumar, Arun
Carpenter, Hannah
Zijlstra, G. A. Rixt
Skelton, Dawn A.
Cook, Juliette R.
Stevens, Zoe
Belcher, Carolyn M.
Haworth, Deborah
Gawler, Sheena J.
Gage, Heather
Masud, Tahir
Bowling, Ann
Pearl, Mirilee
Morris, Richard W.
Iliffe, Steve
Delbaere, Kim
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

AIM: To examine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural strategies with/without intense Tai Chi exercise in reducing fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults. Background.  Fear of falling is a major health problem among community-dwelling older persons. The prevalence of this fear ranges from 29% to 77%, indicating the importance of developing effective strategies to reduce fear of falling among elderly adults. METHODS: Data were collected from January to December 2007.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tzu-Ting
Yang, Lin-Hui
Liu, Chia-Yih
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of people over 65 years of age living in the community fall each year. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in older people living in the community. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (February 2012), CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1946 to March 2012), EMBASE (1947 to March 2012), CINAHL (1982 to February 2012), and online trial registers.

Author(s): 
Gillespie, Lesley D.
Robertson, M. Clare
Gillespie, William J.
Sherrington, Catherine
Gates, Simon
Clemson, Lindy M.
Lamb, Sarah E.

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